ON THIS DAY: February 10, 2017

February 10th is

plimsoll-line

Plimsoll Day *

Umbrella Day *

Cream Cheese Brownie Day

cream-cheese-brownies

‘All the News That’s Fit to Print’ Day *
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MORE! Samuel Plimsoll, Edith Clarke and Hosni Mubarak, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bolivia –  Oruro: Carnaval de Oruro
(combines Diablada dance with Candalaria)international Flags

India – Uttar Pradesh: Guru Ravidas Jayanti

Iran – Islamic Revolution Anniversary

Malta – Feast of St. Paul’s Shipwreck
(Malta’s patron saint shipwrecked there 60 AD)

Sri Lanka – Navam Full Moon Poya Day
(celebrates first post-Buddha Buddhist Council)
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On This Day in HISTORY

1258 – Baghdad falls to Mongols led by Hulagu Khan; a Mongol taboo forbids spilling a royal ruler’s blood, so ten days later Caliph Al-Musta’sim is wrapped in a carpet and trampled to death by horses; the rest of his family are executed, except his youngest son who is sent to Mongolia, and a daughter who became a slave in Hulagu’s harem

1306 – Robert the Bruce and his men murder John ‘Red’ Comyn, a rival for the throne of Scotland who had betrayed Bruce’s plotting against English rule to Edward I, in front of the high altar of Greyfriar’s Church in Dumfries


death_of_comyn


1355 – The St. Scholastica Day riot in Oxford, England, begins with a dispute between two students and the taverner of Swindlestock Tavern over the quality of drinks that escalates into a fight, then armed clashes between locals and students in a riot lasting two days which left 63 scholars and 30 locals dead. A special charter is created which forces the mayor and town councilors to march bareheaded through the streets every February 10th and pay the University a fine of one penny for each scholar killed, a total of 5s, 3d, which continues for 470 years until the mayor in 1825 refuses to take part. On February 10, 1955, an act of conciliation awards the Mayor an honorary degree and the Vice-Chancellor is made  an Honorary Freeman

1567 – Lord Darnley, second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, is found strangled following an explosion at the Kirk o’ Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland

1609 – Sir John Suckling born, Cavalier poet, inventor of the game Cribbage


sir-john-suckling-book


1696 – Johann Melchior Molter born, German violinist and composer



1763 – The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War; France cedes Quebec to Great Britain

1775 – Charles Lamb born, English poet-essayist; co-author Tales from Shakespeare


charles-lamb-quote


1824 – Plimsoll Day * Samuel Plimsoll born, English MP for Derby, social reformer; author of Our Seamen, which led to amending the Merchant Shipping Act, requiring ship hulls to be marked with a load line, dubbed the Plimsoll line, showing the maximum amount of the ship’s hull allowed to be underwater, so there’s enough freebroad (the part of the hull above water) to prevent overloading the vessel; as honorary president of the National Sailors’ and Firemen’s Union, he also campaigned to stop overcrowding on cattle-ships; Plimsoll shoes are named after the Plimsoll lines on ships because of the line of rubber that marries the rubber sole to the canvas upper

1842 – Agnes Mary Clerke born, Irish astronomer and author; wrote biographies of famous scientists for the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica; A Popular History of Astronomy during the Nineteenth Century is her best known work

1870 – The Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) initiates typewriter and sewing machine instruction for women, and the first employment bureau for women

1881 – Pauline Brunius born, Swedish actress and director, managing director of the Royal Dramatic Theatre (1938-1948)

1883 – Edith Clarke born; orphaned at 12, she uses her inheritance to study mathematics and astronomy at Vassar College, graduating in 1908. After a teaching job, and working as a “computer” for George Campbell at AT&T, in 1918 she goes to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the following year she becomes the first woman to earn an M.S. in electrical engineering from MIT. Unable to find work as an engineer because no one would hire a woman, she  returns to “computing” but as a supervisor, and in her spare time, invents the Clarke Calculator which solves line equations involving hyperbolic functions ten times faster than previous methods –  patents it in 1925. First woman to: deliver a paper at the American Institute of Electrical Engineers; win the AIEE Best National Paper Prize (1941); write an influential textbook in the field of power engineering, Circuit Analysis of A-C Power Systems; first woman professor of electrical engineering in the U.S.(1947), at University of Texas at Austin; first female Fellow of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers – She certainly persisted.


