ON THIS DAY: November 4, 2018

November 4th is

Easy-Bake Oven Day *

King Tut Day *

National Candy Day

Use Your Common Sense Day *

U.S. Daylight Savings Ends

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MORE! Izumi Kyōka, Janaki Ammal, and Barack Obama, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Andorra – Saint Charles Borromeu Day 

Italy – National Unity Day

Micronesia – National Day

Northern Mariana Islands –
Citizenship Day

Panama – Flag Day

Russia – Unity Day

Tonga – Constitution Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

1429 – Joan d’Arc takes Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier by assault



1501 – Catherine of Aragon, age 16, and Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, age 15, meet for the first time, 10 days before they are married – Arthur will die of an unknown ailment, five months after the wedding, Catherine will swear their marriage was never consummated, then she will marry Arthur’s younger brother Henry in 1509, two months after he became King of England at age 18, while she is 24

Young Catherine of Aragon, with pet monkey


1737 – Real Teatro di San Carlo, now the oldest continuously active venue for public opera in the world, opens its doors in Naples, Italy



1780 – The doomed rebellion led by Túpac Amaru II (who was born as José Gabriel Condorcanqui, but had claims to an Incan royal heritage) against Spanish rule in Peru begins; he will be captured in 1781 and executed by the Spanish, but the rebellion will continue under other leaders until it is crushed by the Spanish, and 73 of its leaders are executed in 1783



1783 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony No. 36 is performed for the first time in Linz, Austria



1791 – The Western Confederacy of American Indians wins the largest victory ever known by Native Americans over the United States in St. Clair’s Defeat, also called the 1791 Battle of the Wabash, in Ohio  – the loss was so great that the U.S. House of Representatives instigated the first Congressional Special Committee Investigation, and President Washington initiated what has become known as ‘executive privilege’ for the first time



1819 – The first of over 1,400 immigrants from Switzerland arrive in Brazil to found Nova Friburgo in the southeastern state of Rio de Janeiro, the first colonial company contracted by the Portuguese government

1839 – Chartist leader Henry Vincent and a few of his supporters (Chartists support the People’s Charter, which includes the right to vote for every man aged 21 or older ‘of sound mind, and not undergoing punishment for a crime’) are being held gaol in Newport, Monmouthshire Wales, so Chartist sympathizers, led by John Frost, march on the town to free them, a confrontation that became the brief but bloody battle called the Newport Rising, the last large-scale armed rebellion in Great Britain

1846 – Benjamin Palmer patents an artificial leg



1847 – Sir James Young Simpson, Scottish physician, discovers the anaesthetic properties of chloroform

1852 – Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which becomes a key component in the unification of Italy

1853 – Anna Bayerová born, the second Czech woman medical doctor, but her doctorate was from the University of Bern in 1881, so Czechoslovakia refused to recognize it (Bohuslava Kecková, the first Czech woman to get a medical degree faced the same problem, but she became a midwife in her hometown); Bayerová set up her medical practice in Berne; in 1889, seven hundred Czech women signed an open letter to her, which appeared in the women’s magazine Ženské Listy, expressing hope that she could return and practice in her homeland



1868 – Camagüey, Cuba, revolts against Spain during the Ten Years’ War, the first of three wars fought by Cubans to gain independence from Spain

1873 – Izumi Kyōka born as Izumi Kyōtarō, Japanese author of novels and Kabuki plays. He used surrealism in making social criticism; Kōya Hijiri (The Holy Man of Mount Kōya), Yasha ga Ike (Demon Pond), and Tenshu monogatari (The Castle Tower)



1879 – Will Rogers, American humorist and social commentator, is born: “Common sense ain’t all that common”



1880 – James and John Ritty patent the first cash register

1890 – London’s first deep-level tube railway, the City and South London Railway, opens between King William Street and Stockwell

