Election Day 2016 – Some Thank Yous


Status of Women’s Voting Rights 1913

U.S. Election Day 2016

It’s customary to thank all the people who helped you reach a milestone, so on behalf of all the Americans who voted today for the first time for a woman for President of the United States, I’d like to thank:

  • Abigail Adams (1744-1818), one of the first American advocates for women’s equality
  • Jane Addams (1860–1935) – social activist, president Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom
  • Nina E. Allender (1873–1957) – speaker, organizer and cartoonist
  • Naomi Anderson (b. 1863) – black suffragist, temperance advocate
  • Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) – co-founder and leader National Women’s Suffrage Association, created the National American Woman’s Suffrage Association
  • Annie Arniel (1873–1924) – member of the Silent Sentinels, arrested eight times in direct actions

  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862–1931) – African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist, and early leader in the civil rights movement
  • Bertha Hirsch Baruch – writer, president of the Los Angeles Suffrage Association
  • Alva Belmont (1853–1933) – founder of the Political Equality League that was in 1913 merged into the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage
  • Alice Stone Blackwell (1857–1950) – journalist, feminist, socialist, daughter of Lucy Stone, niece of Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman doctor
  • Antoinette Brown Blackwell (1825–1921) – abolitionist, suffragist, first American woman ordained minister, co-founder, with Lucy Stone, of the American Woman Suffrage Association
  • Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch (1856–1940) – writer (major contributor to History of Woman Suffrage), founded Women’s Political Union, daughter of pioneering activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Amelia Bloomer (1818–1894) – women’s rights and temperance advocate; her name was associated with women’s clothing reform style known as bloomers
  • Lucy Gwynne Branham (1892–1966) – professor, organizer, lobbyist, active in the National Women’s Party and its Silent Sentinels, daughter of suffragette Lucy Fisher Gwynne Branham
  • Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (1872–1920) – suffrage leader, one-time vice president of the National Woman Suffrage Association, one of Kentucky’s leading Progressive reformers
  • Sophonisba Breckinridge (1866–1948) – activist, Progressive Era social reformer, social scientist and innovator in higher education
  • Gertrude Foster Brown (1867-1956) – pianist, suffragette, author of “ Your vote and how to use it” (1918).
  • Olympia Brown (1835–1926) – activist, first woman to graduate from a theological school, as well as becoming the first full-time ordained minister
  • Emma Bugbee (1888–1981) – journalist
  • Lucy Burns (1879–1966) – women’s rights advocate, co-founder of the National Woman’s Party

  • Zina Young Williams Card (1850-1931) – American advocate for women and children; midwife
  • Frances Jennings Casement (1840–1928) – voting advocate, married General John S. Casement, who lobbied for voting rights for women
  • Carrie Chapman Catt (1859–1947) – president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women, campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
  • Tennessee Celeste Claflin (1844–1923) – one of the first women to open a Wall Street brokerage firm, advocate for women’s rights, including the right to serve in the military
  • Laura Clay (1849–1941) – co-founder and first president of Kentucky Equal Rights Association, leader of women’s suffrage movement, active in the Democratic Party
  • Jennie Collins (1828-1887), labor reformer, humanitarian, and suffragist
  • Ida Craft – known as the Colonel, took part in Suffrage Hikes
  • Minnie Fisher Cunningham (1882–1964) – first executive secretary of the League of Women Voters, member of the National American Women’s Suffrage Association
  • Lucile Atcherson Curtis (1894-1986) – the first woman in what became the US Foreign Service

  • Lucinda Lee Dalton (1847–1925) – Mormon feminist teacher and writer, advocate for women’s education and equal rights
  • Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis (1813-1876) – a founder of the New England Woman Suffrage Association; active with the National Woman Suffrage Association; co-arranged and presided at the first National Women’s Rights Convention
  • Rheta Childe Dorr (1868–1948) – American journalist, suffragist newspaper editor, writer, and political activist
  • Anne Dallas Dudley (1876–1955) – suffrage activist; in 1920, she, along with Abby Crawford Milton and Catherine Talty Kenny, led the campaign in Tennessee to approve ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
  • Abigail Scott Duniway (1834–1915) – women’s rights advocate, editor, writer

