ON THIS DAY: November 6, 2019

November 6th is

Malaria Day in the Americas *

Nachos Day

Saxophone Day *

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict *

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MORE! Opal Kunz, Derrick Bell and Sally Field, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Cronulla: Australian
Music Week (opening day)

Brazil – Rio de Janeiro:
Rio International Film Festival

Canada – Edmonton: Farmfair International

Dominican Republic – Constitution Day

Finland – Finnish Swedish Heritage Day

French Polynesia – Tamanu Punaauia:
Polynesia Tatau Festival

Iceland – Reykjavik: Iceland Airwaves

India – Vadnagar: Tanariri Music Festival

Italy – Palermo: Transeuropa Festival

Japan – Tokyo: Joy of Sake Festival

Kenya – Obama Day

Malta – Valletta: Malta Book Festival

Morocco & Western Sahara – Green March Day *

Peru – Puno: International Animation Festival

Republic of the Congo – Arbor Day

Sweden – King Gustavus Adolphus Memorial Day

Tajikistan – Constitution Day

Thailand – Bangkok: Steem Fest
(online media)

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On This Day in HISTORY

355 – Roman emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian (the Apostate) to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with the government of the Prefecture of the Gauls


Julian the Apostate

1217 – The Charter of the Forest is sealed at St Paul’s Cathedral in London by King Henry III, acting under the regency of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke, which re-establishes the rights of access for free men to the royal forest which had been eroded by William the Conqueror and his heirs

1494 – Suleiman I born, Suleiman the Magnificent, who reigned from 1520 to 1566, and expanded the Ottoman Empire into much of the Middle East and North Africa, Rhodes, Belgrade and most of Hungary, while the Ottoman fleet dominated in the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Mediterranean



1528 – Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in what will become Texas

1558 – Thomas Kyd born, English playwright; The Spanish Tragedy



1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first U.S. Catholic bishop

1813 – The Congress of Chilpancingo, which drafted and ratified the first national constitution of Mexico, sign  Acta Solemne de la Declaración de Independencia de la América Septentrional (Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America), declaring Mexico independent of Spain



1814 – Saxophone Day * celebrates Adolphe Sax’s birthday, Belgian saxophone inventor


A saxophone made by Adolphe Sax

1833 – Jonas Lie born, notable Norwegian novelist, poet and playwright;  Familien paa Gilje (The Family at Gilje)

1844 – The first constitution of the new Dominican Republic is signed in San Cristobal, on the island of Hispaniola

1851 – Charles Dow born, American journalist, founder of The Wall Street Journal and co-founder of Dow Jones & Company

1854 – John Philip Sousa born, the “March King,” composer and band director; “Stars and Stripes Forever” “The Washington Post”



1856 – Scenes of Clerical Life, three short stories by the author later known as George Eliot, is submitted for publication

1860 – Abraham Lincoln elected as the sixteenth U.S. president

1861 – Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America

1884 – May Brahe born, Australian composer, best known for songs and ballads, including “Bless This House” (lyrics by Helen Taylor)



1886 – Ida Barney born, American astronomer and mathematician; produced 22 volumes of astrometric measurements on 150,000 stars; worked at the Yale University Observatory as a researcher (1922-1955); awarded the American Astronomical Society’s Annie J. Cannon Award in Astronomy in 1952



1892 – Harold Ross born, American editor of The New Yorker magazine (1925-1951)

1894 – William C. Hooker patented a mousetrap



1894 – Opal Kunz born, American aviator; first woman pilot to race men in an open competition; chief organizer of the Betsy Ross Air Corps, to support the Army Air Corps an fly humanitarian missions during emergencies; charter member of the Ninety-Nines, a women pilots’ organization; during WWI, was a flight instructor for Navy cadets and the Civilian Pilot Training Program. She made many public appearances urging women to take up flying



1900 – Ida Lou Anderson born, pioneer in radio broadcasting, and professor; after graduation from college, she became a professor of speech and drama, a radio station adviser and broadcasting coach. Edward R. Murrow was one of her students, and she became his mentor and adviser. Anderson suggested the opening phrase “This is London” for Murrow’s broadcasts from the city during the Nazi Blitz early in WWII, with the slight pause after “This” which made the phrase so memorable. She died at age 40 of complications from polio which she had suffered as a child



