ON THIS DAY: January 4, 2017

January 4th is

world-braille-day-january-4th

Hypnotism Day *

Spaghetti Day

Pop Music Chart Day *

Trivia Day

World Braille Day *

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MORE! Solomon Northup, Louis Braille and Nancy Pelosi, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Angola – Day of Martyrs of the Colonial Repressioninternational Flags

Myanmar – Independence Day

Republic of the Congo – Martyrs’ Day

United States –
Palm Springs CA: International Film Festival
Boston MA:
Tower Hill Botanic Gardens
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Winter Reimagined
New York NY:
Another Experiment by
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Women Film Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

1642 – English King Charles I arrives with soldiers to arrest five members of Parliament, accused by the king of treasonous collusion with the invading Scots army to put pressure on the Crown to accede to Parliament’s demands for reforms – but the five were forewarned, and had slipped away by boat – this unprecedented invasion of the House of Commons by an English sovereign to arrest its members turned Parliament completely against him, and they quickly seized control of London, forcing Charles to flee the capital

1643 – Sir Isaac Newton born, English physicist-mathematician-astronomer, law of gravitation; Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica; ‘father of modern science’


isaac-newton-shoulders-of-giants-quote


1649 – The ‘Rump’ Parliament, purged of any members opposed to trying English King Charles I for high treason, pass an ordinance to set up a High Court of Justice to try Charles in the name of the people of England

1710 – Giovanni Battista Pergolesi is born, Italian comic opera composer



1717 – The Dutch Republic, France and Great Britain sign the Triple Alliance treaty which makes them allies against Spain’s growing power

1729 – Johann Friedrich Agricola born, German composer and music theorist



1746 – Benjamin Rush is born, American physician, politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence

1785 – Jacob Grimm born; with his brother Wilhelm co-author of Grimm’s Fairy Tales  

1797 – William Beer born, German astronomer who made the first map of the Moon

1809 – Louis Braille * born, French educator-inventor, created Braille system which enables the blind to read and write


louis-braille-alphabet


1813 – Sir Isaac Pitman born, English educator, advocate for spelling reform and inventor of the Pitman shorthand system


pitman_consonants


1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver to the U.S. government

1853 – After being kidnapped and sold into slavery in the American South, Solomon Northup regains his freedom; his memoir Twelve Years a Slave will become a bestseller

1863 – James Plimpton of New York patents the four-wheeled roller skate

1865 – The New York Stock Exchange opens its first fixed headquarters near Wall Street

1874 – Josef Suk born, Czech composer, noted for instrumental compositions



1884 – The Fabian Society, dedicated to advancing the principles of democratic socialism via gradual reform efforts in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow, is founded in London UK; named for the Roman general  Fabius Maximus (nicknamed “Cunctator”, meaning the “Delayer”) whose Fabian strategy  against Hannibal’s Carthaginian army of wearing the enemy down by harassment and attrition rather than head-on battles ultimately brought victory

1885 – Dr. William Grant performs the first successful appendectomy on Mary Gartside

1889 – It is announced that the Oklahoma Land Run, opening two million acres of Oklahoma Territory to ‘first come first serve’ settlers will take place on April 22, 1889

1895 – Leroy R. Grumman born, American aeronautical engineer, Grumman Aircraft

1896 – Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state; and Everett M. Dirksen (R-IL) is born, Republican leader of the Senate from 1959-1969; noted orator and wheeler-dealer



1912 – The Boy Scouts Association is incorporated throughout the British Empire by royal charter; now called the Scouts Association

1928 – NBC Radio debuts The Dodge Victory Hour, one of radio’s earliest variety shows, which stars Will Rogers, Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra and singer Al Jolson

1935 – Bob Hope is heard for the first time on network radio on The Intimate Revue

1936 – First Pop Music national sales chart * is published by Billboard magazine -Top three: “Stop, Look and Listen” – Joe Venuti and orchestra; “Quicker Than You Can Say” – Ozzie Nelson and orchestra; and “The Music Goes Round” – Tommy Dorsey and orchestra 

1948 – Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom

1950 – RCA Victor announces it will manufacture long-playing (LP) records

1953 – Ichthyologist J.L.B. Smith of Rhodes University, South Africa, examines a rare 120- pound Coelacanth, the oldest known living lineage of Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish and tetrapods), caught in the Comoros Islands by the crew of Captain Eric Hunt’s schooner; a species thought extinct until a specimen was discovered in 1938 by Museum curator Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer


COELACANTH SCIENTIFIC STUDY


1954 – Four days before his 19th birthday, Elvis Presley records”I’ll Never Stand in Your Way”



1958 – Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit

1959 – Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon

1962 – Gene McDaniels records “Point of No Return”



1965 – In his State of the Union address, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson outlines the goals of his “Great Society”

1972 – Rose Heilbron becomes Britain’s first female judge, at London’s Old Bailey

1974 – United States President Richard Nixon refuses to hand over materials subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee

1991 – The U.N. Security Council votes unanimously to condemn Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians in the occupied territories

2005 – First Hypnotism Day * is sponsored by the National Guild of Hypnotists

2007 – The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history


nancy-pelosi


2010 – The world’s newest ‘tallest tower’ opens in Dubai UAE, the Burj Dubai, over 2,700 feet tall
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Visuals

  • World Braille Day poster
  • International flags
  • Sir Isaac Newton – shoulders of giants quote
  • The Braille alphabet
  • Pitman shorthand consonants
  • Ichthyologist J.L.B. Smith with rare 120- pound Coelacanth
  • Nancy Pelosi

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: January 4, 2017

  1. Some current politicians should take heed of what happened to Charlie the First when he overstepped. A cautionary tale.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Unfortunately, our Legislative branch is in cahoots with the man-who-thinks-he’s-king, and our Judicial branch will be too in short order. And the heir-to-the-Oval Office is even more deadly.

      The U.S.A. is screwed, blued ‘n tattooed

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