ON THIS DAY: August 15, 2017

August 15th is

Chauvin Day *

Check (Your Pet’s) Chip Day *

National Relaxation Day *

Lemon Meringue Pie Day

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MORE! Kublai Khan, Julia Child and John Cranko, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Feast Day:  Assumption Day – Virgin Mary bodily taken up to Heaven upon her death

Bangladesh – National Mourning Day

Canada – Yukon: Discovery Day

Congo Republic – Féte Nationale

Costa Rica – Mothers’ Day

Equatorial Guinea –
Día de la Ley Fundamental

India – Independence Day

Liechtenstein – National Day

Peru – Arequipa: Founding Day *

North Korea – Liberation Day

Samoa – Father’s Day

South Korea – Kwang Bok Jul
(Independence)

Tokelau – Father’s Day

Zimbabwe – Defense Forces Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

927 – The Saracens capture and destroy Taranto, a coastal city in Southern Italy

1250 – Matteo I Visconti born, key figure of the Ghibellines (Holy Roman Emperor supporters) in their struggle for dominance in Milan against the Guelphs (supporters of the Pope)

1281 – The Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a “divine wind” in the Battle of Kōan against the Japanese

1519 – Ciudad de Panamá is founded by Pedro Arias de Ávila in what is now Panama

1540 – Founding of Arequipa * Peru by the Spaniard Garcí Manuel de Carbajal

1725 – Ferdinando Bertoni born, Italian composer, organist at San Marco in Venice



1769 – Napoleon Bonaparte born in Corsica, future self-crowned Emperor of France

1771 – Sir Walter Scott born, Scottish novelist, poet, biographer and historian; (novels) Ivanhoe, and Waverly; (poem) “The Lady of the Lake”



1790? – Nicolas Chauvin * may have been a French soldier, so blindly devoted to his idol Napoleon and all things French that the word chauvinism was coined from his name, originally meaning over-zealously patriotic and disdainful of all other nations. Now it is used to describe anyone who insists on the superiority of whatever they espouse by disparaging its opposite. Since there is no birth record for him, he may be apocryphal, so Napoleon’s birthday was chosen as the date for Chauvin Day * to remind us that anything taken to extremes becomes ridiculous

1796 – John Torrey born, first professional botanist in America; co-founder of the New York Lyceum of Natural History, now the NY Academy of Science; author of  Flora of the Northern and Middle States; appointed botanist to New York state (1836-1843)

1818 – Bridget “Biddy” Mason born as a slave, separated from her parents, given as a wedding gift to Robert Smith and his bride; she bore three children whose likely father was Robert Smith. When Smith converted to Mormonism, he moved his entire household West, ending in the free state of California, where Biddy Mason filed a petition for her freedom in Los Angeles County Court, but was not allowed testify on her own behalf; when Smith failed to appear, she, her three daughters and 13 other slaves were granted their freedom, a landmark decision in California law. While she had no formal education, she had been trained by other slave women as a midwife, and found work in Los Angeles delivering babies. She saved enough to buy a house and land, one of the first black women to own property in Los Angeles, then successfully bought and sold property during the land boom, amassing a substantial profit, a great deal of which she used to start a daycare center, a shelter and soup kitchen for the poor, and giving much of the money to build the Los Angeles First AME Church

1824 – Marquis de Lafayette arrives in NY to begin an American tour

1841 – Julia Tutwiler born, American educator and social reformer; advocate for prison reform, Livingston Normal College president; Alabama Women’s Hall of Fame inductee

1843 – Tivoli Gardens, now one of the world’s oldest amusement parks, opens in Copenhagen, Denmark



1848 – M. Waldo Hanchett patents the dental chair

1848 – Edith Nesbit born, British author, poet and political activist, publishes children’s books under the name E. Nesbit, co-founder of the Fabian Society



1860 – Henrietta Vinton Davis born, American orator and playwright; first international organizer for the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL); Declaration of the Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World signatory, served as an officer in the UNIA-ACL and later the rival UNIA, Inc.

1877 – Thomas Edison writes the president of the Telegraph Company suggesting that “hello” would be a more appropriate greeting than “ahoy” when answering the telephone

1887 – Marion Eugenié Bauer born, American composer, teacher and author; composed piano, orchestral and vocal pieces; associated with New York University and Juilliard; editor of the Musical Leader, author of Twentieth Century Music 



1887 – Edna Ferber born, American novelist and playwright; 1925 Pulitzer Prize for So Big; novels Giant, Showboat, Saratoga Trunk: also co-author with George S. Kaufman of plays Dinner at Eight, Stage Door



1890 – Jacques-François Ibert born, French orchestral composer; briefly administrator of the Paris Opera (1955), but resigned because of ill health



1904 – Bill Baird born, American puppeteer

1912 – Julia Child born, American author of Mastering the Art of French Cooking



1914 – The Panama Canal officially opens to commercial traffic.  SS Ancon is the first ship to pass through the canals

1920 – Polish-Soviet War: During the Battle of Warsaw, the day of the ‘miracle on the Vistula’ when several Polish soldiers report seeing a vision of the Virgin Mary, and a surprise Polish counter-offensive on the Red Army’s flank, while it is engaged in attacking the city, soundly defeats the Soviets, and keeps Poland independent

1924 – Robert Bolt born, English dramatist, A Man for All Seasons, and radio play author; Academy-award-winner for Doctor Zhivago and A Man for All Seasons screenplays



1927 – John Cranko born in South Africa, dancer-choreographer with Sadler’s Wells and the Royal Ballet, director of the Stuttgart Ballet; opera stage director



1933 – Mike Seeger born, American folk musician, folklorist, and music documentary producer, primarily for Smithsonian Folkways; Pete Seeger’s half-brother



1935 – Will Rogers and Wiley Post were killed in a plane crash in Alaska

1939 – The Hollywood premiere of The Wizard of Oz at Grauman’s Chinese Theater



1947 – India is split into the independent nations of India and Pakistan. Muhammad Ali Jinnah becomes first Governor-General of Pakistan

1948 – The Republic of Korea is established south of the 38th parallel north

1957 – David Simons reaches 101,526 feet (30,942 meters) in Man High 2 balloon, and USAF Captain Joe Jordan reaches 103,389 feet (31,513 meters) in an F-104 jet fighter

1960 – Republic of the Congo becomes independent from France

1961 – East German workers begin construction on the Berlin Wall

1969 – Opening Day: Woodstock Music and Art Fair will draw over 400,000 people



1971 – Bahrain becomes independent from the UK

1973 – U.S. military stops bombing Cambodia

1979 – Led Zeppelin releases their album In Through the Out Door



1985 – Fourth-grader Sean Moeller founds National Relaxation Day *, saying in a Des Moines Register interview that cleaning and real work are not part of relaxation



1986 – U.S, Senate approves economic sanctions against South Africa

1994 – U.S. Social Security Administration becomes an independent agency, separating from Department of Health and Human Services

1995 – In South Carolina, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet to enroll at The Citadel; after death threats are made against her family, she drops out

2001 – Astronomers announced discovery of first solar system outside our own after discovery of two planets orbiting a star in the Big Dipper

2013 – The Smithsonian announces discovery of the olinguito, first new carnivoran species found in the Americas since 1978



2015 – The American Veterinary Medical Association launches Check the Chip Day * –
https://www.avma.org/Events/pethealth/Pages/Check-the-Chip-Day.aspx

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: August 15, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    I just love Julia Child: “Ooooooh, NEVER overcook an egg!”

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