ON THIS DAY: February 3, 2017

February 3rd is

Carrot Cake Daynational-women-physician-day

Bubble Gum Day *

Give Kids a Smile Day *

National Wear Red Day *

The Day the Music Died *

Four Chaplains Memorial *

National Women Physician Day *
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MORE! Felix Mendelssohn, Elizabeth Blackwell and Eric Holder, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Honduras – Our Lady of Suyapa
(Virgin of Suyapa statue paraded)international Flags

Japan – Setsubun
(Shinto/day before spring)

Mozambique – Heroes’ Day

Paraguay – San Blaise Day

Sao Tome and Principe – Batepá Martyr’s Day *

Vietnam – Communist Party Founding Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

1377 – ‘The Cesena Bloodbath’ – During the War of the Eight Saints, between a coalition of Italian city-states led by Florence and the Papal states, over 2000 civilians in the coalition city of  Cesena are massacred by the Papal Condottieri

1468 – Johannes Gutenberg dies, revolutionary inventor of moveable type printing, inspired by the screw presses used in winemaking

1488 –  Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, the first known European to travel so far south


bartolomeu-dias


1690 – Massachusetts colony issues first paper money in the Americas to pay soldiers

1736 – Johann Georg Albrechtsberger is born, Austrian composer



1783 – Spain recognizes U.S. independence from Britain

1787 – A militia army, funded by Massachusetts merchants, led by American Revolution Major General Benjamin Lincoln surprises the remaining insurgents of Shay’s Rebellion, a protest against high taxes, aggressive debt collection and political corruption, the last real engagement of the rebellion

1809 – The territory of Illinois is created

1809 – Felix Mendelssohn is born, German Romantic composer



1811 – Horace Greeley is born, American founder and editor of the New York Tribune

1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell born in Bristol England, becomes the first woman in the United States to graduate from medical school and earn a medical degree, abolitionist and women’s rights activist; founds the N.Y. Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children, which also serves as a nursing training facility, sending a number of nurses to Dorothea Dix while she was Superintendent of Army Nurses during the Civil War


e-blackwell-quote

 


1842 – Sydney Lanier born, American composer and poet

1869 – Edwin Booth opens his new theatre in New York City, with a production of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet 


edwin-booth


1874 – Gertrude Stein born, expat American literary stylist and art collector in Paris


gertrude-stein-quote


1894 – Norman Rockwell is born, American painter and illustrator


the-problem-we-all-live-with-norman-rockwell


1901 – The U.S. Army Nurse Corps becomes a permanent organization

1909 – Simone Weil born, French labor organizer and philosopher-mystic


simone-weil-quote


1911 – Jehan Alain born, French composer and organist



1913 – 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ratified, giving Congress the power to levy taxes on income.  In 1913 less than 1% of the population paid income tax at the rate of 1%. Before this taxes were mostly on food and merchandise sales

1916 – Cafe Voltaire opens in Zurich, Switzerland, a meeting place for a group that started the Dada movement

1917 – The U.S. breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany, after it announces a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare

1918 – San Francisco’s Twin Peaks Tunnel, the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet, begins service

1927 – President Coolidge signs a bill to authorize the Federal Radio Commission

1930 – Gillian Ayres born, English abstract painter


gillian-ayres_antony_and_cleopatra


1935 – Johnny “Guitar” Watson born, American blues and funk singer-songwriter



1941 – Jimmy Dorsey and his orchestra record “Amapola”



1943 – Four Chaplains Memorial Day * When U.S. troop transport ship Dorchester was torpedoed by a German submarine in the icy waters between Newfoundland and Greenland, the four chaplains aboard, Lt. George L. Fox, Methodist; Lt. Alexander D. Goode, Jewish; Lt. John P. Washington, Roman Catholic; and Lt. Clark V. Poling, Dutch Reformed, gave their own life jackets to save four soldiers, and went down with the ship, standing together offering prayers

1946 – The first issue of Holiday magazine is published

1947 – Percival Prattis is the first black news correspondent admitted to the House and Senate press gallery in Washington DC, working for Our World in New York City

1951 – The Rose Tattoo, by Tennessee Williams, opens on Broadway


the-rose-tattoo-1951-broadway-production-maureen-stapleton-and-eli-wallach


1953 – Batepá Massacre *: Portuguese colonial authorities try to impress Forros, descendants of freed slaves, into forced labor; when they resist, hundreds are killed

1959 – The Day the Music Died *  Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens & J.P. Richardson (The Big Bopper) are killed in a plane crash near Mason City, Iowa



1960 – Frank Sinatra garners the nickname “ The Chairman of the Board” when he forms Reprise Records, and serves as its CEO

1969 – At the Palestinian National Congress in Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed leader of the P.L.O.

1971 – Apollo 14 astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr. and Edgar D. Mitchell land on the lunar surface during the third successful manned mission to the moon

1972 – The Winter Olympics open in Sapporo, Japan

1988 – U.S. House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan’s request for more than $36 million in aid to the Nicaraguan Contras

1989 – South African State President P.W. Botha suffers a stroke, forcing him to resign leadership of the ruling National Party, then as president; succeeded by F.W. de Klerk

1994 – Space shuttle Discovery blasts off with a woman, USAF Lt. Col. Eileen Collins, in the pilot’s seat for the first time


eileen-collins


2003 – The first National Wear Red Day * started by the American Heart Association as part of its ongoing educational efforts about the risks of heart disease and stroke facing American women

2003 – Give Kids a Smile Day * is launched by the American Dental Association Foundation, which funds giving dental services to underserved children at no cost to their families

2006 – Bubble Gum Day * is launched by children’s book author Ruth Spiro; Bubble-Gum Artist; each year, a different worthy cause is chosen to receive the money raised by the Bubble Gum Day events and programs; for 2017, it goes to World Read Aloud Day literacy campaign

2009 – Eric Holder is sworn in as the first African American U.S. Attorney General


eric-holder_sworn-in-as-us-atty-gen


2010 – The Alberto Giacometti sculpture L’Homme qui marche sells for $103.7 million

2015 – The British House of Commons votes to approve scientists creating babies from the DNA of three people

2016 – National Women Physician Day * is launched on Elizabeth Blackwell’s birthday by the Physician Mother Group (PMG) a support group for women doctors to collaborate and support each other as the face the daunting challenge of balancing their medical and family commitments
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Visuals

  • National Women Physician Day poster
  • International flags
  • Map of route and Bartolomeu Dias
  • Elizabeth Blackwell with society quote
  • Edwin Booth
  • Gertrude Stein with America quote
  • “The Problem We All Live With” by Norman Rockwell
  • Simone Weil with Grace quote
  • “Anthony and Cleopatra” by Gillian Ayres
  • The Rose Tattoo 1951 Broadway production with Maureen Stapleton and Eli Wallach
  • Lt. Col. Eileen Collins
  • Eric Collins sworn in as Attorney General

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

8 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 3, 2017

  1. Russell says:

    I love my carrot cake. My doctor is female, she is great. I felt good when I went, just a regular checkup. However, flu has been abundant here. I too came down with it, coincidence, probably. I still like my doctor. And I still eat my carrot cake.

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    Sorry you got the flu – it’s a lot more widespread this year than it was last year.

    I found out while researching this post that George Washington liked carrot cake.

  3. Russell says:

    I am more partial to the Franklin or Grant. If I could figure out how to get a Chase it’d tickle me pink.

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