ON THIS DAY: June 23, 2017

June 23th is

National Hydration Day *

Plastic Pink Flamingo Day

Pecan Sandies Day

Take Your Dog to Work Day *

UN Public Service Day *
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MORE!  John Fell, Lena Horne and Alan Turing, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bangladesh – Jumatul Bidah
(last Friday of Ramadan)

Czech Republic – Prague:
Metronome Music Festival

Estonia – Victory Day

Germany – Berlin:
Berlin Midsommar Festival

Luxenbourg – Grand Duke’s Birthday

Portugal – Porto: Festa do São João do Porto (Festival of John the Baptist)

Russia – St. Petersburg: The Scarlet Sails (White Nights: ship with fireworks on the Neva)
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On This Day in HISTORY

222 – Sun Quan declares himself Emperor of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period in China

1314 – The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins

1625 – John Fell born, English clergyman, author, and Dean of Christ Church, Oxford as well as Bishop of Oxford. He contributed funds and oversaw several building projects, both restoration and new construction, including the Sheldonian Theatre, original home of the Oxford University Press, to which he devoted much of his energy and attention as curator and editor during its birth and early years



1668 – Giambattista Vico born, Italian political philosopher, historian and jurist during the Age of Enlightenment, noted as a pioneer in social science and semiotics, the study of symbols and signs in communications

1763 – Joséphine (Tascher de la Pagerie) de Beauharnais born, first wife of Napoléon Bonaparte, Empress of the French (1804-1810); her first husband, Alexandre, had been guillotined during the Reign of Terror, her daughter with Alexandre became the mother of Napoléon III

1824 – Carl Reinecke born, German pianist, composer-conductor



1826 – Anne McDowell born, editor, journalist, publisher of Woman’s Advocate

1889 – Anna Akhmatova born, pseudonym for Russian poet Anna Andreyevna Gorenko, one of the most acclaimed writers in Russian literature, noted for remaining in the Soviet Union and writing about the terrors of living under Stalinism

1894 – Edward VIII/Duke of Windsor born, the British monarch who abdicates the throne in 1936 before his coronation, so he can marry the twice-divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson

1910 – Jean Anouilh born, French playwright; adaptation of Antigone, Ring Round the Moon, The Waltz of the Toreadors, Becket



1912 – Alan Turing born, English mathematician, cryptanalyst, pioneer in theoretical computer science; leader of WWII team that broke the German Naval Enigma code

1918 – Madeleine Parent born, Canadian labour leader and feminist, advocate for aboriginal rights, known for work in establishing the Canadian Textile and Chemical Union and the Confederation of Canadian Unions

1923 –Bob Fosse born, American choreographer-director, winner of a record 8 Tony awards for choreography, and a Best Director Oscar for the film version of Cabaret



1931 – Aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane

1941 – Lena Horne records “St. Louis Blues”



1947 – U.S. Senate joins the House in overriding President Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act, which amends much of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, and discontinues parts of the Federal Anti-Injunction Act of 1932. It strikes a major blow against Organized Labor: closed shops are declared illegal, the beginning of the so-called “right to work” laws; permits union shops only after the majority of employees vote for them; bans jurisdictional strikes and secondary boycotts, and empowers the President to intervene in labor disputes; ends the check-off system whereby the employer collects union dues; forbids unions from making contributions to political campaigns; and requires union leaders to take an oath they are not communists. In spite of several campaigns to repeal it, the Taft-Hartley Act stays in effect until 1959 when the Landrum-Griffin Act partially amends it

1955 – Disney’s animated film Lady and the Tramp is released



1960 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves use of Searle’s combined oral contraceptive pill, Enovid, for use as a contraceptive. It was previously approved for treatment of menstrual disorders in 1957

1965 – The Miracles release “Tracks of My Tears”



1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as chief justice of the United States

1972 – President Nixon signs Title IX into law: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance”

1989 – The movie Batman, starring Michael Keaton, premieres



1992 – John Gotti, head of the Gambino crime syndicate in New York, is convicted of racketeering charges, and sentenced to life in prison

1996 – Take Your Dog to Work Day * is launched in the United Kingdom

2003 – The UN General Assembly designates June 23 as UN Public Service Day *

2005 – Former Ku Klux Klansman Edgar Ray Killen is sentenced to 60 years in prison for his part in the 1964 Mississippi slayings of three civil rights workers

2016 – National Hydration Day * is founded in honor of Coach Victor Hawkins, who invented a mouthguard that releases electrolytes to keep his players hydrated during games and practices; in hot summer weather, it critical to keep your body hydrated, especially when engaged in physical activities


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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