ON THIS DAY: March 17, 2017

March 17th is

St. Patrick’s Day

Camp Fire Girls Day *

World Sleep Day *

Corned Beef & Cabbage Day

Day of Action Against Bullying and Violence
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MORE!  St. Patrick, Kate Greenaway and Golda Meir, click


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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bangladesh –
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s Birthday

Canada, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Monserrat, Switzerland and United States – St.Patrick’s Day *

Ireland – Dublin:
St. Patrick’s Festival/Parade

United States –
Boston MA: Evacuation Day
New York NY: St. Patrick’s Day Parade
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On This Day in HISTORY

45 BC – In Hispania, at Munda, the last battle of the civil war between Julius Caesar and the forces of the Optimates (the traditionalist majority of the Roman Senate) who have backed Pompey, ends with Caesar victorious and Pompey’s eldest son, Gnaeneus Pompeius killed in the battle. Caesar can now return to Rome and rule as the elected Roman dictator perpetuo rei publicae constituendae, dictator-for-life

180 – Marcus Aurelius, last of the “Five Good Emperors” and regarded as a philosopher king, dies, leaving his unstable son Commodus, whom he named as Caesar in 166 and ruled jointly with since 177, as sole Emperor of the Roman Empire



461 – St. Patrick, dies in Saul. Ireland celebrates St.Patrick’s Day * in his honor

763 – Harun al-Rashid born, 5th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate – al-Rashid means “the Just”; his reign is marked by scientific, cultural, and religious expansion. Islamic art and music flourished; He establishes the legendary library Bayt al-Hikma (“House of Wisdom”) in Baghdad, and during his rule Baghdad becomes a center of knowledge, culture and trade



1655 –  Élisabeth Jacquet de La Guerre born, French harpsichord player-composer



1756 – St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated in New York City for the first time, at the Crown and Thistle Tavern

1766 – Britain repeals the Stamp Act which has caused so much resentment in the North American colonies

1804 – Jim Bridger born, American fur trader and explorer



1805 – The Italian Republic, with Napoleon as president, becomes the Kingdom of Italy, with Napoleon as King, but actually run by Napoleon’s step-son, Eugène de Beauharnais, serving as Viceroy

1820 – Jean Ingelow born, English poet and novelist



1834 – Gottlieb Daimler born, German engineer and businessman, co-founded Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft

1845 – Stephen Perry patents the rubber band, originally made from vulcanized rubber

1846 – Kate Greenaway born, English author and illustrator; pseudonym ‘Orris’



1849 – Cornelia Maria Clapp born, American zoologist-marine biologist

1868 – Postage stamp canceling machine patent is issued

1870 – Wellesley College is incorporated by the Massachusetts legislature under its original name, Wellesley Female Seminary

1873 – Margaret Bondfield born, British Labour politician and feminist, first woman Cabinet minister in the United Kingdom, one of the first three women to be Labour Members of Parliament



1881 – Walter R. Hess born, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Laureate

1884 – In Otay, California, John Joseph Montgomery makes the first manned, controlled, heavier-than-air glider flight in the United States



1892 – Sayed Darwish born, Egyptian singer and composer, ‘father of Egyptian popular music’ and its greatest composer



1899 – Radie Britain born, American pianist, author and composer



1901 – In Paris, Vincent Van Gogh’s paintings are shown at the Bernheim Gallery

1901 – Alfred Newman born, American composer and conductor; nominated 43 times for and winner of 9 Academy Awards for Best Musical Score; Wuthering Heights,  Captain from Castile, All About Eve,  How The West Was Won are among his best-known scores



1902 – Robert Tyre ‘Bobby’ Jones born, American amateur golfer and lawyer; first to win golf’s ‘Grand Slam’ in 1930: U.S. Open, British Open and both U.S. and British Amateur Championships; fights a debilitating illness from 1948 until his death in 1971

1905 – Eleanor Roosevelt and Franklin Roosevelt, distant cousins, are married; Teddy Roosevelt walks his niece down the aisle

1909 – In France, the communications industry is paralyzed by strikes

1910 – Camp Fire Girls Day * Founded by Luther and Charlotte Gulick in Thelford VT; now called Camp Fire USA

1912 – Bayard Ruskin born, American civil rights activist



1914 – Russia increased the number of active duty military from 460,000 to 1,700,000

1919 – Nat King Cole, American singer, pianist, and television host



1930 – Al Capone is released from jail

1930 – In New York, construction begins on the Empire State Building.