1903 – Panama’s ambassador to the U.S., Philippe Bunau-Varilla, signs the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, which granted the U.S. rights to build and indefinitely administer the Panama Canal Zone and its defenses

1913 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa to protest the ‘Indian Relief Bill’ a tax imposed on all former indentured laborers; 2037 men, 127 women and 57 children marched. Gandhi was arrested, released on bail, and re-joined the march. The Indian Relief Bill was later scrapped. His ideas on passive resistance called Satyagraha, and introduced in his South African newspaper, the Indian Opinion, not only shaped the civil rights campaign of Indians in South Africa, it had a significant effect on the South Africa’s long anti-apartheid struggle, especially the 1952 Defiance Campaign, the largest non-violent resistance campaign ever seen in South Africa. It was also the first joint campaign by all racial groups, led by the ANC and the South African Indian Congress



1921 – James R. Jones born, American author; won the 1952 National Book Award for his first published novel, From Here to Eternity

1923 –  Jacob Schick patents the electric shaver

1930 – Derrick Bell born, first tenured African-American professor of law at Harvard Law School (1969-1979); Dean of University of Oregon School of Law (1980-1985); led protests at Harvard over lack of people of color and women on the faculty — Bell resigned his tenured position at Harvard over its refusal to hire a fully-qualified Asian woman; was a New York University professor of law (1991-2011); influential proponent of “critical race theory”; author of Race, Racism and American Law



1931 – Mike Nichols born in Germany, American theatre and film director, producer and comedian; came to prominence for his partnership with Elaine May as the comedy duo Nichols and May – their debut comedy album won the 1961 Grammy Award for Best Comedy Performance. He won six Tony Awards for Best Direction of a Play, and an Academy Award for Best Director for The Graduate



1933 – Else Ackermann born, German physician and pharmacologist who became an East German politician in the Christian Democratic Union party. While chair of the local branch of the party in her hometown of Neuenhagan, she drafted a report on the power relationships between the citizen and the state, and in 1988 she presented what came to be known as the “Neuenhagen Letter,” to the national party, a significant precursor of the 1989 changes which led to the ending, in the early summer of 1990, of the one-party dictatorship, followed by German reunification later that same year



1935 – Edwin Armstrong presents his paper “A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System of Frequency Modulation” to the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers, announcing his development of FM radio



1938 – Diana E. H. Russell born in South Africa, educated in Britain and the U.S.; feminist writer, sociologist and anti-apartheid activist; pioneer in Women’s Studies, offering one of the earliest courses as an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Mills College; organizer of the first International Tribunal on Crimes against Women in Brussels in 1976; advocate for the use of ‘Femicide’ to describe violent murders of women by men because they are female, and adding it as a category to legislation against hate crimes



1940 – Ruth Messinger born, New York City liberal political leader and advocate for public education, ran unsuccessfully for mayor against incumbent Rudy Giuliani in 1997; president and CEO of American Jewish World Service (1998-2016)

1944 – Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility and subsequently used in the ‘Fat Man’ atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan

1946 – Sally Field born, American actress and director; Oscar-winner for Best Actress for Norma Rae and Places in the Heart; director and co-author of the TV movie The Christmas Tree (1996), and the feature film Beautiful (2000); activist for women’s rights and LGBT rights; advocate for early detection of osteoporosis through bone-density scans



1947 – First show for NBC News of Meet the Press; Martha Rountree, co-founder of Meet the Press, was the first moderator, and its only female host to date, from 1947 to 1953



1952 – The first hydrogen bomb is exploded at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean

1954 – Catherine Crier born, American journalist, author and attorney. Her legal career began in 1978 in the Dallas County District Attorney’s office, where she rose from Assistant District Attorney to Felony Chief Prosecutor (1982-1984). At age thirty, she became the youngest elected state judge in Texas, serving as Texas State District Judge for the 162nd District Court (1984-1990). She switched to television journalism at CNN in 1990, then in 1993 she joined the 20/20 news magazine team at ABC. In 1996, she was at Fox News Channel for The Crier Report, then moved in 1999 to Court TV as an Executive Editor, and host of Catherine Crier Live (1999-2007). Crier currently manages her production company, Crier Communications, developing television, film and documentary projects.As an author, her books include The Case Against Lawyers; Deadly Game; Contempt – How the Right is Wronging American Justice; Final Analysis; and Patriot Acts –What Americans Must Do to Save the Republic



