ON THIS DAY: June 27, 2017

June 27th is

Industrial Workers of the World Day *

National Orange Blossom Day

National Sunglasses Day *

National HIV Testing Day *

National PTSD Awareness Day *

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MORE! Alexis Bouvard, Emma Goldman and Joshua Slocum, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Croatia – Zrće Beach: Hideout Festival
(ongoing music festival)

Denmark – Roskilde: Roskilde Festival
(ongoing music festival)

Djibouti – Independence Day

North Korea –
Fatherland Liberation Victory

Tajikistan –Day of National Unity

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On This Day in HISTORY

1358 – The Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik) is founded



1497 – The Cornish Rebellion is led by Michael ‘An Gof’ (the blacksmith) Joseph and Thomas Flamank, marching on London to protest against King Henry VII’s levy of a tax to pay for an invasion of Scotland – believing it was the business of the barons of the north to defend the Scottish border. But Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London, England, on this day

1542 – Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claims California for Spain

1556 – The Stratford Martyrs, a group of 11 men and 2 women, are burned at the stake for their Protestant beliefs at Stratford-le-Bow during the marian persecutions – at least 300 people were burned to death during the five years of Mary I’s reign

1743 – During the War of the Austrian Succession, George II becomes the last reigning British monarch to lead his troops in battle, at Dettingen on the River Main in Germany

1745 – Jan Nepomuk Vent born, Czech musician and composer



1767 – Alexis Bouvard born, French astronomer; director of the Paris Observatory

1801 – British forces defeat the French and take control of Cairo, Egypt

1844 – Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother Hyrum Smith, are killed by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail, where they were being held on charges of starting a riot. After a split had developed among members of the Mormon inner circle – William Law and Robert Foster accuse Joseph Smith of proposing marriage to their wives, and he excommunicates them for supposedly plotting against his life, Law and Foster procure indictments against Smith for perjury and polygamy, then the printing press used to print accusations against Smith is ordered destroyed, and the angry mob marches on the Carthage jail

1846 – Charles Stewart Parnell born, Irish nationalist member of British Parliament

1869 – Emma Goldman born, Russian-born American labor leader and anarchist



1872 – Paul Laurence Dunbar born, one of the first African-American poets to gain national attention

1880 – Helen Keller is born; two years later, illness makes her deaf and blind

1885 – Chichester Bell and Charles Tainter apply for a patent on a gramophone

1885 – Guilhermina Suggia born, Portuguese cellist, internationally renowned, student of Pablo Casals, bequeathed her Stradivarius cello to the Royal Academy of Music in London to fund a scholarship for cellists



1888 –  Antoinette Perry born, American actress, director, co-founder of the American Theater Wing; the Antoinette Perry Awards, commonly known as the Tony Awards, were established to honor her



1893 – The New York Stock Market crashes, in a panic caused by a run on U.S. gold by European trying to cover losses on investments with an bank in Argentina when crop failures and a coup d’état collapse that nation’s economy

1893 – The song “Happy Birthday to You” is published; in 2016, U.S. courts declared it was in the public domain



1898 – Sailor Joshua Slocum completes the first solo circumnavigation of the globe, returning to Newport RI aboard his rebuilt oyster boat Spray



1905 – The Industrial Workers of the World * (IWW) whose members are nicknamed “Wobblies” is founded in Chicago IL

1915 – Grace Lee Boggs, American author, feminist and social activist; she published her most recent book, The Next American Revolution: Sustainable Activism for the Twenty-First Century, in 2011 at the age of 95



1918 – Two German pilots are saved by parachutes for the first time

1920 – I.A.L. Diamond born in Romania,  American screenwriter

1936 – Lucille Clifton born, American author, poet and educator, Poet Laureate of Maryland (1979-1985); her work celebrates her African-American heritage and experience as a woman

1944 – Allied forces liberate Cherbourg, France from the Nazis in WWII

1957 – The British Medical Research Council reports smoking linked to lung cancer

1964 – Jan & Dean release “Little Old Lady from Pasadena”



1972 – Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney found the video game company Atari

1980 – President Jimmy Carter signs legislation reviving draft registration

1985 – Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica CA, passes into legend as officials decertify it as a national highway



1995 – The first National HIV Testing Day * is initiated by HIV.gov

2007 – Gordon Brown succeeds Tony Blair as British Prime Minister

2011 – National Sunglasses Day * is launched by the Vision Council – protecting your eyes from UV exposure is always in season



2017 – National PTSD Awareness Day * is officially recognized by the U.S. Senate, marking the 1989 congressional mandate for the U.S. Department of Veterans’ Affairs National Center for PTSD; the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) also joins in this effort to raise awareness of the signs of PTSD, and what resources are available to help those who suffer from PTSD

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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