1930 – Paul Horn born, American-Canadian flute player and saxophonist



1933 – Myrlie Evers-Williams born, American journalist and activist, Chair of the NAACP 1995-1998; the first woman and first layperson to deliver the invocation at a presidential inauguration, for President Obama’s second inaugural



1933 – Penelope Lively born, British author, fiction for adults and children; winner of Booker Prize, Carnegie Medal and several other honors

1938 – Zola Taylor born, American singer, The Platters



1938 – Rudolf Nureyev born, Soviet dancer and choreographer who defects to the West; Director, Paris Opera Ballet (1983-1989), one of the greatest dancers of all time



1939 – Robin Knox-Johnston born, English sailor; first single-handed non-stop circumnavigation of the globe

1941 – The National Gallery of Art is officially opened by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC.

1941 – Paul Kantner born, American singer-songwriter-guitarist, Jefferson Airplane



1942 – Douglas MacArthur arrives in Australia, becomes Supreme Commander of the WWII Allied forces in the Southwestern Pacific

1944 – During World War II, the U.S. bombs Vienna

1944 – John Sebastian born, American singer-songwriter-guitarist, Lovin’ Spoonful



1950 – Scientists at the University of California at Berkeley announce that they have created a new radioactive element, and named it “californium” aka element 98

1958 – The Vanguard 1 satellite is launched by the U.S.

1959 – The Dalai Lama (Lhama Dhondrub, Tenzin Gyatso) flees Tibet for India in the wake of a failed Tibetan uprising against Chinese rule

1961 – The U.S. increases military aid and technicians to Laos

1962 – Moscow asks the U.S. to pull out of South Vietnam

1966 – A U.S. submarine finds a missing H-bomb off  the coast of Spain

1967 – Snoopy and Charlie Brown of Peanuts are on the cover of LIFE magazine



1967 – Billy Corgan born, American musician, lead singer for Smashing Pumpkins



1969 – Golda Meir is sworn in as the first female and fourth premier of Israel



1970 – The U.S. Army charges 14 officers with suppression of facts in the My Lai case

1972 – U.S. President Nixon asks Congress to pass legislation imposing a “moratorium” on the Federal courts to prevent them from ordering any new busing of schoolchildren to achieve racial balance

1973 – The first American prisoners of war (POWs) are released from the “Hanoi Hilton” in Hanoi, North Vietnam.

1985 – U.S. President Reagan agrees to a joint study with Canada on acid rain

1989 – A series of solar flares set off a violent magnetic storm causing power outages over large regions of Canada

1992 – White South Africans approve constitutional reforms to give legal equality to black South Africans

1995 – Gerry Adams is the first leader of Sinn Fein to be received at the White House

1998 – Washington Mutual announces it has agreed to buy H.F. Ahmanson and Co. for $9.9 billion dollars, a deal which creates the nation’s seventh-largest banking company

1999 – A panel of medical experts conclude that marijuana has medical benefits for people suffering from cancer and AIDS

2000 – In Norway, Jens Stotenberg of the Labour Party takes office as Prime Minister; the coalition government of Kjell Magne Bondevik resigned over an environmental dispute

2000 – In Kanungu, Uganda, a fire at a church linked to the cult known as the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments kills more than 530. On March 31, officials set the number of deaths linked to the cult at more than 900 after authorities find mass graves at various sites linked to the cult

2003 – Edging to the brink of war, President George W. Bush gives Saddam Hussein 48 hours to leave his country; the ultimatum is rejected

2004 – NASA’s Messenger is the first spacecraft to enter into orbit around Mercury; it takes more than 270,000 pictures before it crashes to Mercury’s surface in April, 2015



2008 – World Sleep Day * is launched by the World Association of Sleep Medicine

2011 – U.N. Security Council votes to authorize military action to protect civilians and impose a no-fly zone over Libya
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Visuals

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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4 Responses to ON THIS DAY: March 17, 2017

  1. Russell says:

    Lots of things are very interesting, St. Patrick’s​ Day is an notable day. Too bad it’s the Amature drinking Day.

    Commodus, interesting individual.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Russell –

      I once wrote a rant against St.Patrick’s Day – as it is celebrated in America, with all the plastic Shamrocks, green beer and maudlin fake-Irish songs written by Americans and an Englishman, but especially against the times when the Irish Republican Army went through the American pubs collecting for their Cause, and using the money to build bombs.

      I also keep reminding people that there are OTHER Celts than the Irish, and you shouldn’t use Celtic when you’re only talking about the Irish. The words are NOT synonymous.

      The Roman Empire has a long and colorful history of good Emperor/batshit crazy Emperor swings. The problem with any kind of leader being in charge for life, especially when it is hereditary inheritance, is that your country’s government is automatically going to be bi-polar, and assassination is the only way to get rid of the bad ones, which also encourages bad people to use it to get rid of the good ones too.

  2. I’ll see your Marcus Aurelius and raise you a Caligula.

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