ON THIS DAY: January 17, 2017

January 17th is

popeye-the-sailor-with-olive

Cable Car Day *

cable-car-sf

Kid Inventors’ Day *

Ditch New Year’s Resolutions Day

International Mentoring Day

No More Fad Diets Day

Popeye the Sailor Day *

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MORE! Catherine Booth, Betty White and Michelle Obama, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bulgaria – Antonovdeninternational Flags
(St Anton’s name day)

Democratic Republic of the Congo –
Patrice Lumumba Day *

India – Tamil Nadu:
G. Ramachandran Birth Centenary *

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On This Day in HISTORY

395 – Theodosius I, Roman Emperor, dies at the age of 48, leaving rule of the Roman Empire divided so his son Arcadius rules the eastern half, while his younger brother Honorius is to rule in the west, even though he is only 10 years old – the Empire was never again united

1377 – The Papal See moves back to Rome from Avignon, France


palace-of-the-popes-at-avignon


1524 – Giovanni da Verrazzano sets sail westward from Madeira to find a sea route to the Pacific Ocean

1562 – In France, Catherine de’ Medici promulgates the Edict of Saint-Germain to recognize the Huguenots, giving limited guarantees of freedom of conscience and private worship, but the Parlement of Paris made remonstrances to the crown concerning conflicts with previous laws, delaying its ratification until after the Massacre of Vassy: on March 1, 63 Huguenots armed only with stones, are killed and their place of worship burned, beginning the French Wars of Religion

1600 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright and poet, is born


pedro-calderon-de-la-barca


1648 – In response to hearing that Charles I is entering an engagement with the Scots, England’s Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with the king, which leads to the second phase of the English Civil War

1659 – Antonio Veracini, Italian violinist and composer, is born



1706 – Benjamin Franklin is born, American statesman-scientist-inventor-author, U.S. ‘Founding Father’ – Kid Inventors’ Day * is celebrated on his birthday because Franklin invented the first swim flippers when he was 12 years old!


ben-franklin-kid-inventors-day


1728 – Johann Gottfried Müthel, German composer, is born



1734 – François-Joseph Gossec, French composer and conductor, is born



1773 – Captain James Cook’s expedition becomes first to sail south of Antarctic Circle

1795 – The Dudingston Curling Society is organized in Edinburgh, Scotland

1806 – James Madison Randolph, grandson of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, is the first child born in the Executive Mansion, now called the White House

1829 – Catherine Booth is born, co-founder of the Salvation Army

1852 – Great Britain signs the Sand River Convention, recognizing the independence of the South African Republic

1863 – David Lloyd George born, British Liberal politician, U.K. Prime Minister (1916-1922), spearheaded creation of Britain’s social welfare system; led U.K. during WWI

1863 – Konstantin Stanislavski born, Russian director-actor; creator of the Stanislaski system of actor training, preparation and rehearsal technique; co-founder of the Moscow Art Theatre, where he directed several premieres of play by Anton Checkov and Maxim Gorky; author ,  An Actor Prepares and Building a Character

1871 – Cable Car Day * : Andrew Smith Hallidie receives first cable car railway patent

1886 – Glenn Martin, American aviation pioneer, is born; his company, which produced the WWI MB-1 and MB-2 bombers, would later merge with Lockheed


wwi-mb2-bomber


1893 – Lorrin A. Thurston, along with the so-called Citizens’ Committee of Public Safety and U.S. troops sent to “protect” Americans, overthrows the Kingdom of Hawaii and the government of Queen Liliʻuokalani

1899 – Nevil Shute born, English engineer and novelist; On the Beach

1900 – Yaqui Indians in Texas proclaim their independence from Mexico

1912 – English explorer Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole, only to discover that Norwegian Roald Amundsen had beaten him there by a month. Scott and his party die during the return trip

1914 – William Stafford born, American poet and pacifist, the 20th Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (1970)

1917 – Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran * (dubbed MGR) is born, Indian actor and politician, Chief Minister of the Indian state Tamil Nadu (1977-1987)

1917 – The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands

1922 – Betty White born, American actress, TV personality and animal rights activist


betty-white-and-friends-bookcover


1929 – Popeye makes his first public appearance in Elzie Segar’s then 10-year-old comic strip, Thimble Theatre, which originally revolved around Olive Oyl’s family

1934 – Ferdinand Porsche submits design for a people’s car, a “Volkswagen,” to the new German Reich government

1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved thousands of Jews in Hungary from the Holocaust during WWII, is detained by SMERSH, Soviet Red Army counter-intelligence, on suspicion of espionage, and disappears

1946 – The UN Security Council holds its first session

1949 – Anita Borg born, American computer scientist; pioneer in email communication; founder of Systers, the Institute for Women and Technology, and the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing

1959 – Susanna Hoffs, singer-songwriter, co-founder of The Bangles



1964 – Michele Obama, American lawyer and college dean, first African-American First Lady


michele-obama


1961 –  U.S. President Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military–industrial complex” as well as the dangers of massive deficit spending

1961 – Patrice Lumumba * killed, independence leader, first democratically elected Congolese prime minister, arrested during a coup d’état, he was imprisoned, starved, beaten and tortured, then finally driven to an isolated location and shot to death with two others

1992 – During a visit to South Korea, Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa  apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II

1996 – The Czech Republic applies to the European Union for membership

1997 – An Irish court grants the first divorce in the Catholic country’s history

2001 – During an electricity crisis, California uses rolling blackouts, cutting power to hundreds of thousands

2007 – The Doomsday Clock is set at five minutes to midnight because of North Korea’s nuclear testing

2012 – Kelly Clarkson single “Stronger (What Doesn’t Kill You)” released in the U.S.

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Visuals

  • San Francisco Cable Car
  • Popeye the Sailor and Olive Oyl
  • International flags
  • The Palace of the Popes at Avignon
  • Pedro Calderón de la Barca, with victory quote
  • Ben Franklin and Kid Inventors’ Day
  • WWI Martin MB-2 bomber
  • Betty and Friends bookcover
  • Michelle Obama speaking

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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