ON THIS DAY: March 23, 2017

March 23rd is

Chip and Dip Day

National Puppy Day *

National Chia Day

OK Day

World Meteorological Day *
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MORE! Fannie Farmer, Emmy Noethe and Helene Hale, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

India – Punjab and Haryana:
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Martyrdom

Malaysia –
Johor Darul: State Holiday

Pakistan: Republic Day *
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On This Day in HISTORY

1540 – Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries

1699 – John Bartram born, pioneering American botanist, horticulturist and explorer, who traveled eastern American colonies collecting plants, keeping a detailed record of his finds and observations. He sent eagerly awaited seeds and dried specimens to European contacts so regularly that the shipments were called ‘Bartram’s Boxes’

1708 – James Francis Edward Stuart, “The Old Pretender,” attempts land to at the Firth of  Forth, but Admiral Sir George Byng’s English fleet intercepts the French ships carrying James, and combined with bad weather, prevent a landing

1743 – George Frideric Handel’s oratorio “Messiah” premieres in London; its first performance had been in Ireland the previous year



1775 – Patrick Henry delivers his speech – “Give me liberty, or give me death!” – at St. John’s Episcopal Church in Richmond, Virginia

1801 – Paul I, Emperor of All the Russias, is thoroughly assassinated at newly built St. Michael’s Castle by a band of dismissed officers headed by Generals Bennigsen, Yashvil and Zubov. Drunkenly charging into Paul’s bedroom, they find him hiding behind the draperies. The conspirators pull him out, drag him to a table, attempting to force him to sign an abdication. Paul resists, and Nikolay Zubov strikes him with a sword, then he is strangled, and trampled to death. He is succeeded by his son, 23-year-old Alexander I, who is in the palace, to whom General Zubov announces his accession, accompanied by
the admonition, “Time to grow up! Go and rule!” The assassins are not punished by Alexander. Court physician James Wylie declares apoplexy as the official cause of death

1806 – After finally reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their “Corps of Discovery” begin their arduous journey home.

1826 – Ludwig Minkus born, Austrian violinist and composer; music for the ballet La Bayadère



1842 – Susan Jane Cunningham born, American mathematician

1857 – Fannie Farmer born, American culinary expert, author of the Fannie Farmer Cookbook, still in print over a hundred years after its first publication under the name Boston Cooking School Cookbook, cited as the first to introduce standard measurements



1857 – Elisha Otis’s first elevator is installed in New York City

1868 – The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law

1874 – J. C. Leyendecker born in Germany, American painter and illustrator



1876 – Ziya Gökalp born, activist, ‘founder of Turkish sociology’ and poet

1876 – Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, Burmese poet, writer and political leader

1882 – Amalie ‘Emmy’ Noether born, German-American mathematician and physicist



1897 – Margaret Farrar born, American journalist and first crossword puzzle editor for The New York Times


 


1900 – Eric Fromm born, German psychologist and sociologist



1909 – Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa, a trip sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society

1918 – Helene Hale born, Hawaii politician, first woman in Hawaii elected as an Executive Officer (forerunner of mayor); at age 82, she won a seat as a Democrat in the Hawaii House of Representatives, and  served six years representing the 4th district in the legislature before retiring in 2006 following a stroke. Ralph Bunche was her uncle

1919 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement

1924 – Bette Nesmith Graham born, American inventor of Liquid Paper, mother of Michael Nesmith of The Monkees



1933 – The German Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, granting Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

1940 – The Lahore Resolution is adopted by the All-India Muslim League, calling for independent Muslim starts in areas of British India where Muslims are in the majority

1942 – The first Japanese-Americans rounded up by the U.S. Army during World War II arrive at the Manzanar internment camp in the Owens Valley of California. In the panic after the attack on Pearl Harbor, 120,000 people – two-thirds of them American citizens – lost their freedom, their homes and their businesses, crowded into 10 camps in isolated areas of Arizona, California, Utah, Idaho, Colorado, and Wyoming

1950 – The UN Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization comes into force – the original multinational weather cooperative was the International Meteorological Organization, founded in 1873 – see also 1961

1956 – Republic Day * – Pakistan becomes the first Islamic Republic in the World

1961 – The first World Meteorological Day * is proclaimed on the anniversary of the founding of the World Meteorological Organization by the UN

1965 – NASA launches Gemini 3, the first American two-man space flight, with Gus Grissom and John Young

1977 – The first of the ‘Nixon Interviews’ are videotaped; British journalist David Frost interviews disgraced former U.S. President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal and the Nixon tapes



1978 – The first UNIFIL troops arrive in Lebanon on a peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line

1980 – Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans



1981 – U.S. Supreme Court rules that states can require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teenage girls seek abortions

1983 – Strategic Defense Initiative, instantly dubbed ‘Star Wars’: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.

1996 – Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President

1998 – The movie Titanic wins 11 Academy Awards, including Best Picture

2001 – The Russian Mir space station breaks up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji

2006 – National Puppy Day * is launched by Coleen Paige to encourage pet adoption

2010 – U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Affordable Care Act, the most sweeping piece of federal legislation since Medicare passed in 1965


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Visuals

  • National Puppy Day banner
  • World Meteorological Day – ‘Understanding Clouds’ 2017 theme
  • International flags
  • Waltham Abbey
  • Fannie Farmer, cooking quote
  • J. C. Leyendecker: The Watchers of the Plains illustration – art for Arrow Shirts ad
  • Amalie ‘Emmy’ Noether
  • Margaret Farrar with crossword puzzle
  • Eric Fromm, ourselves quote
  • Bette Nesmith Graham and her invention
  • A group of 82 Japanese-Americans arrive at Manzanar internment camp (‘War Relocation Center’) carrying their belongings in suitcases and bags – photo by Eliot Elisofon/Time-Life Pictures
  • Archbishop Óscar Romero, God’s will quote
  • President Obama signs the ACA into law

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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6 Responses to ON THIS DAY: March 23, 2017

  1. Terry Welshans says:

    Poor Paul. I can not underestimate what being thoroughly assassinated is like. And then to die of apoplexy as well! “Worst case of suicide I have ever seen” perhaps.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Terry –

      They certainly wanted to be sure he was dead. One of the downsides of being an absolute dictator – when the coup d’etat comes, it’s often even more brutal than your policies.

  2. For World Meteorological Day, here is a link to one of my favorite web sites: Atmospheric Optics

    • Terry Welshans says:

      Very nice! Finally, someone using the word “optics” as it was intended!

      • I figured that you, of all people, would appreciate that web page.
        If I were Native American, I would want the name, “He who walks on clouds.”
        Could be also, “…inside clouds” but that is another story.

        • Terry Welshans says:

          He he he… When they talk about “bad optics”, I keep looking for someone replacing lenses. I would like the name “He who bates the bear.”

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