ON THIS DAY: November 17, 2016

November 17th is

Great American Smokeout *great-american-smokeout-poster

Homemade Bread Day

Substitute Teachers Day *

Take a Hike Day *

Use Less Stuff Day *

World Philosophy Day *

World Prematurity Day *

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MORE! Sir Walter Raleigh, Giuseppe Verdi, and Benazir Bhutto, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Azerbaijan – Day of National Revivalinternational Flags

Czech Republic – Students’ Day *

Equatorial Guinea – Malabo Festival

Fiji – Birthday for Prince Charles

France – Beaujolais Nouveau Day

Marshal Islands – Presidents Day

Turkmenistan – Student Youth Day

Zaire – Army Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1558 – Queen Mary I of England dies, and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I

1603 – English courtier and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason


sir_walter_raleigh_quote


1777 – U.S. Articles of Confederation are submitted to the states for ratification

1800 – U.S. Congress holds first session in Washington, DC, in the partially completed Capitol building


unfinished-capitol-building-in-1800


1811 – José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, is sworn in as President of the Chilean executive Junta

1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica. The Palmer Peninsula is later named after him

1839 – Oberto, Giuseppe Verdi’s first opera, debuts at La Scala in Milan, Italy



1856 – U.S. Army builds Fort Buchanan on the Sonoita River in southern Arizona, to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase

1869 – The Suez Canal opens in Egypt, linking the Mediterranean with the Red Sea


suez-canal-opening


1870 – Winifred Holt, American sculptor and welfare worker; inspired others to the New York Association for the Blind, which later became Lighthouse International

1871 – The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York

1876 – Tchaikovsky’s Marche Slav premieres in Moscow, Russia



1880 – First 3 British women pass the exams and are awarded London University Bachelor of Arts degrees, the first university in the U.K. to admit women, beginning in 1878

1903 – Russia’s Social Democrats splits between the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks

1904 – First underwater submarine journey, Southampton, England, to the Isle of Wight

1911 – Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, the first black Greek-lettered organization is founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

1913 – The steamship Louise becomes the first ship through the Panama Canal, and
Kaiser Wilhelm bans German armed forces from dancing the tango.

1921 – The National Education Association (NEA) and the American Legion jointly sponsor the first American Education Week – Substitute Teachers Day * is part of this annual series of events to highlight the importance of education and honor educators


nea-education-week-2016


1922 – Siberia votes for union with the U.S.S.R.

1933 – The U.S. recognizes the Soviet Union

1939 – Nine Czech students are executed as a response to anti-Nazi demonstrations over the death of  medical student Jan Opletal. All Czech universities are shut down and over 1,200 students sent to concentration camps, commemorated as Students’ Day *

1947 – The Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath


mccarthyism


1962 – U.S. President Kennedy dedicates Washington’s Dulles International Airport

1970 – From a local event in Randolph MA, the Great American Smokeout * grows to become a national event sponsored by the American Cancer Society which brings attention to deadly health risks of smoking and the newest aids to quitting smoking

1980 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono’s album Double Fantasy is released



1982 – Empire State Building is added to the National Register of Historical Places

1988 – Benazir Bhutto becomes the first woman leader of an Islamic country


benazir-bhutto-quote


1989 – American Hiking Society begins sponsoring Take a Hike Day * to encourage people to discover the hundreds of miles of hiking trails in our national parks system

1991 – The Blue Man group debuts at New York’s Astor Place Theatre

1998 – Jewel releases “Spirit” and Whitney Houston releases “My Love is Your Love”




2005 – UNESCO establishes World Philosophy Day * and Robert Lilienfeld founds Use Less Stuff Day *

2008 – Prematurity Day is begun by a coalition of European organizations – in 2011, it became World Prematurity Day, * now media campaigns and events in over 60 countries

2010 – Reasearchers trap 38 antihydrogen atoms, first antimatter ever trapped

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Visuals

  • Great American Smokeout poster
  • International flags
  • Sir Walter Raleigh with Time quote
  • Unfinished U.S. Capitol building, 1800
  • Opening of the Suez Canal, 1869 – artist unreadable
  • NEA American Education Week 2016 banner
  • McCarthyism talking points
  • Benazir Bhutto with Extremism quote

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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