1897 – Janaki Ammal born, Indian botanist who researched cytogenetics and phytogeography; did notable work on sugarcane and the eggplant; strong supporter of Gandhi and India;s independence;the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of India instituted the Janaki Ammal National Award of Taxonomy in her honor in 2000; the ‘Magnolia Kobus Janaki Ammal’ is named for her



1909 – Evelyn Bryan Johnson born, American pilot with the greatest number flying hours of any woman pilot in the world; Colonel in the Civil Air Patrol; after learning to fly in 1944, she logged 57,635.4 flying hours, and became the oldest flight instructor in the world, training a record number of pilots and giving the most FAA exams; she lived to age 102


“Mama Bird” Evelyn Bryan Johnson


1915 – Marguerite Patten born, English home economist, food writer and broadcaster; during WWII, she worked for the Ministry of Food, giving recipes making use of available rationed food on a BBC programme called The Kitchen Front; debuted her first television cookery show on the BBC in 1947; author of dozens of cookery books, including the first cook book in England with colour illustrations, Cookery in Colour

1921 – Mary Sherman Morgan born, American rocket fuel scientist and engineer, who invented the liquid fuel Hydyne in 1957, which powered the Jupiter-C rocket



1922 – King Tut Day * – British archaeologist Howard Carter and his workmen uncover a step leading to the tomb of King Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt


Antechamber of King Tut’s Tomb – photo by Harry Burton


1924 – Nellie Tayloe Ross wins a special election to succeed her husband William after his death as Governor of Wyoming, the first woman governor of a U.S. state, serving from 1925 to 1927 – then she is director of the U.S. Mint under the administrations of three presidents from 1933 to 1953


Nellie Tayloe Ross, obituary, San Diego Union, December 21, 1977


1928 –Hannah Weiner born, American poet; part of the New York “happenings” of the 1960s; in later years, she wrote journals about her experiments with automatic writing and her struggles with schizophrenia

1929 –Shakuntala Devi born, Indian polymath, mental calculator, author of both fiction and non-fiction on mathematics, puzzles, and a sympathetic study of homosexuality in India, considered the first serious work on the subject



1930 – Ranjit Roy Chaudhury born, Indian clinical pharmacologist and health planner; inaugural chair of the Indian Toxicology Review Panel; chair of the joint programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and India’s government on Rational Use of Drugs in India (1982?-1991)

1939 – Gail E, Haley, American children’s book author-illustrator, winner of the 1971 Caldecott Medal and the 1976 Kate Greenaway Medal

1939 – The 40th National Automobile Show: first air-conditioned car is put on display

1940 – Marlène Jobert born in Algeria to a Sephardic Jewish family, French actress and author who left acting in the late 1970s to concentrate on writing children’s books and books about classical composers, including Mozart, Chopin and Tchaikovsky



1941 – Lyndall Gordon born, South African-English biographer and academic; senior research fellow at St. Hilda’s College, Oxford; noted for Eliot’s Early Years won the British Academy’s 1978 Rose Mary Crawshay Prize; Virginia Woolf: A Writer’s Life won the 1984 James Tait Black Prize for Biography; Charlotte Brontë: A Passionate Life won the 1994 Cheltentham Prize for Literature



1942 – Patricia Bath born, American ophthalmologist, inventor and humanitarian; first black person to serve as a resident in ophthalmology at New York University; the first African-American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose, and now holds four patents; first woman member of the Jules Stein Eye Institute; first woman to lead a post-graduate training program in ophthalmology, and first woman elected to the honorary staff of the UCLA Medical Center. In 1976, Bath co-founded the non-profit American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness, and its president



1948 – Alexis Hunter born in New Zealand, contemporary painter and photographer who worked in London; member of the Women’s Workshop of Artists Union (1972-1975) and the Woman’s Free Arts Alliance; explored the importance of tattoos as cultural art and commentary, and did several series of photographs related to feminist theories, including a photograph in her 1978 How to Make it in a Man’s World series entitled The Marxist Housewife (Still Does the Housework), showing a manicured hand cleaning a poster of Karl Marx, referencing both class issues and Marx’s lack of recognition of domestic labour in his writing



