ON THIS DAY: June 7, 2018

June 7th is

Chocolate Ice Cream Day

National Moonshine Day *


MORE! Beau Brummell, Virginia Apgar and Otto Dix, click



Canada – Nova Scotia:
Nova Scotia Museum Rhubarb Festival

Malta – Sette Giugno
(1919 Martyrs Day)

Norway – Union Dissolution Day
(1905 split with Sweden)

United States – Kentucky: Boone Day *


On This Day in HISTORY

879 – Pope John VIII recognizes the Duchy of Croatia under Duke Branimir as an independent state

1099 – Knights and infantry of the First Crusade, led by Raymond of Toulouse, begin the Siege of Jerusalem, held by the Fatimid Caliphate

Window of Raymond of Toulouse – Saint-Sernin basilica, Toulouse, France

1494 – The Treaty of Tordesillas, signed by Ferdinand II and Isabella I, Prince John of Asturias, and John II of Portugal, divides the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Portugal and the Crown of Castile, along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands, ignoring the rights of the existing inhabitants

1628 – The Petition of Right, a major English constitutional document, is granted the Royal Assent by Charles I, prohibiting the monarch from non-Parliamentary taxation, forced billeting of soldiers, imprisonment without cause, and limiting use of martial law

1654 – Louis XIV, le Roi Soleil, is crowned King of France

1761 – John Rennie (Elder) born – Scottish civil engineer, designs canals, docks and bridges, including London’s Waterloo Bridge, with 9 arches and perfectly flat roadway

1769 – Daniel Boone begins exploring Kentucky; will found Boonesborough, one of the first Colonial settlements west of the Appalachians – the Kentucky Historical Society honors his contributions by sponsoring Boone Day *

1776 –  Richard Henry Lee presents the “Lee Resolution” to the Continental Congress. The motion is seconded by John Adams and leads to the Declaration of Independence

1778 – ‘Beau’ Brummell, born George Bryan Brummell, English dandy and wit; friend of the Prince Regent, the arbiter of fashion; under his sway, men in high society avoid bright colors, ornate accessories, and improve their daily grooming habits. He brings long pants, starched cravats, and black evening dress into fashion: his black-and-white evening ensemble evolves into the tuxedo, still worn for formal occasions today

Beau Brummell, circa 1815 on the left wearing black, at Almack’s, a
subscription-by-invitation-only social club nicknamed “the Marriage Mart”

1788 – Day of the Tiles: Civilians in Grenoble toss roof tiles and various objects down upon royal troops, one of the earliest disturbances leading to the French Revolution

1825 – Richard S. Blackmore born, English author; Lorna Doone

1831 – Amelia B. Edwards born, English novelist, journalist, travel writer and Egyptologist; Egypt Exploration Fund co-founder; A Thousand Miles up the Nile

1843 – Susan Elizabeth Blow born, American pioneer in kindergarten education

1848 – Paul Gauguin born, French post-impressionist painter

Paul Gauguin: Self-Portrait, left, and Nafea Faa Ipoipo (When Will You Marry?) – 1892

1861 – Alice Moore Hubbard born, feminist, educator and author; Justinian and Theodora, Woman’s Work

1868 – Charles Rennie Mackintosh born, Scottish Art Nouveau/Art Deco architect, designer, and illustrator; leader of the Glasgow Style in art and design

Charles Rennie Mackintosh – design for a Music Room

1884 – Ester Claesson born, Swedish landscaping pioneer; considered the first Swedish woman landscape architect; after studying and working in Germany and Austria, she returned to Sweden, and soon started her own business, where she designed gardens to compliment the work of Swedish architects like Ivar Tengborn, becoming the best-known and most-published landscape architect in Sweden during the early 20th century, but died at age 47 in 1931

1896 – Vivien Kellems born, American woman industrialist/inventor, lecturer/political activist, co-inventor of a cable grip to pull and relieve strain on electrical cables. Enthusiastic supporter of voting reform, the Equal Rights Amendment, and abolishing the income tax 


1899 – Carrie Nation, believing God called her, destroys Dobson’s Saloon in Kiowa, Kansas with “smashers,” rocks wrapped in paper. A leader in the prohibition movement, she and other women smash saloons with hatchets, in many  “hatchetations”

1899 – Elizabeth Bowen born in Ireland, Anglo-Irish author; moved to England r at age 8, brought up by her aunts after her mother died in 1912; became acquainted with the Bloomsbury Group, and was befriended by writer Rose Macaulay, who helped her find a publisher for her first book, Encounters; worked for the British Ministry of Information during WWII; noted for her novel The Heat of the Day; her final book Eva Trout, or Changing Scenes won the 1969 James Tait Black Memorial Prize 

1909 – Jessica Tandy born, award-winning actress, who appeared in over 100 stage productions and 60 films, 1920s to 1990s, including A Streetcar Named Desire (the original Blanche Dubois, on Broadway, 1948) and Driving Miss Daisy (film, 1989)

1909 – Virginia Apgar born, anesthesiologist, developed the Apgar score to assess the health of newborns, increasing infant survival rates. Pioneer in anesthesiology, raised  respect for the discipline; she warned use of some anesthetics during childbirth negatively affected infants; helped refocus March of Dimes from polio to birth defects

1910 – Marion Wolcott born, documentary photographer for the Farm Securities Administration during the Great Depression

 Taken during the Memphis Cotton Festival, by Marion Wolcott, circa 1939

1917 – Gwendolyn Brooks born, poet, first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (1950), and the first black woman to be named a Library of Congress Consultant in Poetry (1985—86)

1929 – Vatican City becomes a sovereign state

1930 – NY Times editorial: “In our Style Book ‘Negro’ is now added to the list of words to be capitalized. It is not merely a typographical change; it is an act of recognition of racial self-respect for those who have been for generations in ‘the lower case.”

