An Amazon Mystery: The Butterfly Thieves

There’s some strange behavior in the Amazon jungle that has Lepidopterists scratching their heads.  Bamboo shoots, one of the most coveted sources of nectar for the local ant population, are being blatantly pilfered by the cherry-spot metalmark butterflies (Adelotypa annulifera), and the ants are not retaliating. In fact, they don’t even appear to notice that the butterflies are stealing the nectar from right under their antennae.

butterfly-ants-1.adapt.1190.1

Biologists already knew that metalmark larvae produce a nutritious goo and feed it to ants in exchange for their protection from predators, but after the larvae made the transition to adults, they had to immediately fly away or the formerly protective ants would attack and try to eat the adults. What the adult butterflies did afterward — how they mated, what they ate — remained largely a mystery.

“Ants normally treat this bamboo like their castle, aggressively fighting off intruders,” says Aaron Pomerantz, an entomology Ph.D. student at University of California, Berkeley, and National Geographic explorer. Pomerantz is the co-author with Phil Torres, who first observed this behavior, of a new study published in the Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society.

How the butterflies are getting away with it remains unknown. Some theories are being investigated. The butterflies could use chemical signals to conceal themselves from the ants, or the ants may get some as yet unknown benefit from the butterflies in their midst.

Most of us think of butterflies as peaceful and beautiful, gently flitting from flower to flower. But when it’s a jungle out there, even butterflies do whatever it takes to survive.



Source:

National Geographic: Weird and Wild/Carrie Arnold
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/06/amazon-butterflies-ants-insects-stealing/

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in Biology and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s