ON THIS DAY: November 1, 2016

November 1st is

National Author’s Day *

National Bison Day *native-american-heritage-month

Extra Mile Day *

Native American Heritage Month *

Prime Meridian Day *

World Vegan Day *

Zero Tasking Day *

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MORE!  Michelangelo, William Shakespeare and Annie Oakley, click 

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christian: All Saints’ Day

Algeria – Revolution Dayinternational Flags

Antigua & Barbuda – Independence Day

Australia – Melbourne VIC:
Melbourne Cup

Bulgaria – Revival Leaders’ Day
(school holiday)

India & Nepal –
Bhai Duj/ Bhau Beej (brother-sister ritual)
Chitragupta Jayanti (human records-keeper god)

international Flags

Mexico – Día de Muertos
(Day of the Dead – begins on October 31)

Peru – Puno:
Puno Founding Jubilee Opening Day

Panama – Children’s Day

U.S. Virgin Islands – David Hamilton Jackson Day *

Slovenia – Remembrance Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1512 – Michelangelo’s ceiling in the Sistine Chapel is shown publicly for the first time


sistine-chapel


1555 – French Huguenots establish the France Antarctique colony on Guannabara Bay in Brazil – in 1567, the Portuguese destroy it and expel the French Protestants

1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London


whitehall-palace-as-it-was-c-1530

1611 – Shakespeare’s play The Tempest is performed for the first time, also at Whitehall Palace in London


1683 – The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties

1765 – The Stamp Act, ‘Duties in American Colonies Act,’ goes into effect, imposing a direct tax on the colonies and requiring that paper produced in London carrying the embossed revenue stamp must used for many printed materials in the colonies – the tax had to be paid in British currency instead of colonial paper money. The British government claimed the tax was necessary to support trips sent to America to protect the colonists from the Indians, but the Americans insisted they could protect themselves

1790 –  Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster

1800 – John Adams, 2nd U.S. President,  becomes the first president to live in the Executive Mansion (now called the White House)


executive-mansion-etching-c-1800


1814 – Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of the French in the Napoleonic Wars

1848 – In Boston, MA, the first medical school for women opens, The Boston Female Medical School (it later merged with Boston University School of Medicine)

1856 – The 1st photography magazine, Daguerreian Journal, is published in NYC


daguerreian-journal


1864 – U.S. Post Office starts selling money orders, a safer way to mail payments

1870 – U.S. Weather Bureau, originally within the Department of War, makes its first official meteorological forecast (later moved to the Department of Agriculture,then the Department of Commerce, and renamed the National Weather Service)

1877 – Roger Cuthbert Quilter, English composer, is born



1884 – Prime Meridian Day * – Representatives from 25 nations meet in Washington DC, and decide to use the British designation of Greenwich as the Prime Meridian as an international standard, instead of each nation using a meridian that runs through their country as its Prime

1894 – Nicholas II becomes the last Tsar of Russia after his father Alexander III dies, and Thomas Edison films sharpshooter Annie Oakley



1896 – A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time

1897 – The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public; the library had previously been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol

1904 – The U.S. Army War College in Washington DC enrolls its first class

1915 – Red Fox James, a member of the Blackfoot nation, took it upon himself to ride a horse from state to state seeking approval from 24 separate state governments for a day to honor the “American Indian” – in December of 1915 he presented it to the White House, apparently to no positive effect. It was not until 1990 that a joint resolution of Congress proclaimed November as Native American Heritage Month *


red-fox-james-1915


1915 – David Hamilton Jackson, Labor leader, founds the St. Croix Herald, criticizing Danish colonial rule and demanding better social and economic conditions for the island’s black population. He is a leader in the sugar cane workers strike of 1915-16 over low wages and long hours, which forces plantation owners to accept a 9 hour workday and a raise from 10-25 cents to 35 cents per day – the dock worker strike which followed is also successful – The first day of the Herald’s publication is honored as a public holiday: David Hamilton Jackson Day * 

1918 – Western Ukraine gains independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire

1920 – American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in 1st International Fishing Schooner Championship in Halifax, Nova Scotia


esperanto-fishing-schooner


1921 – Wadih El Safi, Lebanese songwriter-composer, ‘the Voice of Lebanon’ born



1928 –‘Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet’ replacing an Arabic alphabet with the Latin alphabet, comes into force in Turkey

1937 – Terry and the Pirates debuts on NBC Radio

1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed “the match of the century” in horse racing


1938-seabiscuit-defeats-war-admiral


1941 – Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that becomes one of the most famous images in the history of photography


ansel-adams-moonrise


1949 – The U.S. Department of Commerce declares Author’s Day * an official national day. First proposed in 1928 as a tribute to American Authors by schoolteacher Nellie Verne Burt McPherson to members of the Bement Illinois Women’s Club, and then the General Federation of Women’s Clubs

1951 – Operation Buster–Jangle: Six thousand five hundred American soldiers are exposed to ‘Desert Rock’ atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada –participation is not voluntary

1954 – Front de Libération Nationale fires first shots of Algerian War of Independence

1957 – Mackinac Bridge, world’s longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan’s upper and lower peninsulas

1963 – Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens

1964 – The Dave Clark Five performed “Glad All Over” on The Ed Sullivan Show



1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America’s film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X

1973 –Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor

1981 – U.S. Postal Service raises a first-class letter stamp to 20 cents

1982 – Honda is the 1st Asian automobile company to produce cars in the U. S. factory when their Marysville, Ohio opens; a Honda Accord is the first car produced there

1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union

1994 – First World Vegan Day * started on the 50th anniversary of the U.K. Vegan Society – the term ‘vegan’ was coined by Donald Watson to differentiate people who do not eat dairy, eggs or any other foods derived from animals from vegetarians, who do.


world-vegan-day-banner


2000s – exact date not found – When Daylight Savings Time ends on November 1, we get an ‘extra’ hour – Zero Tasking Day * is a reminder to take a break during that hour instead of trying to even cram more into our already busy hours

2000 – The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro joins the United Nations

2009 – Shawn Anderson of the Extra Mile America Foundation starts Extra Mile Day *

2012 – First National Bison Day * honors the American ‘buffalo’


american-bison

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Visuals

  • Native American Heritage Month header
  • International flags
  • Detail of the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo
  • Artist’s vision of Whitehall Palace, c. 1530 – artist uncredited
  • Etching of the Executive Mansion, c. 1800 – artist uncredited
  • Debut 1856 copy of first photography magazine, Daguerreian Journal
  • Red Fox James, 1915
  • Postcard of champion fishing schooner Esperanto
  • Seabiscuit defeating War Admiral 
  • Famous Ansel Adams Moonrise photograph
  • World Vegan Day banner
  • National Bison Day header

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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