ON THIS DAY: November 22, 2016

November 22nd is

Humane Society Day *stop-the-violence

National Cashew Day

National Cranberry Relish Day

Start Your Own Country Day *

National Stop the Violence Day *

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MORE! Blackbeard the Pirate, Abigail Adams and Pink Floyd, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Germany – Saxony: Buss und Bettaginternational Flags
(Prayer and Repentance)

Lebanon – Independence Day

St. Lucia –  Feast of St. Cecilia

Switzerland – Repentance Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1307 – Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Knights Templar and seize their properties on behalf of the church. Clement was forced to support the campaign against the Templars by Philip IV of France, who owed them a great deal of money and initiated the first arrests of Templars in October 1307


seal_of_templars


1574 – Spanish sailor Juan Fernández finds a group of small islands off the coast of Chile, which are now collectively called Archipiélago Juan Fernández. The islands were  home to marooned sailor Alexander Selkirk for more than four years (1704-08), which probably inspired Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe


archipielago-juan-fernandez-1753


1699 – Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye signed by Denmark, Russia, Saxony and Poland calling for the partitioning of the Swedish Empire, which launched the Great Northern War, ultimately won by the anti-Swedish alliance

1710 – Composer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach is born



1718 – Off North Carolina’s coast, British pirate ‘Blackbeard’ (Edward Teach) is killed during battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard


blackbeard-the-pirate


1744 – Abigail Adams, Second U.S. First Lady and women’s rights advocate, is born

1819 – Mary Ann Evans, aka British author George Eliot, is born

1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper sailing ship Cutty Sark is launched, one of the last ever built, and the only surviving one today


cutty-sark


1880 – Lillian Russell, famed American actress-singer, makes her vaudeville debut



1899 – The Marconi Wireless Company of America is incorporated in New Jersey

1906 – The International Radio Telegraphic Convention adopts ‘SOS’ distress signal

1900 – Helena Pantaleoni born, U.S. actress, humanitarian and co-founder of U.S. Fund for UNICEF

1909 –  The “Uprising of the 20,000,” aka the New York Shirtwaist Strike, begins when Clara Lemlich, tired of hearing male speakers talk about the disadvantages of striking, takes the podium, tells of terrible working conditions, then declares the shirtwaist workers will strike. She receives a standing ovation and two days later thousands of workers walk off their jobs. (When Lemlich enters a retirement home in Los Angeles in the 196os, she persuades management to join the United Farm Workers’ boycotts of grapes and lettuce, then prods her caregivers to organize)


1909-shirtwaisr-strike


1910 – Arthur F. Knight patents a steel shaft to replace wood shafts in golf clubs

1913 – British Composer Benjamin Britten is born



1927 – Carl J. Eliason patents the snowmobile

1928 – In Paris, the premier performance of Ravel’s Boléro to great acclaim

1935 – First trans-Pacific airmail flight begins in Alameda CA, as the flying boat known as the China Clipper leaves for Manila, carrying over 110,000 pieces of mail



1943 – U.S. tennis champion Billie Jean King is born; while in Cairo, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss the defeat of Japan

1954 – Humane Society * is founded by journalist Fred Myers and Helen Jones, Larry Andrews, and Marcia Glaser, to lobby for humane slaughter, regulation of the use of  animals in laboratory experimentation, and in later years, exposing dog trafficking, regulation of pet shops, and ending puppy mills

1961 – The film of A Man for All Seasons opens in New York City



1963 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy is assassinated while riding in a motorcade with Texas Governor John B. Connally who is seriously wounded. Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th U.S. President

1965 – The musical Man of La Mancha opens on Broadway



1967 – The U.N. Security Council approves resolution 242 calling for Israel to withdraw from territories it captured in the Six Day War, and for adversaries to recognize Israel’s right to exist

1968 – The Beatles release The White Album



1970 – Operação Mar Verde/‘Operation Green Sea’ an amphibious attack on Guinea (former French colony) by Portugal fails to overthrow the government of Guinea; or capture the leader of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (Portugese colony struggling for independence) or destroy its military assets; but does succeed in rescuing Portuguese POWs taken during the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence. Portugal is condemned by the U.N. Security Council for invading the nation of Guinea, and also called upon Portugal to respect the rights to self-determination and independence of Portuguese Guinea (Guinea-Bissau since 1973)

1972 – U.S. President Nixon lifts ban on American travel to Cuba, in place since 1963

1974 – U.N. General Assembly gives Palestine Liberation Organization observer status

1975 – Juan Carlos I proclaimed King of Spain upon the death of Gen. Francisco Franco

1977 – Regular passenger service on the Concorde begins between NYC and Europe

1983 – Bundestag approves NATO deploying U.S. nuclear missiles in West Germany

1984 – Fred Rogers (Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood) presents a sweater to the Smithsonian


fred_rogers_sweater_at-smithsonian


1985 – 38,648 immigrants become U.S. citizens in the largest swearing-in ceremony yet

1986 – Attorney General Meese’s office discovers a memo in Colonel Oliver North’s office that showed money was to be sent to the Contras from profits of weapons sales to Iran

1988 – Pink Floyd releases The Delicate Sound of  Thunder



1989 – Lebanese President Rene Moawad is assassinated three weeks after taking office when a bomb explodes next to his motorcade in West Beirut

1990 – National Stop the Violence Day * founded on anniversary of President Kennedy’s assassination

1993 – Start Your Own Country Day * Couldn’t find who came up with this, but wiki’s ‘How to Start Your Own Country’ page is very entertaining – from buying your own island to creating a virtual country in cyberspace, they cover all the basics –
http://www.wikihow.com/Start-Your-Own-Country – or this shorter video version:



1994 – Prince releases The Black Album

2005 – Angela Merkel elected as Germany’s first female chancellor

2013 – Discovery of Siats meekerorum, a dinosaur skeleton over 30 feet long found in eastern Utah, is announced


siats-meekerorum-2013-discovery

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Visuals

  • Stop the Violence sticker
  • International flags
  • Seal of the Knights Templar
  • Map of Archipiélago Juan Fernández, 1753
  • Blackbeard, “lit up” for battle with ignited slow-burning fuses in his hair and beard
  • The clipper ship Cutty Sark
  • “Uprising of the 20,000,” New York Shirtwaist Strikers 1909
  • Mr. Rogers sweater at the Smithsonian
  • Head of Siats meekerorum, dinosaur skeleton over 30 feet long

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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