ON THIS DAY: March 11, 2017

March 11th is

Eat Your Noodles Day

Genealogy Day *

National Promposal Day

Oatmeal Nut Waffles Day

World Plumbing Day *

Worship of Tools Day
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MORE! Giuseppe Verdi, Mary Shelley and Lorraine Hansberry, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Lesotho – Moshoeshoe I Anniversary

Lithuania – Independence Restoration Day

New Zealand – Auckland:
Auckland City Limits

South Africa – Riviersonderend:
Altered States at Circle of Dreams

Tuvalu – Commonwealth Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

222 – Emperor Elagabalus, who became emperor at age 14 during a previous revolt, is assassinated, along with his mother, Julia Soaemias, by the Praetorian Guard because of  his attempts to replace Jupiter with the Syrian god Elagabal as the head of the Roman pantheon, and his bisexual excesses. Their mutilated bodies are dragged through the streets of Rome before being thrown into the Tiber

1302 – Romeo and Juliet are married on this day in Shakespeare’s play



1544 – Torquato Tasso born, late Renaissance Italian poet

1665 – A new legal code is approved for the Dutch and English towns of  New York  guaranteeing all Protestants the right to continue religious observances unhindered

1702 – The Daily Courant, England’s first national daily newspaper begins publication

1708 – Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, fearing an armed Scottish military would not be loyal to the British crown; this is the last bill to be refused Royal Assent, now considered a formality

1785 – John McLean born, U.S. Supreme Court justice (1829-1861); one of two justices who dissented in the infamous Dred Scott decision of 1857

1791 – Samuel Mulliken patents a threshing machine for corn and grain; he becomes the first person to receive more than one U.S. patent

1818 – Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein; or The modern Prometheus, is published

1822 – Joseph Bertrand born, French mathematician; thermodynamics, statistical probability and theory of curves and surfaces

1824 – U.S. Secretary of War John C. Calhoun creates Bureau of Indian Affairs as a War Department division, without authorization from Congress; he appoints former Superintendent of Indian Trade, Thomas L. McKenney as bureau chief, but McKinney soon finds he has all the work while all the authority rests with Secretary Calhoun

1836 – Charles Eastlake born, British architect and furniture designer, leading exponent of Modern Gothic; his furniture designs became known as the Eastlake style, which also became the name of his architectural vision



1843 – Eliza Jane Poitevent Holbrook Nicholson born, pseudonym Pearl Rivers, author, American journalist and poet

1845 – The Flagstaff War: Unhappy with translational differences regarding the Treaty of Waitangi, chiefs Hone Heke, Kawiti and Māori tribe members chop down the British flagpole for a fourth time and drive settlers out of Kororareka, New Zealand

1848 – Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government

1851 –Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi premieres in Venice



1860 – Thomas Hastings born, American architect; his firm designs the New York Public Library, and he designs the Arlington Cemetery Tomb of the Unknowns



1862 – During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln removes Gen. George B. McClellan as general-in-chief of the Union armies

1867 – Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi debuts in Paris



1872 – Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.

1900 – British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejects the peace overtures offered from the Boer leader Paul Kruger

1901 – Britain rejects an amended treaty to the canal agreement with Nicaragua

1901 – U.S. Steel is formed when industrialist J.P. Morgan buys Carnegie Steel, making Andrew Carnegie the world’s richest man

1903 – Dorothy Schiff born, American newspaper owner and publisher, philanthropist and reformer, buys the New York Post in 1939 and becomes its publisher in 1942



1904 – After 30 years of drilling, the north tunnel under the Hudson River is holed through, linking Jersey City NJ, and New York NY

1905 – The Parisian subway is officially inaugurated

1907 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt induced California to revoke its anti-Japanese legislation

1907 – In Bulgaria, Premier Nicolas Petkov is killed by an anarchist

1919 – Mercer Ellington born, American jazz trumpeter, composer and arranger; son of Duke Ellington



1926 – Ralph Abernathy born, American pastor, Civil Rights movement leader; Montgomery Improvement Association, Montgomery Bus Boycott, co-founder Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC president after ML King assassination)



1927 – Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the famous Roxy Theatre in New York City

1930 – U.S. President Howard Taft becomes the first U.S. president buried in the National Cemetery in Arlington VA

1935 – The German Air Force becomes an official department of the Third Reich

1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, which provides war supplies to the Allies

1942 – Vaughn Monroe and his orchestra record “Sleepy Lagoon”



1946 – Pravda denounces Winston Churchill as anti-Soviet and a warmonger

1950 – Bobby McFerrin born, American jazz vocalist; 10-time Grammy winner



1952 – Douglas Adams, beloved British author and dramatist; The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy series, and Dirk Gently’s Holistic Detective Agency



1959 – Lorraine Hansberry’s drama A Raisin in the Sun opens at New York’s Ethel Barrymore Theatre



1969 – Levi-Strauss starts selling bell-bottomed jeans

1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev is named the new chairman of the Soviet Communist Party
1986 – Popsicle announces its twin-stick frozen treat is changing to a one-stick model

1988 – A cease-fire is declared in the war between Iran and Iraq

1990 – Lithuania declares its independence from the USSR,  the first Soviet republic to break from Communist control

1990 – In Chile, Patricio Aylwin is sworn in as the first democratically elected president since 1973

1992 – Former U.S. President Nixon says the Bush administration is not giving enough economic aid to Russia

1993 – Janet Reno is unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate to become the first female attorney general



1993 – North Korea withdraws from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty refusing to open sites for inspection

1994 – In Chile, Eduardo Frei is sworn in as President,the first peaceful transfer of power in Chile since 1970

2002 – Two columns of light are pointed skyward from ground zero in New York as a temporary memorial to the victims of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001

2006 – Michelle Bachelet Jeria is elected as first female president of Chile

2010 – World Plumbing Day * is first sponsored by the World Plumbing Council



2011 – Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker signs a measure eliminating most union rights for public employees, after three weeks of protests against it

2013 – Genealogy Day * is created Christ Church in Limerick, Ireland to celebrate 200 years of the church and its local family history records

2015 – The Texas state legislature names Phil Collins an honorary Texan as a “thank you” for donating his extensive collection of Alamo and Texas Revolution-related artifacts to the Alamo



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Visuals

  • World Plumbing Day banner
  • International flags
  • Frankenstein; or The modern Prometheus
  • Eastlake architecture
  • New York Public Library
  • Dorothy Schiff  with the New York Post presses
  • Ralph Abernathy, future quote
  • Douglas Adams, learning quote
  •  A Raisin in the Sun – Langston Hughes poem with the play
  • Janet Reno, principle quote
  • World Plumbing Day header
  • Phil Collins with pieces from his collection

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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