ON THIS DAY: September 18, 2016

September 18th is

us-air-force-bday

Air Force Birthday *

Chiropractic Founder’s Day *

National Cheeseburger Day *

National HIV/AIDS and
Aging Awareness Day *

National Respect Day

World Water Monitoring Day *

3rd Sunday in September:
National Neighborhood Day *
Wife Appreciation Day

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az-insect-festival

MORE! Norman Conquest, AZ Insect Festival,
Irish Home Rule, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Chile – Independence Dayinternational Flags

Burundi – Victory of Uprona

Slovenia – Bohinj:
Cow’s Ball (cows return from high pastures)

Switzerland – ‘Eidgenssischer Dank und Bettag’ (Federal Fast Day, celebrated by Christians and Jews)

United States – Tucson:
Arizona Insect Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

1066 – The Norman Invasion of England begins


the_bayeux_tapestry_detail


1709 –  Samuel Johnson, the ‘Dictionary Man’ and scholar, poet, essayist and literary critic, is born in in Lichfield, England

1714 – The first British Hanoverian King, George I, arrives in his new kingdom

1769 – The French formally surrender Quebec to the British, and the Boston Gazette reports that John Harris made a spinet, the first known ‘piano’ built in North America

1809 – The Royal Opera House opens in London


royal-opera-house-london


1830 – ‘Tom Thumb’ the first American-built locomotive loses a race with a horse due to mechanical difficulties


tom-thumb-races-horse


1837 – Tiffany & Young (now Tiffany & Co) is founded in New York City as an emporium of “stationery and fancy goods”

1838 – In Great Britain, the Anti-Corn Law League is founded by Richard Cobden to protest taxes on imported wheat which protected British landowners, but raised the price of bread just as factory-owners were trying to cut wages

slave_kidnap_post_1851_boston

1850 – The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act, allowing slave owners to reclaim slaves that had escaped into states that banned slavery –Abolitionists dubbed it the ‘Bloodhound Law’ because dogs were often used to track runaway slaves.  In 1842, the U.S. Supreme Court had ruled, in Prigg v. Pennsylvania, that states did not have to offer aid in the hunting or recapture of slaves, which greatly undermined the ability of slave owners to recapture slaves who escaped, but the Fugitive Slave Act required all law-enforcement officials to arrest anyone claimed to be a runaway slave by the sworn statement of a slave owner, and the arrested person was no longer entitled to a jury trial or to testify on their own behalf.  An officer who captured a fugitive slave was entitled to a bonus or promotion, but any person who gave aid, food or shelter to a runaway was subject to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine. This resulted not only in many escaped slaves being returned to enslavement, but also in some free black people being conscripted into slavery on the say-so of Southern slavers.

1851 – The New York Times begins publication, originally as the New-York Daily Times

1870 –  Henry D.Washburn, leader of the Washburn expedition to explore Yellowstone, observes and times a geyser, then names it Old Faithful

1873 – Panic of 1873 begins when Jay Cooke & Company, a U.S banking firm that was a major bond company in America, declares bankruptcy, triggering many bank failures

harriet-maxwell-converse-book

1891 – Harriet Maxwell Converse, a white woman author, is named a chief of the Six Nations Tribe at Towanda Reservation in New York in honor of her untiring efforts on their behalf to gain U.S. citizenship and other benefits

1895 – First ‘adjustment’ by Daniel David Palmer, founder of modern Chiropractic * medicine

1914 –  Irish Home Rule received Royal assent

1924? or 26? – An Origin Myth of the Cheeseburger *– Sometime 1924 and 1926, a  homeless man eating at Lionel Sternberger’s restaurant in Pasadena, California, suggested the addition of a slice of cheese to his hamburger order. Sternberger complied, eventually added it to his menu, and the rest is history – or legend.

1927 – Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (now CBS) debuts network broadcasting over 16 radio stations

1940 – You Can’t Go Home Again by Thomas Wolfe is published


thomas-wolfe-you-cant-go-home-again


1947 – Official date of the U.S. Air Force * becoming a separate military branch

1955 – Ed Sullivan’s variety show first airs as The Ed Sullivan Show on CBS-TV, after being on the air since 1948 as The Toast of the Town

1965 – I Dream of Jeannie first airs on NBC-TV

1977 – Voyager One takes the first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together

1979 – The Eagles release “Heartache Tonight”



1981 – France’s Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment

1994 – Haiti’s military leaders agree to leave the country to avert a U.S.-led invasion

1997 – The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, which was launched by Canada as the Ottowa Process in 1996, is signed by 162 nations, but 34 members of the U.N., including the U.S., Russia and China are not signatories. The Mine Ban Treaty is ratified in 1998, and becomes international law on March 1, 1999

2003 –America’s Clean Water Foundation starts Water Monitoring Day * to raise awareness of water pollution issues and get people to test their local bodies of water


world-water-monitoring-day-banner


2004 – National Neighborhood Day * is started in Rhode Island by Lorne Adrain

2008 – The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched National HIV/AIDS and Aging Awareness Day * to focus attention on HIV- issues confronting people aged 55 or older, who account for 24% of an estimated 1.2 million Americans living with HIV. Older adults are less likely to get tested for the virus, so they are often diagnosed late in the course of the infection, when it is more likely to develop into AIDS.

2014 – Scottish voters reject independence from the U.K.
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Visuals

  • U.S. Air Force Birthday logo
  • Arizona Insect Festival poster detail
  • International flags
  • Bayeux Tapestry – detail of knights on horseback
  • Royal Opera House in London
  • ‘Tom Thumb’ race with horse – artist uncredited
  • Poster in Boston warning fugitive slaves to avoid police
  • Cover of book by Harriet Maxwell Converse
  • Dust jacket of first edition of You Can’t Go Home Again
  • World Water Monitoring Day Banner

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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5 Responses to ON THIS DAY: September 18, 2016

  1. bigfatmike says:

    Thanks, I had no idea insects represent 52% of earths biodiversity, and they taste good too – well some of them, anyway.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      LOL mike –

      Probably not the ones with names like stink bug!

      Insects are also supposed to be a decent source of protein, but I’m not planning to test the theory (how many would you have to eat to get the equivalent of one serving of rice and beans?)

  2. bigfatmike says:

    Thanks, but I’m saving space for the cicadas – Yum!

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