ON THIS DAY: May 27, 2017

May 27th is

National Cellophane Tape Day *

National Grape Popsicle Day

Julia Pierpont Day *

International Heritage Breeds Day *
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MORE!  Amelia Bloomer, Dashiell Hammett and Buddhadasa, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Islam – Beginning of Ramadan

Australia – Reconciliation Week *

Bolivia – Día de la Madre *

Guadeloupe, Saint Martin –
Abolition of Slavery

Nigeria – Children’s Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1153 – Malcolm IV is crowned King of Scotland

1199 – John ‘Lackland’ becomes King of England

1668 – Three colonists are expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists

1703 – Tsar Peter the Great of Russia founds the city of Saint Petersburg


Peter I, by Valentin Serov 


1792 – Julia Evelina Smith born, American suffragist, author and translator, known for Abby Smith and her Cows about tax resistance in the struggle for suffrage and for translating the Bible from the original languages

1812 – After an uprising in Cochabamba, Bolivia, is put down for a second time by Spanish General Goyeneche, the women of the city are gathered by Manuela Gandarilla, an old blind woman, to take up the arms of their dead and wounded in the Battle of La Coronilla, named for the hill where it is fought. They are slaughtered by the Spanish. Commemorated as Mothers’ Day * also known as “Day of the Heroines of Coronillas”

1818 – Amelia Bloomer born, American journalist, women’s rights activist; editor of The Lily, first newspaper specifically for women; advocate for female “rational dress”



1819 – Julia Ward Howe born, American poet and songwriter; wrote lyrics of The Battle Hymn of the Republic; first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters, posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame



1837 – Wild Bill Hickok born, American Western folk hero; scout, lawman, gunfighter, gambler, and showman, among many other occupations

1849 – Alzina Parsons Stevens born, American labor leader and journalist, notable for her work at Hull House and as a leader of the Knights of Labor

1861 – Victoria Earle Matthews born, American author, essayist, journalist, settlement worker and activist; founder of the White Rose Mission, a settlement house for young black women

1867 – Arnold Bennett born, English author and playwright



1871 – Georges Rouault born, French artist

1874 – The initial group of Dorsland trekkers under leader Gert Alberts leaves Pretoria to explore new territory

1883 – Jessie Arms Botke born, American painter and muralist; influential figure in art in California; noted for her studies of birds 



1883 – Alexander III is crowned Tsar of Russia

1888 – Louis Durey born, French composer known for choral works



1894 – Dashiell Hammett born, American detective novelist and screenwriter



1906 – Buddhadasa born, Thai monk and influential ascetic-philosopher, innovative reinterpreter of Buddhist doctrine



1907 – A second wave of Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco during the reconstruction of the city after the 1906 earthquake, causing 78 deaths; the first plague epidemic in the U.S. began in San Francisco in March 1900, but early denials prevented stamping it out until 1904

1907 – Rachel Carson born, American biologist, environmentalist, and author; her book Silent Spring helped launch the environmental movement



1909 – William Hansen born, American physicist; pioneer in microwave technology

1912 – John Cheever born, American novelist and short story writer



1915 – Ester Soré born, Chilean singer-songwriter, entretenedora (entertainer) Chilean of her time



1915 – Herman Wouk born, American novelist; The Winds of War, War and Remembrance



1925 – Tony Hillerman born, American novelist and journalist; his Navajo Tribal Police mystery series is being continued by his daughter Anne



1926 – Bronze figures of Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer are erected in Hannibal MO

1928 – Thea Musgrave born, Scottish composer of opera and orchestral music



1930 – The 1,046 feet (319 m) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public

1930 – National Cellophane Tape Day * – Richard G. Drew patents transparent cellophane adhesive tape.

1931 – Auguste Piccard and Paul Knipfer make the first flight into the stratosphere in a balloon, gathering substantial data on the upper atmosphere, and reaching 51,775 feet

1933 – Walt Disney’s “Three Little Pigs” is first released



1933 – U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed, requiring registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission

1933 – The ‘Century of Progress’ World’s Fair opens in Chicago

1934 – Harlan Ellison born, American speculative fiction author and screenwriter



1935 – U.S. Supreme Court declares that President Franklin Roosevelt’s National Industrial Recovery Act is unconstitutional

1935 – Ramsey Lewis born, American jazz pianist and composer



1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims an “unlimited national emergency” during WWII

1941 – The British navy sinks the German battleship Bismarck off the French coast

1944 – Ingrid Roscoe born, English historian and politician, writer on English art and Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire

1944 – Alain Souchon born, French singer-songwriter and guitarist



1950 – Dee Dee Bridgewater born, American Jazz singer-songwriter;  UN Goodwill Ambassador for the Food and Agriculture Organization



1957 – The Crickets release “That’ll be the Day”



1960 – A military coup overthrows the democratic government of Turkey’s President Celâl Bayar; Bayar and 15 other party members are tried for violating Turkey’s  constitution and sentenced to death by a kangaroo court appointed by the junta, but  Bayar’s sentence is commuted to life imprisonment

1963 – Bob Dylan releases his album The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan



1967 – Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians and to count them in the national census – commemorated during Reconciliation Week *

1969 – Construction of Walt Disney World begins in Florida

1977 – The Sex Pistols release their single “God Save the Queen” which will be banned by the BBC and the Independent Broadcasting Authority



1982 – Japan announces elimination of tariffs on 96 industrial goods

1985 – British representatives in Beijing exchange instruments of ratification with Chinese officials for the pact returning Hong Kong to the Chinese in 1997

1986 – Mel Fisher recovers a jar that containing 2,300 emeralds from the Spanish ship Atocha, which sank in the 17th century

1988 – The U.S. Senate ratifies the INF treaty, the first arms-control agreement since the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) in 1972 to receive Senate approval.
1994 – Nobel Prize-winning author Alexander Solzhenitsyn returns to Russia from two decades of exile

1995 – In Charlottesville, VA, actor Christopher Reeve is paralyzed after being thrown from his horse during a jumping event

1996 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin negotiates a cease-fire with Aslan Maskhadov, the leader of the Chechnya war for independence

1997 –U.S. Supreme Court rules the sexual harassment suit filed by Paula Jones against Bill Clinton could continue while he was serving as U.S. president

1998 – Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison for not warning anyone about the plot to bomb an Oklahoma City federal building.

1999 – In The Hague, Netherlands, a war crimes tribunal indicts Slobodan Milosevic and four others for atrocities in Kosovo, the first time a sitting head of state is charged with crimes against humanity

2005 – Julia Pierpont Day * is proclaimed in West Virginia, to honor her as one of the originators of ‘Decoration Day’ which is now called Memorial Day; in 1866, she was the wife of Restored Virginia Governor Francis Pierpont and decided to organize a clean-up and decoration of the neglected graves of Union soldiers (which were soon to be moved to the Richmond National Cemetery), in Hollywood Cemetery overlooking Richmond; a counter-Decoration Day is held throughout Virginia a few weeks later to decorate the graves of Confederate soldiers; newspaper reports spurred General John A. Logan, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, to order that May 30 will be an annual national “Decoration Day”



2015 – International Heritage Breeds Day * is started as a National Day in the U.S. by the Livestock Conservancy, now also observed in Canada and by conservation organizations in other countries, raising global awareness of endangered breeds of livestock and poultry

2016 – Barack Obama is the first U.S. president to visit Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and meet surviving victims of the 1945 bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, known as Hibakusha (“explosion-affected people”)


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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