edith_clarke_quote


1890 – Fanya Kaplan born in what is now Ukraine; at 16 is arrested for taking part in a Socialist Revolutionaries’ bomb plot and sentenced to life at the katorga (hard-labor prison camps); in Siberia, she is stripped naked and severely caned,  loses her sight (partially restored later); released when after the February Revolution in 1917, but suffering from continuous headaches and bouts of blindness; becomes disillusioned with Lenin, considers him “a traitor to the Revolution” and attempts to assassinate him on August 30, 1918, wounding but not killing him; his health is impaired, leading ot the series of strikes which eventually killed him in 1924. Her only statement: “My name is Fanya Kaplan. Today I shot Lenin. I did it on my own. I will not say from whom I obtained my revolver. I will give no details. I had resolved to kill Lenin long ago. I consider him a traitor to the Revolution. I was exiled to Akatui for participating in an assassination attempt against a Tsarist official in Kiev. I spent 11 years at hard labour. After the Revolution, I was freed. I favoured the Constituent Assembly and am still for it.” Executed on September 3, 1918

1890 – Boris Pasternak born, major Russian poet-novelist, Nobel Laureate (1958) primarily for Doctor Zhivago, which was rejected for publication in the USSR, but is smuggled to Milan, Italy and published in 1957; the Soviet government forced Pasternak to decline the Nobel Prize, but his descendants accept in his name in 1988


quote-they-don-t-ask-much-of-you-boris-pasternak


1897 – John Franklin Enders born, American virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (1954)

1897 – ‘All the News That’s Fit to Print’ Day * – The motto of the New York Times moves from the Editorial Page to the Front Page

1898 – Bertold Brecht born, German playwright, theatre director and poet; developed ‘Epic Theatre’ a modernist form of theatre as a forum for political ideas


bertolt-brecht-truth-quote


1899 – Umbrella Day * John Warren files a patent for an improved folding umbrella

1905 – Chick Webb born, American drummer and bandleader; gave Ella Fitzgerald her first gig, as a vocalist with his band



1906 – King Edward VII christens HMS Dreadnought, first of a new class of battleships

1910 – Dominique Pire born, Belgian Dominican friar who helps smuggle downed Allied pilot out of his country during WWII; works with Displaced Person after the war, founding Aide aux Personnes Déplacées which establishes sponsorships for refugee familes, and builds villages in Austria and Germany to help house them; wins the 1958 Nobel Peace Prize; founds L’Université de Paix, specializing in conflict prevention; Islands of Peace, a non-profit organization that has long-term projects in a dozen countries to aid people in being self-sufficient and the prime decision-makers in improving their lives


quote-let-us-not-speak-of-tolerance-dominique-pire


1920 – Lt. General Józef Haller von Hallenburg, after seizing Danzig during the Polish-Soviet War, performs the symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea

1923 – Texas Tech University is founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock

1930 – Vietnamese soldiers at the Yên Bái garrison of the French colonial army, in collaboration with members of the Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng (Vietnamese Nationalist Party), mutiny with the aim of starting a wide-spread revolt within the ranks, but it fails when the majority of Vietnamese soldiers in the garrison refuse to join them

1933 –NY Postal Telegraph Co. delivers first singing telegram with a box of chocolates

1940 – The Soviet Union, as part of their campaign of sovietization, begins mass deportations of Polish citizens who served the pre-war Polish state from Soviet-occupied eastern Poland to Siberia

1942 – The first gold record is presented to Glenn Miller for “Chattanooga Choo Choo”



