ON THIS DAY: December 12, 2016

December 12th is

gingerbread-house

Gingerbread Decorating Day *

National Ambrosia Day

National Ding-a-Ling Day *

tincanphones
National Poinsettia Day *

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MORE! Gustave Flaubert, Edvard Munch and Dionne Warwick, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Kenya –  Uhuru Dayinternational Flags
( ‘freedom’ – independent Republic)

Mexico – Our Lady of Guadalupe Feast Day

Turkmenistan – Neutrality Day
(declaration of nation’s permanent neutrality)

United States – Brooklyn NY:
New York Festival of Song

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On This Day in HISTORY

884 – King Carloman II dies after a hunting accident. He is succeeded by his cousin, emperor Charles the Fat, who for the last time reunites the Frankish Empire

1745 –  John Jay is born, 1st Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court


john-jay-justice-quote


1787 – Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the U.S. Constitution

1800 – Washington, DC, is established as the capital of the United States

1805 –William Lloyd Garrison born, American abolitionist-suffragist, founded The Liberator newspaper, uncompromising voice for complete abolition of slavery


quote-enslave-the-liberty-of-but-one-human-william-lloyd-garrison


1821 – Gustave Flaubert is born, French author and playwright, Madame Bovary

1851 – Joel Roberts Poinsett dies, American physician, diplomat and avid amateur botanist, the first U.S. Minister to Mexico. He sends samples of a Mexican plant to the U. S. which by 1836 is widely known as the “poinsettia” – December 12 becomes National Poinsettia Day * in 2002, to honor both Poinsett, and Paul Ecke, whose development of the Poinsettia makes it a U.S. holiday tradition


poinsettias


1863 – Edvard Munch is born, Norwegian painter and illustrator


the-scream-edvard-munch


1875 – The Gingerbread * Man becomes traditional holiday fare when a fairytale is published in Saint Nicholas magazine about him, in which he is eventually eaten by a hungry fox. Making gingerbread houses becomes popular after the Brothers Grimm publish Hansel and Gretel, because the witch’s house they find in the forest is made of sugar, candy and gingerbread

1887 – Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer and cellist



1897 – Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded

1899 – George Grant patents the wooden golf tee

1901 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal (the letter “S” in Morse Code), at Signal Hill in St John’s, Newfoundland

1911 – Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India; and British King George V and Queen Mary are enthroned as Emperor and Empress of India


king-george-v-and-queen-mary-enthroned-as-emperor-and-empress-of-india


1915 – President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai, after reinstating many elements of Confucianism so he can performs ritual as de facto head of the old state religion, convenes a hand-picked “Representative Assembly” which votes unanimously to reinstate the monarchy and offers him the throne on November 20, 1915. On December 12, he proclaims himself Emperor of China, which sets off the ‘National Protection War’


yuan-shikai-would-be-emperor-of-china


1917 – In Nebraska, Father Edward J. Flanagan founds Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys

1918 – Joe Williams is born, American jazz singer and pianist



1925 – The Majlis (parliament) of Iran votes to crown Reza Khan as the new Shah of Iran, starting the Pahlavi dynasty

1928 – Helen Frankenthaler is born, modern American painter


helen-frankenthaler-sitting-amidst-her-art-in-her-new-york-city-studio-photographed-by-gordon-parks-for-life-magazine-ca-1956-2


1929 – John Osborne is born, English playwright-screenwriter – Look Back in Anger

1935 – Lebensborn (‘fount of life’) Project is founded by Heinrich Himmler to raise the birth rate of  ‘Aryan’ children through extramarital relations with unmarried women classified as “racially pure and healthy” by the Nazi regime whose children would be put up for adoption by approved families

1937 – Philip Ledger is born, English pianist-composer-choral director



1940 – Dionne Warwick born, American singer, U.N. Goodwill Ambassador (2002)



1941 – Adolf Hitler declares the imminent extermination of the Jews at a meeting with the highest-ranking officials of the Nazi party in his private rooms in the Reich Chancellery – no official record was kept, but Joseph Goebbels and Hans Frank both wrote about it in their diaries

1945 – Tony Williams is born, American Jazz drummer, a pioneer in jazz fusion



1946 – A United Nations committee votes to accept a six-block tract of Manhattan real estate to be the site of the UN’s headquarters, offered as a gift by John D. Rockefeller Jr.

1951 – Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the U.S., leads services for the Temple Beth Israel congregation in Meridian, Mississippi

1955 – Bill Haley and the Comets record “See You Later Alligator”



1956 – Beginning of the Irish Republican Army’s “Border Campaign” of guerrilla warfare against targets in Northern Ireland, aimed at overthrowing British rule

1957 – Sheila E. is born, American singer-songwriter-drummer



1963 – Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom

1964 – Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta becomes first President of the Republic of Kenya; and The Righteous Brothers release “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feeling”

1970 – Steven Stills releases “Love The One You’re With”



1971 – The Ding-A-Ling clubs starts National Ding-A-Ling Day * as a day to rekindle old friendships by calling people not seen or heard from in years

1975 – Sara Jane Moore pleads guilty to trying to assassinate U.S. President Ford

1979 – The unrecognized state of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia returns to British control and resumes using the name Southern Rhodesia

1982 – 20,000 women encircle Greenham Common air base in Britain to protest against proposed placing U.S. Cruise missiles there

1989 – Leona Helmsley, ‘the Queen of Mean’ is fined $7 million and sentenced to four years in prison for tax evasion

1991 – The Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR

1992 – Nirvana releases their album “Incesticide”



1995 – The U.S. Senate stopped a constitutional amendment giving Congress authority to outlaw flag burning and other forms of desecration against the American flag

1997 – The U.S. Justice Department orders Microsoft to sell its Internet browser separately from the Windows OS to prevent a monopoly of Web access programs

2000 – The Republican-appointed majority on the U.S. Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore, halting the vote recount in Florida, and giving the election to George W. Bush


headline_supreme-court-hands-bush-presidency


2001 – The U.S. House of Representatives passes legislation to implement minimum federal election standards and provide funding to help states modernize voting systems

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Visuals

  • Kids on can-and-string phones
  • Gingerbread house with gingerbread man
  • International flags
  • Chief Justice John Jay with justice quote
  • Red Poinsettias
  • Yuan Shikai, would-be Emperor of China
  • Helen Frankenthaler-sitting-amidst-her-art-in-her-NYC-studio, photographed by Gordon Parks for LIFE magazine circa 1956
  • St. Petersburg Times headline on Supreme Court ruling in 2000 election

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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