  • Max Eastman (1883–1969) – writer, philosopher, poet, prominent political activist
  • Katherine Philips Edson (1870-1933) – social worker and feminist, worked to add women’s suffrage to the California State Constitution
  • Elizabeth Piper Ensley (1848-1919) – Caribbean-American woman who was the treasurer of the Colorado Non-Partisan Equal Suffrage Association
  • Helga Estby (1860–1942) – Norwegian immigrant, noted for her walk across the United States during 1896 to save her family farm

  • Janet Ayer Fairbank (1878–1951) – author and champion of progressive causes
  • Lillian Feickert (1877–1945) – suffragette; first woman from New Jersey to run for United States Senate
  • Sara Bard Field (1882–1974) – active with the National Woman’s Party, and in Oregon and Nevada; crossed the US to deliver a petition with 500,000 signatures to President Wilson
  • Margaret Foley (1875-1957), active with the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association
  • Jessica Garretson Finch, president of the New York Equal Franchise Society
  • Clara S. Foltz (1849–1934) – lawyer, sister of US Senator Samuel M. Shortridge
  • Elisabeth Freeman (1876–1942) – Suffrage Hike participant
  • Antoinette Funk (1869-1942) – lawyer and executive secretary of the Congressional Committee of the National American Woman Suffrage Association; supporter of the women’s movement in WWI

  • Matilda Joslyn Gage (1826–1898) – activist, freethinker, author
  • Edna Fischel Gellhorn (1878–1970) – reformer, co-founder of the National League of Women Voters
  • Sarah and Angelina Grimké (1792–1873) – South Carolina sisters, among the first women to speak in public against slavery and for women’s rights, often attacked for being “unwomanly” and for speaking to mixed-gender audiences. Sara wrote one of the first compelling papers arguing for women’s equality

  • Eliza Calvert Hall (pen name of Eliza Caroline “Lida” Calvert Obenchain) (1856–1935) – author, women’s rights advocate
  • Ida Husted Harper (1851–1931) – organizer, major writer and historian of the US suffrage movement
  • Florence Jaffray Harriman (1870–1967) – social reformer, organiser and diplomat
  • Sallie Davis Hayden (1842-1907) a co-founder of the suffrage movement in Arizona
  • Josephine K. Henry (1846–1928) – Progressive Era women’s rights leader, social reformer and writer
  • Katharine Houghton Hepburn (1878–1951) – social reformer, president of the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association
  • Elsie Hill (1883-1970) – activist, Washington DC Equal Suffrage League
  • Helena Hill (1875-1958) – Elsie’s sister, activist arrested multiple times for picketing the White House, geologist
  • Julia Ward Howe (1819–1910) – prominent abolitionist, social activist and poet
  • Emily Howland (1827–1929) – philanthropist, educator
  • Josephine Brawley Hughes (1839-1926) – Established the Arizona Suffrage Association in 1891

  • Inez Haynes Irwin (1873–1970) – co-founder of the College Equal Suffrage League, active in National Women’s Party, wrote the parties’ history

  • Ada James (1876–1952) – social worker and reformer
  • Izetta Jewel (1883–1978) – stage actress, women’s rights activist, politician and the first woman to address a major American political party convention
  • Rosalie Gardiner Jones (1883–1978) – socialite, took part in Suffrage Hike, known as “General Jones”

  • Belle Kearney (1863–1939) – speaker and lobbyist for the National American Woman Suffrage Association; first woman elected to the Mississippi State Senate
  • Edna Buckman Kearns (1882–1934) – National Woman’s Party campaigner, known for her horse-drawn suffrage campaign wagon (now in the collection of New York State Museum)
  • Mary Morton Kehew (1859-1918) – labor/social reformer and suffragist from Boston
  • Helen Keller (1880–1968) – author and political activist
  • Abby Kelley (1811–1887) – abolitionist, radical social reformer, fundraiser, lecturer and committee organizer for the American Anti-Slavery Society
  • Caroline Burnham Kilgore (1838-1909) – the first woman to be admitted to the bar in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

  • Daisy Elizabeth Adams Lampkin (1883–1965) – civil rights activist, organization executive, and community practitioner
  • Clara Chan Lee (1886–1993) – first Chinese American to register to vote in the US, November 8, 1911[4]
  • Dora Lewis (1862-1928) – in 1913 became an executive member of the National Women’s Party; in 1918 became their chairwoman of finance; in 1919 became their national treasurer; in 1920 headed their ratification committee
  • Lena Morrow Lewis (1868–1950) – organizer in South Dakota and Oregon; enlisted the support of labor unions
  • Mary Livermore (1820–1905) – journalist and advocate of women’s rights
  • Florence Luscomb (1887–1985) – architect and prominent leader of Massachusetts suffragists

