ON THIS DAY: October 14, 2016

October 14th is

world_egg_day

Be Bald and Free Day

National Dessert Day

Peace Corps Day *

Vet Nurse Day *

World Egg Day *

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MORE! The Norman Conquest, Lillian Gish and Winnie the Pooh, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bahamas – National Heroes Dayinternational Flags

Georgia – Mtskheta:
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral Day

Moldova – Chişinău: Hramul Chişinăulul
(capital of Moldova patron saint day)

Peru – Santa Fortunata de Moquegua

Tajikistan – Tajik Formation Dayinternational Flags

Tanzania – Mwalimu Julius Nyerere Day
(Uhuru Torch Race climax)

Ukraine – Day of the Ukraine Defenders

Yemen – October Revolution/Liberation Day

Zaire – Founder’s Day/Youth Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1066 – William the Conqueror’s Norman forces defeat Harold II’s English army at the Battle of Hastings


battle-of-hastings-bayeau-tapestry


1586 – Trial begins of Mary, Queen of Scots, for conspiracy in attempt to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I under the English Act for the Queen’s Safety

1656 – The Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony enact the first legislation against the Quakers, levying a heavy fine on any ship bringing Quakers to the colony from England, and making Quakers subject to imprisonment or exile.

1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education is formed in the Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth, the Commission of National Education

1880 – Chief ‘Victorio’ Bidu-ya, and his Warm Springs band of Mimbreño Apaches, is killed by Mexican soldiers at Cero Tres Castillos in Chihuahua, Mexico

1882 – University of the Punjab is founded in Lahore, in what is now Pakistan


university-of-punjab-lahore


1884 – George Eastman, patents paper-strip photographic film

1888 – French inventor Louis Le Prince films Roundhay Garden Scene, the oldest surviving motion picture film in existence



1893 – Lillian Gish born, silent film star, who kept working in film from 1912 to 1987



1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White flies his Farman biplane over Washington DC, then lands on Executive Avenue near the White House

1912 – Campaigning in Milwaukee, former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is shot and mildly wounded by a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the bullet still in his chest wound, Roosevelt delivers his speech as scheduled

1913 – The Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, U.K.’s worst coal mining catastrophe, is caused by high levels of airborne coal dust combined with methane-hydrogen gas, then the resulting fire and afterdamp (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and nitrogen). 439 miners and one would-be rescuer are killed

1926 – Winnie the Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is published


winnie-the-pooh-first-edition


1933 – Nazi Germany withdraws from the League of Nations World Disarmament Conference, to begin secret rearmament, in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles

1947 – USAF Captain Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier when the Bell X-1, a rocket-powered aircraft named Glamorous Glennis for his wife, reaches Mach 1


chuck-yeager-and-glamorous-glennis


1949 – Under the Smith Act of 1940, which banned advocating or belonging to a group that advocated the violent overthrow of the U.S. government, the FBI prosecutes eleven  Communist Party USA (CPUSA) leaders  in one of the lengthiest trial in U.S history, lasting 10 months. Case is based on undercover informant testimony interpretating  communist texts and organization meetings as violating the Smith Act. All 11 defendants found guilty and sentenced to up to 5 years in federal prison, while all 5 defense attorneys received jail sentences for contempt of court – two of them were disbarred

1956 – ‘Babassaheb’ (Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar), Indian jurist and social reformer who campaigned against discrimination against Dalits (‘Untouchables’)leads 385,000 followers in converting to Buddhism, launching the Dalit Buddhist Movement

1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Commonwealth monarch to open an annual session of the Canadian Parliament in Ottawa

1958 – The U.S Atomic Energy Commission carries out an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site

1960 – Peace Corps Day *– On the presidential campaign trail, Senator John F.  Kennedy asks students at University of Michigan how many would volunteer to serve their country and the cause of peace by living and working in the developing world


jfk-on-u-of-michigan-steps


1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis begins when a USAF U-2 pilot flies over the island and takes pictures of Soviet missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads being installed

1964 – Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize

1966 – The Montreal Metro rapid-transit system begins operations in Canada

1968 – NASA’s Apollo 7 astronauts make the first live U.S. TV broadcast from orbit

1969 – The British fifty-pence coin is introduced, beginning phase-out of the shilling


1969_english_50_new_pence_coin


1979 – 200,000 people join the first Washington DC march for Lesbian and Gay Rights

1982 – Ronald Reagan proclaims the ‘War on Drugs’

1990 – Leonard Bernstein dies at age 72

1994 – Yasser Arafat and Yitzak Rabin receive Nobel Peace Prize for the Oslo Accords

1996 – The International Egg Commission celebrates the first World Egg Day * to raise awareness of the nutritional value of eggs.  IEC is headquartered in London UK

1997 – Paul McCartney’s Standing Stone debuts, and the soundtrack from 1942’s Casablanca is released for the first time



2000 – International Top Spinning Day established by the Spinning Top & Yo-Yo Museum of Burlington, WI


spinning_tops


2007 – The first Vet Nurse Day * sponsored by the Veterinary Nurses Council of Australia

vn_day_logo_2016

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Visuals

  • World Egg Day logo
  • International flags
  • Bayeau tapestry – Battle of Hastings
  • University of the Punjab
  • Winnie the Pooh, first edition
  • Chuck Yeager and Glamorous Glennis
  • British 50 pence coin
  • Spinning tops
  • Vet Nurse Day sticker

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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