ON THIS DAY: March 28, 2017

March 28th is

American Diabetes Association Alert Day

Barnum & Bailey Day *

Black Forest Cake Day

Something on a Stick Day

Weed Appreciation Day

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MORE!  Clara Lemlich, Marina Raskova and Vina Mazumdar, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bali – Nyepi Day
(New Year Day of Silence)

Czech Republic and Slovakia –
Teachers’ Day *

France – Toulouse: Gaumont Film Festival

India – Ugadi/Gudi Padwa /Telugu
(New Year in Goa, Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra)

Indonesia – Tahun
(New Year Seclusion Day)
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On This Day in HISTORY

193 – Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by the Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus

845 – Paris is sacked by a fleet of Viking raiders who sail up the River Seine; Charles the Bald pays the huge sum of 7,000 livres (5,670 pounds) in silver and to get them to leave

1592 – Jan Amos Konesky (aka Comenius) born, Moravian teacher; believes in education for girls as well as boys, is against corporal punishment, introduces books in the children’s native language instead of Latin, adds pictures to books for children, emphasizes logical thinking over rote memorizing; Teachers’ Day * honors his birthday in the Czech Republic and Slovakia



1774 – British Parliament passes the Coercive Acts against Massachusetts, closing the port of Boston until damages are paid for the Boston Tea Party; restriction of Massachusetts town meetings; changes the governor’s council to appointees; makes British officials immune from criminal prosecution in Massachusetts; makes colonists responsible for costs of housing and quartering British troops on demand, even in peacetime – if no other housing is available, they must take troops into their homes

1776 – Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site which will be the Presidio of San Francisco

1794 – Formal opening of the Louvre in Paris

1796 – Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is first U.S. black church



1799 – Slavery is abolished in New York state

1802 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers the 2 Pallas asteroid

1819 – Sir Joseph W. Bazalgette born, British civil engineer; designed London’s main sewer system



1834 – A first – Congress censors President Andrew Jackson for refusing to turn over documents relating to the running battle between the President and Congress over the Bank of the Unite States, dismantled  by Jackson, who vetoes legislation to renew its charter, but Congress musters votes to overturn the veto; Jackson orders Treasury to disperse all federal funds to individual state banks, and refuses the Senate’s demand to see his cabinet’s papers; Both Houses join in censuring Jackson for assuming power not conferred on the president by the  Constitution

1845 – Mexico drops diplomatic relations with the U.S. over annexation of Texas and subsequent border dispute

1854 – Crimean War: Britain and France declare war on Russia

1866 – First hospital-based ambulance goes into service in Cincinnati OH

1873 – Anne Douglas Sedgwick born in America, British author;  Tante and The Little French Girl 



1881 – Barnum & Bailey Day * P.T. Barnum merges his show with James A. Bailey’s circus

1886 – Clara Lemlich born, American labor organizer, leader of the Uprising of 20,000, the shirtwaist workers strike in New York’s garment industry in 1909



1890 – Paul Whiteman born, American bandleader



1910 – Henri Fabre’s seaplane makes first takeoff from water in France

1912 – Marina Raskova born, Russian navigator, instrumental in the formation of combat regiments of women who were pilots, support staff and engineers



1927 – Vina Mazumdar born, Indian academic, feminist and women’s rights activist, pioneer in women’s studies programs in India



1931 – Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

1917 – Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities

1917 – Puccini’s La Rondine premieres in Monte Carlo



1930 – Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora change names to Istanbul and Ankara

1935 – Robert Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

1939 – Phillip Barry’s play Philadelphia Story premieres on Broadway



1939 – Madrid falls to Francisco Franco, ending the Spanish Civil War

1944 – Astrid Lindgren begins writing Pippi Longstocking



1959 – Eleven after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet’s government and installs Panchen Lama

1963 – Alfred Hitchcock’s film The Birds premieres in New York



1968 – “Whiskey On A Sunday” is recorded by the Irish Rovers



1969 – Greek poet and diplomat George Seferis makes a speech on BBC radio against the military junta in control of Greece: “…It has been almost two years now that a regime has been imposed on us which is totally inimical to the ideals for which our world — and our people so resplendently — fought during the last world war.…I am a man without any political affiliation, and I can therefore speak without fear or passion. I see ahead of me the precipice toward which the oppression that has shrouded the country is leading us. This anomaly must stop. It is a national imperative…”

1979 – Twelve days after the premiere of the movie The China Syndrome, there is a  major nuclear accident at Three  Mile Island, Middletown, PA

1985 –  Neil Simon’s Biloxi Blues debuts on Broadway



1989 – For the first time, the America’s Cup sailing trophy is won in a courtroom instead of on the water – New Zealand beats Stars and Stripes in a New York court

1990 – Jesse Owen is posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal

2006 – A million union members, students and unemployed take to the streets in France protesting the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law



2013 – Pope Francis becomes the first Pope to wash the feet of women in the Maundy Thursday service
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Visuals

  • Weed Appreciation Day
  • International flags
  • Czech stamp – Jan Amos Konesky
  • Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia
  • Punch cartoon of Sir Joseph Bazalgette
  • Anne Douglas Sedgwick, kitten feet quote
  • Clara Lemlich, strike quote
  • Marina Raskova, Russian navigator 1940s
  • Vina Mazumdar
  • Broadway poster for Phillip Barry’s play Philadelphia Story
  • Astrid Lindgren, love children quote
  • Neil Simon’s Biloxi Blues, Broadway poster
  • 2006 protest against proposed French First Employment Contract law

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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