  • Katherine Duer Mackay (1878-1930) – founder of the Equal Franchise Society
  • Arabella Mansfield (1846-1911) – first female lawyer in the United States, chaired the Iowa Women’s Suffrage Convention in 1870, and worked with Susan B. Anthony
  • Anne Henrietta Martin (1875–1951) – Vice-chairman National Woman’s Party, arrested as a Silent Sentinel, president Nevada Equal Franchise Society, first US woman to run for Senate
  • Ellis Meredith (1865–1955) – journalist
  • Jane Hungerford Milbank (1871–1931) – author and poet
  • Inez Milholland (1886–1916) – key participant in the National Woman’s Party and the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913
  • Harriet May Mills (1857–1936) – prominent civil rights leader, played a major role in women’s rights movement
  • Abby Crawford Milton (1881-1991) – traveled throughout Tennessee making speeches and organizing suffrage leagues in small communities; in 1920, she, along with Anne Dallas Dudley and Catherine Talty Kenny, led the campaign in Tennessee to approve ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
  • Virginia Minor (1824–1894) – co-founder and president of the Woman’s Suffrage Association of Missouri; unsuccessfully argued in Minor v. Happersett (1874 Supreme Court case) that the Fourteenth Amendment gave women the right to vote
  • Esther Hobart Morris (1814–1902) – first female Justice of the Peace in the United States
  • Mary Foulke Morrisson (1879-1971) – organizer of 1916 suffrage parade in Chicago at the Republican national Convention; founder of chapters of the League of Women Voters
  • Lucretia Mott (1793–1880) – one of the organizers of the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention, Quaker, abolitionist; women’s rights activist; social reformer
  • Frances Lillian Willard “Fannie” Munds (1866-1948) – leader of the suffrage movement in Arizona and member of the Arizona Senate

  • Sarah Massey Overton (1850-1914) – women’s rights activist and black rights activist

  • Maud Wood Park (1871–1955) – founder of the College Equal Suffrage League, co-founder of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government (BESAGG); worked for passage of the 19th Amendment
  • Alice Paul (1885–1977) – leader, main strategist, and inspiration for the 1910s Women’s Voting Rights Movement for the 19th Amendment; founder of the National Women’s Party; initiator of the Silent Sentinels and Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913; author of the Equal Rights Amendment
  • Juno Frankie Pierce, also known as Frankie Pierce or J. Frankie Pierce (1864-1954) – African-American suffragist
  • Helen Pitts (1838–1903) – active in women’s rights movement and co-edited The Alpha
  • Anita Pollitzer (1894–1975) – photographer, served as National Chairman in the National Woman’s Party

  • Florence Kenyon Hayden Rector (1882–1973) – first licensed female architect in the state of Ohio and the only female architect practicing in central Ohio between 1900 and 1930
  • Florida Ruffin Ridley (1861–1943) – African-American civil rights activist, suffragist, teacher, writer, and editor from Boston
  • Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin (1842–1924) – African-American publisher, journalist, civil rights leader, suffragist, and editor
  • Ruth Logan Roberts (1891-1968) – suffragist, activist, YWCA leader, and host of a salon in Harlem

  • Margaret Sanger (1879–1966) – birth control activist, sex educator, nurse, established Planned Parenthood Federation of America
  • Julia Sears (1840–1929) – pioneering academic and first woman in the US to head a public college, now Minnesota State University
  • May Wright Sewall (1844-1920) – chairperson of the National Woman’s Suffrage Association’s executive committee from 1882 to 1890
  • Anna Howard Shaw (1847–1919) – president of National Women’s Suffrage Association from 1904 to 1915
  • Mary Shaw (1854–1929) – early feminist, playwright and actress
  • Pauline Agassiz Shaw (1841-1917) – co-founder and first president of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government
  • May Gorslin Preston Slosson (1858–1943) – educator and first woman to obtain a doctoral degree in Philosophy in the United States
  • The Smiths of Glastonbury, a family of 6 women in Connectictut who were active in championing suffrage, property rights, and education for women
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815–1902) – initiator of the Seneca Falls Convention, author of the Declaration of Sentiments, co-founder National Women’s Suffrage Association, major pioneer of women’s rights in America
  • Helen Ekin Starrett (1840–1920) – Illinois Woman’s Press Association; author, educator, editor, business owner, early suffragist, and one of the two delegates from the 1869 National Convention to attend the Victory Convention in 1920
  • Doris Stevens (1892–1963) organizer for National American Women Suffrage Association and the National Woman’s Party, prominent Silent Sentinels participant, author of Jailed for Freedom
  • Lucy Stone (1818–1893) – participant in the Seneca Falls Convention, convened the first national Women’s Rights Convention in 1850, prominent orator, abolitionist, and a vocal advocate and organizer promoting rights for women

