ON THIS DAY: July 17, 2017

July 17th is

Peach Ice Cream Day

Yellow Pig Day *

National Tattoo Day

World Emoji Day *

Wrong Way Corrigan Day *

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MORE! George Frideric Handel, Christiane Rochefort and Nelson Mandela, click

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World Festivals and National Holidays

Botswana – Presidents’ Day

India – Telangana: Bonalu
(Hindu Goddess Mahankali fest)

Iraq – Republic Day

Japan – Umi no Hi (Marine Day)
Kyoto:  Gion Matsuri – Yamanoko Junko
(Yasaka Shrine Festival – float parade)

Lesotho – King Letsie III’s Birthday

Mexico – Oaxaca:
Guelaguerza Summer Cultural Fest

South Korea – Constitution Day

South Korea – Boryeong Mud Festival (1st Day)

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On This Day in HISTORY

180 – Twelve people in Scillium (near Kasserine in modern-day Tunisia) are executed for being Christians, the earliest known record of Christians in that part of North Africa

1203 – The Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople by assault, and the Byzantine Emperor Alexios III Angelos flees from his capital into exile

1212 – Spanish rulers unite forces to defeat the Moorish Almohad army

1402 – In China, Zhu Di, better known by his era name as the Yongle Emperor, assumes the throne of the Ming dynasty



1429 – Charles VII crowned King of France after Joan d’Arc wins campaign

1585 – Anthony Babington, chief conspirator of the Babington Plot, solicits the Spanish to invade England in aid of the plotters’ plan to assassinate Protestant Queen Elizabeth I and put Catholic Mary on the throne in her place. When Mary, Queen of Scots, replies in a long letter dated July 17 to Babington, advising him on ways to increase the plot’s chances of success, she is unaware that their correspondence is being intercepted by cipher and language expert Thomas Phelippes, employed by Elizabeth’s spymaster, Sir Francis Walsingham

1665 – Portugal secures its independence from Spain with victory at the Battle of Montes Claros, the final battle of the Portuguese Restoration War

1717 – Handel’s Water Music first heard aboard King George I’s barge on Thames River



1762 – Catherine the Great becomes ruler of Russia after her husband’s murder

1794 – Sixteen Carmelite nuns, lay sisters and externs become the Martyrs of Compiègne, and are executed ten days prior to the end of the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror for refusing to obey the Civil Constitution of the Clergy of the Revolutionary government, which mandates the suppression of monasteries and convents

1821 – Spain cedes Florida to the U.S.

1835 – Sir Erskine Holland born, English legal scholar

1867 – The Harvard School of Dental Medicine is established in Boston, Massachusetts, the first dental school in the U.S. affiliated with a university

1894 – Georges Lemaitre born, Belgian astronomer, cosmologist and priest



1889 – Erle Stanley Gardner born, American mystery novelist and lawyer



1898 – Berenice Abbott born, American photographer and poet, noted for black-and-white photos in her “Changing New York” project during the 1930s


Grand Central Station


1899 – James Cagney born, American performer and 1943 Academy Award winner for Best Actor for his portrayal of George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy

1902 – In Buffalo NY, Willis Carrier creates the first air conditioner

1917 – During WWI, King George V proclaims that henceforth, male descendants of the British Royal Family will bear the surname Windsor instead of Saxe-Coberg

1917 – Christiane Rochefort born, French journalist and author, press attaché to the Cannes Film Festival; bestselling novel Le Repos du guerrier (The Warrior’s Rest)

1918 – In Russia, Tsar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks

1921 – Mary Osborne born, American jazz guitarist



1924 – Olive Ann Burns born, American author and journalist for the Atlanta Journal; wrote novel Cold Sassy Tree under pen-name Amy Larkin



1929 – The USSR breaks diplomatic relations with China, just before the short-lived but bloody Sino-Soviet conflict of 1929 over the jointly-operated Chinese Eastern Railway

1935 – Diahann Carroll born, American stage, film and television actor-singer, starred on Broadway, in early films casting black actors, and in Julia, one of the first television series starring an African American woman; recipient of many awards and honors; co-founder of Celebrity Action Council for the Los Angeles Mission; co-organizer with James Garner of Hollywood’s large-scale turn-out for the 1963 March on Washington, in spite of attempts by J. Edgar Hoover to intimidate Hollywood’s elite with phone calls claiming the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement were all Communists



