ON THIS DAY: January 15, 2017

January 15th is

National Hat Day *

world-religion-day-2017

Fresh-Squeezed Juice Day

Humanitarian Day *

Strawberry Ice Cream Day

strawberry-ice-cream

World Religion Day *

World Snow Day

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MORE!  Molière, Sofia Kovalevskaya and Harry Truman, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

India – Indian Army Day *
Tamil Nadu: Thirualluvar Day
. . (honors celebrated poet-philisopher)international Flags
Andhra Pradesh: Kanuma Panduga

. . (Lord Krishna’s victory over Indra)

Malawi – John Chilembwe Day
. . (hero of Malawi independence)

Peru – Huancavelica:
Fiesta del Niño Perdido y los negritos
. . (festival of the “lost” child named Jesus and the black slaves)

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On This Day in HISTORY

588 BC – Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon begins a two-year siege of Jerusalem

1535 – King Henry VIII declares himself the head of the English Church


henry-viii-by-holbein-the-younger-circa-1537


1541 –  Francis I of France gives Jean-François de La Rocque de Roberval a commission to settle the province of Canada and provide for the spread of the “Holy Catholic faith” along with some funds and three ships for the expedition

1559 – Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England in London’s Westminster Abbey

1622 – Molière, France’s great comic playwright, is born as Jean-Baptiste Poquelin;
The Misanthrope, Tartuffe, The Miser, The Imaginary Invalid


moliere-quote


1624 – Viceroy of New Spain Don Diego Carrillo de Mendoza is nearly killed in a riot in Mexico City during his dispute with Archbishop of Mexico Juan Pérez de la Serna, which   resulted in the Archbishop issuing a general interdiction, closing all the churches in the capital, and ordering clerics to ride on horseback through the city shouting “¡Muera el mal gobierno!” (Death to bad government!)

1639 – The Fundamental Orders are adopted by the Connecticut Colony council, a precursor to written constitutions in the American colonies. The preamble was a covenant that bound Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield to be governed in all civil matters by the 11 orders (laws) in the document, which limited holders of the office of governor to serving once every two years. There was no religious test for voting elibility or reference to the authority of the crown, but voting rights were restricted to freemen – women, slaves and indentured servants were excluded

1754 – Richard Martin born, Irish activist against animal cruelty, co-founder of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

1759 – The British Museum opens. In 1753, Sir Hans Sloane had bequeathed his collection of  71,000 objects, including 40,000 printed books, 7,000 manuscripts, extensive natural history specimens including 337 volumes of dried plants, prints and drawings, to King George II, for the nation, for the sum of £20,000, which became the initial core of the Museum’s permanent collection


british-museum-reading-room


1779 – Jean Coralli born, French dancer-choreographer, co-creator of Giselle


 


1780 – Continental Congress establishes the ‘Court of Appeals’

1782 – Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris appears before the U.S. Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage

1799 – Hat Day *: John Hetherington, a London haberdasher, creates the “stovepipe” Top Hat and wears it in public – people crowding to see it cause “a breach of the peace”


stovepipe-hats


1811 – Abigail Kelley Foster born, American abolitionist-feminist orator-reform lecturer

1831 – The first U.S. built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes its first run in Charleston SC

1836 – Constance Faunt Le Roy Runcie born, American pianist-composer and author

1844 – University of Notre Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana

1850 – Sofia Kovalevskaya born, first Russian female mathematician, one of the first woman editors of a scientific journal


sofia-kovalevskaya-quote


1861 – Elisha Otis patents the steam elevator

1870 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast, the first recorded use of a donkey to symbolize the Democratic Party, appears in Harper’s Weekly


thomas-nast-democratic-donkey


1878 – Johanna Müller-Hermann born, Austrian composer



1893 – Ivor Novello born, Welsh singer-songwriter and theatrical matinée idol



1895 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen born, Finnish chemist, 1945 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

1909 – Gene Krupa born, American drummer-composer



1918 – Gamal Abdel Nasser born, second President of Egypt (1956-1970)

1920 – The ‘Dry Law’ goes into effect in the U. S.; selling liquor or beer becomes illegal

1923 – Ivor Cutler born, Scottish songwriter-poet-humorist



1929 – Martin Luther King Jr. born, American civil rights leader, 1964 Nobel Peace Prize recipient

1929 – Ida Lewis “Queen Ida” Guillory, American accordion player, first female accordion player to lead a Zydeco band



1936 – The first all glass, windowless building is completed, new home of the Owens-Illinois Glass Company Laboratory in Toledo OH

1943 – Work is completed on the Pentagon, headquarters for what was the U. S. Department of War, but renamed the Department of Defense in 1949; it covers 34 acres of land and has 17 miles of corridors

1949 – Indian Army Day *: Lt General Cariappa takes over as Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from British General Sir Francis Butcher

1950 – The first World Religion Day *: an interfaith celebration to encourage peace by highlighting the spiritual principles shared by the world’s religions – started by the U.S. National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís after some local American Bahá’í groups held successful interfaith events beginning in 1947

1953 – Harry Truman is the first U.S. President to give his farewell on both radio and television as he leaves office

1955 – In Tucson AZ, Raymond Bliss builds the first solar-heated, radiation-cooled house at a cost of $4,000, compared to a U.S. average home price in 1955 of $22,000

1965 – The Who’s first single is released, “I Can’t Explain”



1973 – President Nixon suspends military action in North Vietnam, while peace talks between U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese leader Le Duc Tho continue in Paris

1990 – Campbell’s Soup produces its 20 billionth can of tomato soup

1993 – An historic disarmament ceremony ended with the last of 125 countries signing a treaty in Paris banning chemical weapons

2003 – U.S. Supreme Court rules Congress can repeatedly extend copyright protection

2006 – NASA’s Stardust space probe mission’s sample return capsule arrives back on Earth with comet dust from comet Wild 2

2008 – After six years of study, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rules that meat and milk from cloned animals and their offspring is safe and does not need to be labelled as derived from cloned animals

2009 – The first Humanitarian Day * founded to honor Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and those he has inspired on Dr. King’s birthday


mlk-dream
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Visuals

  • Strawberry Ice Cream
  • World Religion Day
  • International flags
  • Henry VIII by Holbein the younger circa 1537
  • Molière – ills of mankind
  • The British Museum’s reading room
  • Stovepipe hats
  • Sofia Kovalevskaya – quote about mathematicians
  • Thomas Nast’s Democratic donkey
  • Martin Luther King Jr. – dream quote

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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