1944 – Frances Moore Lappe born, vegetarian author, Diet for a Small Planet


frances-moore-lappe-scarcity-quote


1945 – The Andrews Sisters’ “Rum and Coca Cola” hits #1 on the pop charts



1947 – Paris crowds gather at shop windows to see Christian Dior’s ‘New Look’ in fashions – longer skirts, nipped-in waists and padded shoulders


diors-new-look-1947


1948 – UN Security Council Resolution 17: the UN commission, established in 1946 to investigate and recommend solutions to the border conflicts along the Greek-Albanian and Bulgarian-Yugoslavian frontiers, is not empowered to request the governments of Greece, Albania, Bulgaria or Yugoslavia to postpone the executions of any of their political prisoners unless a prisoner could give witness that would assist the commission in its task

1949 – UN Security Council Resolution 68 is adopted, resolving that UN General Assembly Resolution 192 on arms reduction be transmitted to the Commission for General Armaments for action

1949 – Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman premieres on Broadway


lee-j-coobb-and-mildred-dunnock-death-of-a-salesman


1954 – U.S. President Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam

1956 – Little Richard records “Long Tall Sally”



1962 – Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel

1962 – Roy Lichtenstein’s first solo exhibition opens


roy-lichtenstein-kiss


1967 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified; requires the appointment of a vice-president when office is vacant and institutes new measures in the event of presidential disability

1972 – Ras Al Khaimah joins the United Arab Emirates, now making up 7 emirates

1978 – Van Halen, the band’s debut album, is released



1989 – Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party

1990 – South African President F.W. de Klerk announces that black activist Nelson Mandela would be released the next day after 27 years in captivity

1996 – IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov for the first time

1997 – Comet Shoemaker-Holt 2 Closest Approach to Earth (1.9245 AU)

1998 – Voters in Maine repeal a 1997 gay rights law

2003 – France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq

2005 – North Korea publicly announces for the first time it has nuclear arms

2007 – At a protest by Vetevendosje, a movement for the right of self-determination, in Pristina, Kosovo, 2 people are killed  by UNMIK Police

2007 – Sen. Barack Obama, (D-IL) kicks off his presidential campaign in a speech at the state house in Springfield

2011 – Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak refuses to step down or leave the country;  instead hands his powers to his vice president


hosni-mubarak


2015 – Comedian Jon Stewart announces he will be leaving “The Daily Show”

2016 – Venezuelan government orders more than 100 malls to close early to save electricity, due to drought caused by El Niño
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Visuals

  • Cream Cheese Brownies
  • The Plimsoll Line
  • International flags
  • The Killing of Comyn in the Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, by Felix Philippoteaux
  • Frontispiece and title page of The Works of Sir John Suckling
  • Charles Lamb – reading quote
  • Edith Clarke – women engineers quote
  • Boris Pasternak – they don’t ask much quote
  • Bertold Brecht truth quote
  • Dominique Pire tolerance quote
  • Frances Moore Lappe hunger quote
  • Christian Dior’s 1947  ‘New Look’
  • Lee J Cobb and Mildred Dunnock in Death of a Salesman (Broadway 1949)
  • Roy Lichtenstein’s Kiss
  • Hosni Mubarak announcing power transfer

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 10, 2017

  1. Russell says:

    I like Brownies, some are better than others. Ok, I like sweets.

    I once stayed at the Chattanooga Hotel in Chattanooga, TN. It was the former rail depot that had been converted to a hotel with regular rooms and train cars to sleep in. The area is beautiful and also has a tourists destination of Ruby Falls. It is an underground waterfall in the Cave below.

    So, Hello to Glenn Miller.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Thanks Gordon –

      The hotel sounds wonderful.

      One of my earliest memories – I was 4 – was taking the train with my Mom, coming home from visiting my grandparents, and we were in a sleeper compartment. Its compactness made it more my size, and I loved watching the world go by in the big windows. If we had traveled by car, I would have only seen the sky – the car windows were way too high above me at that age.
      I’ve loved train travel ever since.

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