1935 – Peter Schickele born, American composer, musical educator, and parodist, noted for his hilarious performances and compositions as ‘P.D.Q. Bach’ which won four consecutive Grammys for Best Comedy Album in the 1990s



1936 – Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

1938 – Douglas “Wrong Way” Corrigan takes off from Brooklyn for Los Angeles, but heads east and lands in Ireland – Wrong Way Corrigan Day *

1945 – WWII: Churchill, Truman and Stalin hold their first meeting in Potsdam

1948 – Southern Democrats, opposed to the party’s position on civil rights, meet in Birmingham AL, to endorse South Carolina Governor Strom Thurmond for president

1948 – Operation Dekel: The Israeli army, after capturing Nazareth the day before, forces evacuation of the village of Nimrim, and then destroys it

1954 – The first Newport (RI) Jazz Festival

1954 – Angela Merkel born, Chancellor of Germany

1955 – Disneyland opens in Anaheim CA

1959 – Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or ‘Zinj’ (now called Paranthropus boisei) which lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago



1959 –North by Northwest, starring Cary Grant, premieres in Los Angeles



1961 – Motown Records releases The Supremes’ first single, “Buttered Popcorn”



1962 (? – exact year uncertain) – Two Princeton mathematics students, Michael Spivak and David Kelly, obsessively analyze the random properties of the number 17, and after many hours, a mysterious yellow pig sprang fully-grown from their fevered brains. There are now Yellow Pig Carols and Yellow Pig Cakes in honor of Yellow Pig Day *



1962 – The U.S. Senate rejects Medicare for the aged; it will not be signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson until July 30, 1965

1964 – Nelson Mandela, ANC leader serving a life sentence in prison, is awarded the Joliot Curie Gold Medal for Peace

1967 – Gladys Knight & the Pips record “I Heard It Through the Grapevine”



1968 – The Beatles film Yellow Submarine premieres in London



1975 – An Apollo spaceship docked with an orbiting Soyuz spacecraft in the first superpower linkup of its kind

1976 – Heart releases “Magic Man”



1976 – Indonesian President Mohamed Suharto annexes East Timor

1984 – U.S. National drinking age is raised from 18 to 21

1987 – Oliver North and John Poindexter testify at Congressional Iran-Contra hearings

1989 – First flight of B-2 Stealth Bomber



1995 – Forbes magazine announces that Bill Gates is the richest man in the world, having amassed $12.9 billion

1997 – After 117 years, Woolworth Corporation closes its last stores

1998 – The Mask of Zorro, starring Antonio Banderas in the title role, is released



2014 – The first World Emoji Day

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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5 Responses to ON THIS DAY: July 17, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    Thank you. This is the first time I have heard of Wrong Way Corrigan. It reminds me of a blond joke. A woman called her [blond] husband and said, “Honey, be careful on your way home from work today; I just heard on the news that some idiot is driving the wrong way, full speed, on the freeway!” He answered, “Not just ONE, Darling, HUNDREDS OF THEM!”

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Malisha – LOL

      I want a bumper sticker that says

      Most ‘dumb blondes’ are really brunettes.

      But so many men don’t get the joke.

      • Malisha says:

        My favorite blonde joke of all time:
        A young blonde wman got into a fender bender with the driver of a Jaguar. She got out of her car to deal with the other driver, and he got out of his damaged Jaguar. He was in a rage, and he was big, and mean. He drew a chalk circle on the sidewalk and screamed at her to stand in the circle. He screamed, “If you step outside that circle I’ll kill you!” She got into the circle and cowered. He opened his trunk and took out tools, and proceeded to break her windshields, smash all her doors, knock out her headlights and tail lights, wreck her tires, and completely demolish her little car, cursing and sweating and screaming with fury the whole time. Towards the end he could hear her giggling. When he had done about as much damage as he could do, he stomped over to her inside the chalk circle and demanded, “WHAT THE FUCK ARE YOU LAUGHING ABOUT YOU CRAZY BITCH?” She said, “when you weren’t looking I stepped out of the circle three times.”

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