ON THIS DAY: April 21, 2017

April 21st is

Bulldogs are Beautiful Day

Kindergarten Day *

Chocolate-Covered Cashews Day

National Day of Silence *

National Donate Life Day *

National Yellow Bat Day *

John Muir Day *

World Creativity and Innovation Day *
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MORE! Henry VIII, Charlotte Brontë and John Muir, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bahá’i – First of 12 days of Ridván: celebration of Bahaullah Declaration that he is a Manifestation of God)

Rastafari – Grounation Day: Haile Selassie visits Jamaica, arriving on April 21, 1966 

Brazil – Tiradentes Day
(da Silva Xavier/independence hero *)

Falkland Islands – Queen’s Birthday
(actual day)

Indonesia – Kartini Day
(Raden Ayu Kartini, national hero *)

Kenya – National Tree Planting Day

Myanmar – New Year Week

United States – Texas: San Jacinto Day
(1836 Texas Independence battle *)
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On This Day in HISTORY

753 BC (traditional date) Romulus founds the city of Rome, makes a sacrifice to the gods and begins fortifying the Palatine, the most central of Rome’s Seven Hills


900 – The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (the earliest known written document found in what is now the Philippines): ‘the Commander-in-Chief of the Kingdom of Tondo, as represented by the Honourable Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pailah, pardons from all debt the Honourable Namwaran and his relations’

1092 – The Diocese of Pisa is elevated to the rank of metropolitan archdiocese by Pope Urban II

1506 – The three-day Lisbon Massacre comes to an end after the slaughter of over 1,900 suspected Jews by Portuguese Catholics

1509 – Henry VIII becomes king of England



1649 – The Maryland Toleration Act, providing freedom of worship for all Christians, was passed by the Maryland assembly

1782 – Rattanakosin, now known internationally as Bangkok, is founded on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya River by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke

1782 – Friedrich Wilhelm Frobel born, German teacher credited with starting the first Kindergarten in 1837; now celebrated on this day as Kindergarten Day *



1792 –Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, called ‘Tiradentes,’ revolutionary leader of Brazil’s independence movement, is hanged, drawn and quartered by the Portuguese on this day, after a trial lasting almost three years; now Tiradentes Day * in Brazil

1816 – Charlotte Brontë born, English novelist and poet, eldest of the three Brontë sisters who were authors; author of Jane Eyre



1836 – The Battle of San Jacinto: Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna

1856 – Stonemasons and building workers on building sites around Melbourne march from the University of Melbourne to Parliament House to achieve an eight-hour day

1859 – Belle Case LaFollette born, American lawyer, suffragist and women’s rights activist primarily in Wisconsin

1863 –  Bahá’u’lláh, the founder of the Bahá’í Faith, declares his mission as “He whom God shall make manifest”

1879 – Raden Ayu Kartini born, Javanese and Indonesian national heroine, women’s rights activist, pioneer in education for women and girls



1891 – Georgia Harkness born, American Christian theologian, first woman to become a full professor in a United States theological seminary, leader in the ecumenical movement and the movement to gain ordination for women in American Methodism

1899 – Randall Thompson born, American composer of choral works



1916 – Estella Diggs born, American businesswoman, author and politician

1925 – The Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals is published in Il Mondo, establishing the political and ideological foundations of Italian Fascism.

1926 – Elizabeth II, Queen regnant of The United Kingdom and head of the Commonwealth of Nations, is born

1930 – Hilda Hilst born, Brazilian author, poet, and playwright

1932 – Elaine May born, American actress, director, and screenwriter, two time Academy Award nominee and recipient of the National Medal of Arts



1944 – The French provisional government gives the vote to Frenchwomen

1952 – BOAC begins passenger service on jet aircraft on their London-Rome route

1960 – Brasília, Brazil’s capital, is officially inaugurated. At 09:30, the Three Powers of the Republic are simultaneously transferred from the old capital, Rio de Janeiro

1962 – The Seattle World’s Fair opens, the first World’s Fair in the U.S. since WWII

1967 – National Yellow Bat Day * commemorates the activation of the 265th Army Security Agency at Fort Campbell KY, part of the 101st Airborne; their insignia is a bat on a yellow ground symbolizing their motto “Through the Night”



1969 – Simon & Garfunkel’s single “The Boxer” is released



1977 – The musical Annie opens on Broadway



1988 – John Muir Day * proclaimed on the 150th anniversary of his birth



1996 – Day of Silence * is launched, a student-led vow of silence for middle schools to colleges to raise awareness of the silencing effects of bullying on LGBTQ students, and the high rate of LGBTQ teen suicide



2001 – World Creativity and Innovation Day * is launched as the culmination of World Creativity and Innovation Week, which begins April 15 (Leonardo da Vinci’s birthday) with World Art Day



2003 – National Donate Life Day * is sponsored by Donate Life America to encourage Americans to register as organ donors – wear blue and green to show your support

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Visuals

  • National Donate Life Day sticker
  • International flags
  • Ruins on top of Palatine Hill in Rome
  • King Henry VIII of England
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Frobel, play quote
  • Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre quote
  • Raden Ayu Kartini
  • Elaine May, gravity quite
  • National Yellow Bat Day header
  • John Muir, nature quote
  • Day of Silence poster
  • World Creativity and Innovation Day banner

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day, Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: April 21, 2017

  1. ann summers says:

    love Froebel Blocks

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Froebel is certainly right about play – so many parents today are rushing their preschoolers into computer classes. Kids learn so much better when they’re having fun!

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