1952 – The U.S. federal government establishes the National Security Agency (NSA)

1956 – The Hungarian Revolution is ended when additional Soviet troops arrive, combine forces with Soviet units already there, and kill an estimated 3000 civilians, and wounding 13,000 more

1958 – Anne Sweeney born, American business executive; co-chair of Disney Media, President of the Disney–ABC Television Group, and the President of Disney Channel from 1996 to 2014; Lucy Award from Women in Film in Los Angeles in 2002; inducted into the Broadcasting and Cable Hall of Hall in 2005

1960 – Kathy Griffin born, American comedian and social commentator who has been frequently in hot water because of her ‘nothing off-limits’ style, actress and outspoken supporter of LGBT rights; she has also done two USO tours to entertain U.S. troops

1960 – At Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr Jane Goodall observes chimpanzees creating tools, the first-ever observation in non-humans



1962 – United States concludes Operation Fishbowl, its final above-ground nuclear weapons testing series, in anticipation of the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

1963 – Easy-Bake Oven Day * – the Easy-Bake Oven arrives in stores and sells out over the holiday season. In 1964, Kenner triples its production of Easy-Bake Ovens, and adds the Easy-Pop Corn Popper attachment. By 1966, over 1 million of the ovens have been sold. By its 30th anniversary in 1993, over 11 million ovens have been sold



1965 – Lee Ann Roberts Breedlove is the first woman to exceed 300 mph, setting a women’s land speed  record of 308.5 mph

1966 – The Arno River floods Florence, Italy, to a maximum depth of 6.7 m (22 ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books – Venice is submerged on the same day to an all-time record acqua alta of 194 cm.

1970 – Salvador Allende takes office as President of Chile, the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections

1973 – The Netherlands experiences the first Car-Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are used by buses, cyclists and roller skaters



1979 – Iran hostage crisis: An Iranian mob, mostly students, overrun the US embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (63 are Americans), demanding the shah return to Iran to stand trial

1984 – Nicaragua holds its first free elections in 56 years

1988 – U2’s concert movie Rattle and Hum opens in the U.S. and the U.K.



1991 – Ronald Reagan’s presidential library opens in Simi Valley, CA

1995 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an Israeli Ultraorthodox Jewish extremist after leaving a peace rally

1999 – U.N. imposes economic sanctions against the Taliban that controlled most of Afghanistan because they refuse to turn over Osama bin Laden, who is charged with masterminding the 1998 bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania

2001 – The Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone movie world premiere in London



2002 – Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing a pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress

2007 – Bud Bilanich starts Use Your Common Sense Day * on Will Rogers’ birthday

2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first African American to be elected U.S. President



2012 – Fauzia Yusuf Haji Adan is nominated as Somalia’s first woman Foreign Minister. She is confirmed, and serves in the cabinet both as Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister from 2012 to 2014

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 4, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    It is distressing that the NY Times headline announces that a “racial barrier falls” just because Obama was elected. Nothing of the sort happened. Did Obama manage to become president in SPITE of the racial barrier? Yes. That doesn’t mean it fell. In fact, I believe it stiffened and mutated and it’s now assumed a monstrous form more depraved and treacherous than ever. Trump practically rode into his tyranny cat-bird seat on a racist reactionary movement hell-bent on erasing the Obama Presidency and its legacy, for the sake of re-establishing the white supremacist principles that were beginning to wobble in the 21st Century. Now we have lost more than we gained in arduous decades of attempted socioeconomic realignment. It doesn’t look good.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Well, the NYT was correct in the limited sense that one racial barrier, the one blocking black American men from becoming President, had fallen.

      I think this election will decide whether the Republican reactionary movement will prevail or not. And I pretty sure it’s the last chance for democracy, We have to get back at least the House, or I don’t think we’ll get another chance to re-gain any part of the federal government. There just won’t be anything to stop the gerrymandering, purging of voter rolls, hacking voting machines, dirty tricks, and buying elections.

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