November 11th is
World Origami Day *
Pocky Day *
National Sundae Day
National Numbered Highways Day *
MORE! Vincent Van Gogh, Albert Einstein, and Barbara Boxer, click
WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS
In many countries: Armistice /Remembrance Day/Death-Duty Day – honoring soldiers, especially those who died in WWI
Angola – Independence Day
Denmark – Mortens Day
India – Guru Nanak Birthday
Latvia – Lāčplēša Day *
Poland – Independence Day *
Sursee: Cutting of the Goose *
Gansabhauet: Saint Martin’s Day *
Sint Maarten – Sint Maarten Day *
Tuvalu – Prince of Wales Birthday
United States of America – Veteran’s Day
On This Day in HISTORY
397 –St. Martin, Bishop of Tours, dies on November 8. November 11 is his feast day* Many eat goose on this date, because a honking goose revealed where he was hiding from clergy who wanted to make him Bishop. Old folklore holds that one can stand in the back of a church on Martinmas and see auras around the heads of congregants who will not be living by the next Martinmas.
1215 – 4th Lateran Council defines the doctrine of transubstantiation, the belief that bread and wine used in Communion transforms into the body and blood of Christ
1620 – The Mayflower Compact is signed by the male passengers of the Mayflower in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, establishing government based on male majority vote and allegiance to the crown.
1634 – Pressured by Anglican Bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes ‘An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.’ In 1640, Bishop Atherton and his steward are tried and executed for buggery.
1675 – Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German polymath, demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y=f (x)
1750 – Qing dynasty Ambans, commissioners sent to govern Tibet, are killed in a riot, along with the majority of Han Chinese and Manchus living in Lhasa, after the Tibetan regent is murdered. Qing Troops are sent, and quickly quell the rebellion.
1831 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged for inciting a violent slave uprising
1839 – The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) is founded in Lexington, Virginia
1851 – Alvan Clark patents a telescope
1865 – Bhutan cedes areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company in the Treaty of Sinchula
1869 – The colony of Victoria, Australia passes the ‘Aborginal Protection Act’ giving extensive powers to its Board of Protection of Aborigines, including regulation of where they could live and work, and who they could marry. While the Board did provide institutional care for some children fathered by white men and abandoned by their mothers (often the victims of sexual trafficking or rape), they also removed “half-caste” children, especially girls, from their Aboriginal families, creating the ‘Stolen Generation’
1887 – Four anarchist labor activists are executed for conspiracy to commit murder, even though there was no evidence that any of them were involved in the bombing at Haymarket Square. The ‘Haymarket Riot’ in Chicago’s Haymarket Square began as a peaceful rally supporting workers striking for an 8-hour day and mourning the police killing of six strikers. An unknown person threw a bomb at the policemen trying to disperse the public meeting, and the blast, combined with gunfire, resulted in the death of 7 police officers and at least 4 civilians, while scores of others were wounded.
1889 – The state of Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state
1918 – Józef Piłsudski is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Polish forces by the Regency Council – he proclaims an independent Polish state, celebrated as Poland’s Independence Day,* and in Austria, Emperor Charles I relinquishes power over both Austria and Hungary without abdicating, hoping the people would vote to recall him, but after the election, he and his wife eventually go into exile
1919 – Latvians defeat the Freikorps (mostly German mercenaries) at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence, celebrated as Lāčplēša Day *
1921 – U.S. President Harding dedicates the ‘Tomb of the Unknowns’ at Arlington National Cemetery
1926 – The United States Numbered Highway System * is established, coordinated by the American Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials
1930 – Albert Einstein and Leó Sziláed patent their invention, the Einstein refrigerator
1934 – The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Australia is opened
1938 – Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America” on network radio
1940 – Barbara Boxer, D-CA (1983-93) in U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. senator (1993 – will be retiring after 2016)
1960 – A military coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam is crushed
1961 – Thirteen Italian Air Force servicemen, deployed to the Congo as a part of the UN peacekeeping force are killed by a mob in Kindu
1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait
1965 – In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence
1966 – NASA launches Gemini 12, and Japan’s Ezaki Glico launches the Pocky * a chocolate-coated biscuit stick
1967 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to “new left” antiwar activist Tom Hayden
1975 – Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam, appoints Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister and announces a general election to be held in early December
1975 – Independence of Angola
1980 – The Friends of The Origami Center of America (now OrigamiUSA) is founded, sponsors of World Origami Day
1981 – Antigua and Barbuda joins the United Nations
1984 – The USS Ohio, the first Trident class submarine, is commissioned
1987 – Vincent Van Gogh’s Irises is sold for a record $53.9 million
1992 – The General Synod of the Church of England votes to ordain women priests
1993 – A sculpture honoring women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
1997 – Metallica releases its single “The Memory Remains”
1999 – The House of Lords Act is given Royal Assent, restricting membership of the British House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage.
2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
2006 – Queen Elizabeth II unveils the New Zealand War Memorial in London UK, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army
- Celebrate Origami Day
- International flags
- Saint Martin with geese
- Map of Tibet 1747
- Haymarket Riots – drawn by H. Jeannerette
- Vincent Van Gogh’s Irises – Dafenonline