ON THIS DAY: November 23, 2016

November 23rd is

fibonacci-art

Global Cybercrime Awareness Day *

hot-coffeeNational Espresso Day

Fibonacci Day *

National Jukebox Day *

International Thespian Day *

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MORE! Thespis, Manuel de Falla and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Argentina – Buenos Aires:international Flags
Jazz Festival Internacional

Canada – Winnipeg MB:
Grey Cup Festival

Georgia – St. George of Iberia

Japan – Kinro Kansha no Hi
(Labor-Thanksgiving Day)

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On This Day in HISTORY

534 BC – Thespis of Icaria is the first recorded actor to portray a character onstage – International Thespian Day *


theatre-of-dionysus-eleuthereus-athens-by_xoxallie


1202 – The Fibonacci sequence, a series of numbers where a number is the sum of the two numbers before it, is named after Italian mathematician Fibonacci (Leonardo of Pisa). His 1202 book Liber Abaci introduces the sequence to Western European mathematics, but the sequence was known earlier as Virahanka numbers in Indian mathematics. November 23 is celebrated as Fibonacci Day * because the date written in the mm/dd format (11/23), forms a Fibonacci sequence: 1,1,2,3


fibonacci-in-nature


1644 – John Milton publishes Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship

1733 – Start of a slave insurrection on St. John, Danish West Indies (U.S. Virgin Islands)

1765 – Frederick County MD repudiates the British Stamp Act

1835 – Henry Burden patents the horseshoe manufacturing machine

1876 – Corrupt Tammany Hall leader Boss Tweed  (William Magear Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain

1876 – Manuel de Falla born, Spanish pianist and composer



1883 – José Clemente Orozco born, Mexican painter


jose-clemente-orozco-benitos-juarez-y-el-clero


1889 – The first Jukebox * is installed at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco


jukebox


1890 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir – a law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to succeed him

1892 – Erté is born, Russian-French illustrator and designer


erte-wings-of-victory


1903 – Enrico Caruso makes his U.S. debut at the NY Met in Rigoletto



1910 – Johan Alfred Ander becomes the last person to be executed in Sweden

1914 – Final withdrawal of U.S. forces from Veracruz Mexico, occupied 7 months earlier after the Tampico Affair causes a diplomatic rift between the two countries

1924 – Edwin Hubble’s discovery that the Andromeda nebula is actually another island universe far outside our own is first published in the New York Times

1934 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, well within Ethiopian territory, leading to the Abyssinia Crisis

1936 – LIFE magazine is reborn as a photo magazine and enjoys instant success


LIFE cover 11-23-1936, First cover w. Ft. Peck Dam.


1945 – U.S. wartime rationing of most foods ends

1948 – Dr. Frank G. Back patents the “Zoomar” lens

1946 – Mound Metalcraft changes its name to Tonka Toys Inc.

1961 – Dominican Republic changes capital’s name Ciudad Trujillo to Santo Domingo

1963 – The BBC broadcasts An Unearthly Child, first episode of the science-fiction television serial of the same name, and the first episode of Doctor Who, now the world’s longest-running science fiction drama

1970 – George Harrison’s “My Sweet Lord” is released in the U.S.



1971 – The People’s Republic of China is first seated in the UN Security Council

1972 – The musical “Pippin” opens at the Imperial Theater on Broadway



1976 – Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment

1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life imprisonment for the assassination of Earl Mountbatten

1981 – Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the CIA authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua

1986 – In Manila, Philippine president Corazon Aquino dismisses Defense Minister Enrile after discovering officers loyal to him planned a coup. All members of her cabinet tender their resignations, and she will decide which ones to accept in the following week

1992 – IBM introduces the first smartphone, Simon, at the Las Vegas NV COMDEX

1993 – Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize for Best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year (notice the prize for being the worst is twice the prize for being the best!)


whiteread_one-hundred-spaces


1998 – The tobacco industry signs the biggest U.S. civil settlement, a $206-billion deal to resolve remaining state claims for treating sick smokers

1998 – A U.S. federal judge rejects a Virginia county’s effort to block pornography on library computers, calling the attempt unconstitutional

2001 – The Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary – Global Cybercrime Awareness Day *

2005 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is elected president of Liberia, the first woman elected to lead an African country


president-ellen-johnson-sirleaf-2005


2011 –  Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, President Ali Abdullah Saleh signs a transfer of power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity

2015 – Blue Origin’s New Shepard space vehicle becomes the first rocket to fly to space and then return to Earth in a controlled, vertical landing


blue-origin-new-shepard

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Visuals

  • Fibonacci Day art
  • Cup of espresso
  • International flags
  • Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus in Athens by xoxallie
  • Fibonacci sequences in nature
  • Early Jukebox
  • First cover of LIFE photo magazine 1936
  • One Hundred Spaces by Rachel Whiteread
  • Ellen Johnson Sirleaf on inauguration day
  • Blue Origin’s New Shepard space vehicle

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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