  • Helen Taft (1891–1987) – daughter of President William Howard Taft; traveled the nation giving pro-suffrage speeches
  • Lydia Taft (1712–1778) – first woman known to legally vote in colonial America
  • Carey Thomas (1857–1935) – educator, linguist, and second President of Bryn Mawr College
  • Grace Gallatin Seton Thompson (1872-1959) – American author, Woman Tenderfoot describes her horseback journey through the Rocky Mountains, directed a women’s motor unit during WWI, Vice-President of the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association
  • Dorothy Thompson (1893–1961) – Buffalo and New York activist, later journalist and radio broadcaster
  • Sojourner Truth (c. 1797-1883) -abolitionist, women’s rights activist, speaker, gave women’s rights speech “Ain’t I a Woman?”
  • Harriet Tubman (1822–1913) – African-American abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, humanitarian and Union spy during the American Civil War

  • Mina Van Winkle (1875–1932) – crusading social worker, groundbreaking police lieutenant and national leader in the protection of girls and other women during the law enforcement and judicial process
  • Mabel Vernon (1883–1975) – principal member of the Congressional Union for Women Suffrage, major organizer for the Silent Sentinels

  • Sarah E. Wall (1825–1907) – organizer of an anti-tax protest that defended a woman’s right not to pay taxation without representation
  • Rosa Welt-Straus (1856–1938) – feminist, born in Austria, first Austrian woman to earn a medical degree, first female eye doctor in Europe, immigrated to U.S., member of the American delegation to the International Woman Suffrage Alliance in 1904
  • Ruza Wenclawska (died 1977) – suffragist, trade union organizer, factory inspector
  • Frances Willard (1839–1898) – leader of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and International Council of Women, lecturer, writer
  • Victoria Woodhull (1838–1927) – leader of woman’s suffrage movement, first female candidate for President of the United States, first woman to start a weekly newspaper, activist for women’s rights and labor reforms, advocate of free love
  • Emmeline B. Wells (1828–1921) – American journalist, editor, poet, women’s rights advocate, and diarist

And THANK YOU to the thousands of other unnamed women and men who have fought for women’s right to vote, for equal rights and equal pay, and for our rights to contraception and abortion, and to the many who are still fighting today for the full equality of women.

I thank my Great Aunt Flo La Chappelle, who was one of the first women to run for office in Wyoming, the first U.S. state to give women the vote. She ran for, and won, election as Country Recorder for her county.


About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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6 Responses to Election Day 2016 – Some Thank Yous

  1. Russell says:

    And Jeanette Rankin first female congressional woman from Montana. If I recall correctly, she did not have the right to vote yet, but nothing in the constitution prevented her from being elected to office in 1916.

    A side note on Susan B. Anthony, a Quaker, was accessed a fine in the amount of $100.00 for voting. The fine was never paid even after the Supreme Court upheld the conviction. Money was not the issue as her good friends could afford the money.

    She was quite the activist, not many today could do what she did..

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    Two of the women I most admire! – Jeanette Rankin was an avowed pacifist who voted against the U.S. entry into both WWI and WWII – the only vote against WWII – both times, it she lost the next election, but never compromised her principles

    (Women had the vote in several states by 1916, including Montana, so yes Rankin could vote and hold office for her state, but was not eligible to vote in a national election until 1920)

    • Russell says:

      I love that women had the right to vote while territories but as soon as they became states, all voting privileges were taken away.

      Just like Utah, plural marriages were allowed until statehood….

    • Russell says:

      Off topic, But Prescott Bush was the only Senator that voted against WWII, but he had a vested interest in that as his company was lending the Nazis money to build factories…

      But, while sitting as a senator he had all of his assets frozen for Trading with the Enemy Act.

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