1933 – Otto Dix, notable artist of the Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity) Movement, paints on this day The Seven Deadly Sins, an allegorical work representing the political situation in Germany, after he had been removed from his teaching position at the Dresden Art Academy by the Nazi regime, labeling him a degenerate. His WWI paintings The Trench and War cripples are burned, and Dix is forced to join the Nazi’s Reich chamber of Fine Arts and to promise he would paint only inoffensive landscapes, but he still worked on anti-Nazi paintings in secret, which will be discovered in 2012 among a large cache of paintings hidden away by an art dealer

The Seven Deadly Sins: The hag is Avarice, ridden by Envy(with a Hitler mustache, added by Dix after the painting is exhibited); death is Sloth, representing the German people dragging their feet in acknowledging the Nazi danger; Anger is the red demon; Pride is the giant head with plugged ears, and whose mouth is an asshole; Lust is the bare-breasted woman; and Gluttony is the pig-like child at the back, head encased in a cookpot

1933 – The last collaboration between Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht is for the music and libretto of a ballet chanté (sung ballet) called The Seven Deadly Sins, after both of them had left Germany because of the rising power of the Nazis. It is produced, directed and choreographed by George Balanchine, premiering on this day in Paris. The French audience found it bewildering, especially since it was sung entirely in German, but German émigrés at the performance were enthusiastic

1938 – The first flight of the Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat

1944 – Annette Lü born, Taiwanese Democratic Progressive Party politician and feminist; elected to the Legislative Yuan  (1993-1996); Magistrate of Taoyuan County (1997-2000); Vice President of the Republic of China (2000-2008); author of Xin Nüxing Zhuyi (New Feminism) and the novel These Three Women, written while she was in prison, after a 1979 International Human Rights Day rally held by the Taiwanese democracy movement, where she and all the other speakers were arrested for violent sedition. Amnesty International named her as a prisoner of conscience, and pressure both internationally and in Taiwan secured her release after 5½ years

1946 – U.S. Supreme Court rules in Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia that racial segregation requirements on buses are unconstitutional, interfering with  interstate commerce, and violate the 14th Amendment due process and equal protection clauses

1954 – Louise Erdrich born, Ojibwe novelist/poet/children’s book author, enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa, a band of Anishinaabe  (aka Ojibwe and Chippewa)

1955 – The $64,000 Question game show premieres in CBS-TV

1965 – The U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark 7-2 decision in Griswold v. Connecticut, cutting down state laws that made use of birth control by anyone, including married couples illegal, citing the “right to marital privacy” in deciding whether or when to have a child, which becomes the basis for extending right to privacy in later reproductive rights decisions, including Roe v. Wade

1968 – Women sewing machinists at Ford Motor Company Limited’s Dagenham plant in London go out on strike; Barbara Castle, the Secretary of State for Employment and Productivity in Harold Wilson’s government, intervenes and the strike ends three weeks later, after a deal that immediately increases their rate of pay to 8% below that of men, to rise to the same category B rate as the men the following year. This had repercussions in the U.S. as well: international media attention to the Dagenham strike contributed to the passage of the U.S. Equal Pay Act of 1970

1971 – The U.S. Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace in Cohen v. California, setting the precedent that vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; Cohen was arrested for wearing a jacket imprinted with “F*ck the Draft” in the public corridors of a courthouse, labeled as “offensive conduct” which was disturbed the peace; the vote was 5-4, the minority saying the wearing of the jacket was conduct, not speech   

1972 – The musical Grease opens on Broadway

1975 – The Betamax videocassette recorder goes on sale to the public for $995.00

1975 – John Denver’s “Thank God I’m a Country Boy” is #1 on the charts

1977 – Anita Bryant leads a successful, well-funded crusade by the right-wing Christian group “Save Our Children” to overturn a Dade County FL ordinance that bans sexual orientation discrimination in housing, employment, or public accommodation

1986 – Madonna’s single “Live to Tell’’ is #1 on the charts

1998 – James Byrd Jr. is murdered in Jasper TX by three white supremacists who drag him behind their pick-up truck until his unconscious body hits a culvert, decapitating him. The killers dump his torso in front of an African-American cemetery; because of the high-profile trial and conviction of the murderers, the state of Texas passes a hate crime law, and the federal Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act is signed into law by President Obama on October 28, 2009

2006 – The British Houses of Parliament temporarily shut down due to anthrax alert

2012 – The remains of the Curtain Theatre, where some of Shakespeare’s plays were first performed, are found under a London pub



About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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