1962 – U.N. General Assembly adopts a resolution condemning South Africa’s racist apartheid policies, and calling for all member states to terminate military and economic relations with South Africa

1965 – ‘Freedom Flights’ program allows 250,000 Cubans refugees in the U.S. by 1971

1967 – Phil Donahue’s talk show makes its debut as a local program in Dayton OH

1973 – NASA’s Pioneer 10 spacecraft begins photographing Jupiter

1975 – Following an International Court of Justice declaration that there were legal ties between the Moroccan throne and the Sahrawi people, King Hassan II of Morocco launches the Green March, a mass march of 300,000 flag-carrying Moroccans, to “reclaim” the nation of Western Sahara from Spanish colonialism – Western Sahara has been a bone of contention ever since, with the Polisario Front of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic fighting for self-rule



1982 – Paul Biya is elected President of Cameroon, beginning 35 years in power which has seen the country survive economic crisis and move to multi-party politics, but has also been marred by endemic corruption and the abolition of term limits, allowing Biya to run for re-election in 2011. He has been criticized for the amount of time he spends outside the country, leaving the day-to-day running of the government to Prime Minister Philemon Yang. Some 60% of Camroonians are under age 25, and there is a massive demand for jobs with livable wages



1983 – U.S. Army choppers drop hundreds of leaflets over northern and central Grenada, urging residents to cooperate in locating any Grenadian or Cuban resisters to the invasion

1984 – For the first time in 193 years, the New York Stock Exchange remained open during a presidential election day

1986 – U.S. intelligence sources publicly confirm a story in the Lebanese magazine Ash Shiraa that the U.S. secretly sold arms to Iran to secure release of American hostages

1989 – Attempting to free the U.S. hostages held in Iran, the U.S. announces it will unfreeze $567 million in Iranian assets that had been held since 1979

1990 – 20% of Universal Studios’ Southern California backlot is destroyed by an arson fire



1991 – Kuwait douses the last oil fire Iraq ignited during the Persian Gulf War

1991 – The National Olympic Committee of South Africa (NOCSA) announces South Africa’s acceptance of an invitation to participate in the Olympic Games in Barcelona in June 1992. The South African team will not sing South Africa’s national anthem, “The Call of South Africa” but instead will sing the Olympic hymn, Beethoven’s “Ode to Joy.”  The team will compete under a new flag which will be unveiled at the games


South African team at the Barcelona Olympic, July 1992

1995 – Queen releases their album Made in Heaven

1999 – Australian voters reject anti-Queen Elizabeth II referendum as their head of state

2001 – U.N. General Assembly declares November 6 as International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict *



2001 – Parents as Teachers Day * is started by the Parents as Teachers National Center in St. Louis MO; teach your child something new today

2003 – British scientists develop a gel that allows wounds to heal in the half the time it took formerly; the gel speeds wound closure and reduces inflammation

2003 – Malaria Day in the Americas * is recognized in Guyana, commemorating the day Dr. Charles Laveran first observed the malaria parasite in blood. Since 2007, it has been celebrated by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and its Member States, and by the partners of Amazon Malaria Initiative, as a day to bring attention to Malaria prevention and control

2009 – The federal government reported U.S. unemployment rose to 10.2 percent in October, the first time the jobless rate hit double digits since 1983

2012 – Barack Obama is re-elected as U.S President, defeating his Republican opponent Mitt Romney, by 51% to 47% of the popular vote

2015 – A Mormon spokesman confirmed that the new policy of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints declares those in a same-sex marriage are considered  apostates, and children living in a same-sex household may not be blessed as babies, or baptized until they are 18, and then only if they disavow same-sex cohabitation and marriage, stop living within the household and request to join the church

2018 – Governments around the world must take “unprecedented” action to limit global warming to “well below” 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned in a report. The report concludes that if greenhouse gas emissions continue at the current rate, by 2040 the atmosphere will heat up by as much as 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit above preindustrial levels, causing a mass die off of coral reefs, intense droughts, coastal flooding, and food shortages. Physicist Bill Hare, author of previous IPCC reports, told The New York Times the report is “quite a shock, and quite concerning. We were not aware of this just a few years ago.” 

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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