ON THIS DAY: September 1, 2017

September 1st is

Emma M Nutt Day *

World Letter Writing Day *

No Rhyme (Nor Reason) Day
(words that don’t rhyme)

International Day of the Taiji Dolphins *

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MORE! Johann Pachelbel, Ann Richards and Bobby Fischer, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

 Islam: Eil al-Adna (Feast of Sacrifice)

Australia – Birdsville, Queensland:
135th Birdsville Horseraces

Eritrea – Bahti Meskerem
(Revolution Day)

Germany – Hamburg:
Off the Radar Music Fest

Netherlands – Utrecht:
Lief Music Festival

Slovakia – Constitution Memorial Day

Sweden – Stockholm:
Popaganda Festival

Uzbekistan – Mustaqillik Kuni
(Independence Day)

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On This Day in History

717 – Byzantine navy defeats an 1,800-ship Muslim armada using Greek Fire

1449 – Tumu Fortress Crisis: Ming dynasty Emperor Zhu Qizhen captured by Oirat Mongols, and held captive

1532 – Anne Boleyn is made Marquis of Pembroke by King Henry VIII of England

1593 – Arjumand Banu born, Mughal Empress, consort of Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal as her final resting place

1604 – The Sikh Holy Scripture, Guru Granth Sadib, is installed at Harnabdir Sahib

1608 – Giacomo Torelli born, Italian stage designer and engineer of innovative machinery for spectacular stage effects

1653 – Johann Pachelbel born, German composer and organist, remembered for his Canon in D Major



1715 – French King Louis XIV dies after 72 year reign, longest of any major European monarch

1772 – Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa is founded by Father Junipero Serra



1773 – African-American slave Phillis Wheatley’s Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral is published by act of Parliament in England

1791 – Lydia Huntley Sigourney born, American poet, known as the “Sweet Singer of Hartford,” published under the name Mrs. Sigourney

1804 – German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding discovers a large asteroid in the Main Belt, and names it Juno

1807 – Former U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr found innocent of treason

1810 – John H. Wood patents the first plow with interchangeable parts

1815 – Emma Stebbins born, American sculptor and painter; her “Angel of the Waters” is at Bethesda Terrace in New York’s Central Park



1836 – Narcissa Whitman, a missionary, one of the first English-speaking white women to settle west of the Rockies, arrives in Walla Walla, Washington, with her husband

1849 – Elizabeth Harrison born, American educator, founder of National Louis University, created professional standards for early childhood teachers

1854 – Engelbert Humperdinck born, German playwright and composer



1854 – Anna Botsford Comstock born, American artist, educator and conservationist, illustrator and co-author or author of several books including Manual for the Study of Insects and The Handbook of Nature Study

1859 – Pullman Sleeping cars go into service



1873 – Cetshwayo becomes King of the Zulus upon the death of his father Mpande

1875 – Edgar Rice Burroughs born, American author; creator of Tarzan series

1876 – Harriet Shaw Weaver born, English journalist and political activist and
suffragette; publisher and later editor of The Egoist; literary executor of James Joyce

1877 – Francis William Aston born, English chemist; 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovery of isotopes in non-radioactive elements, and work on whole-number rule

1878 – J.F.C. Fuller, British Major General, military historian, pioneering theorist on modern armored warfare; after retirement, became an admirer of fascism and Hitler; only senior British officer not asked to return to service during WWII

1878 – Emma M. Nutt becomes first woman telephone operator for Boston’s Telephone Dispatch Company, then worked the job for 33 years.  Emma M. Nutt Day *celebrates her achievement and honors telephone operators

1883 – Anita Bush born, American stage actress and playwright, founder of Anita Bush All-Colored Dramatic Stock Company, a repertory theatre company which brought theatre to black audiences

1886 – Othmar Schoeck born, Swiss composer



1897 – Boston’s Tremont Street Subway opens, the first underground rapid transit in North America

1902 – The pioneering science fiction film, A Trip to the Moon, premieres in France



1905 – Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian federation

1906 – International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys established, based in Basel, Switzerland

1907 – Walter Reuther born, United Automobile Workers Union president (1946-1970)

1910 – Peggy van Praagh born in England, ballet dancer; Australian Ballet founder



1914 – St. Petersburg, Russia, renamed Petrograd by the Imperial government

1919 – Hilda Hänchen born, German physicist, discoverer of the Goos-Hänchen effect

1920 – The Fountain of Time opens in Chicago IL to commemorate 100 years of peace between the U.S. and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent

1920 – Liz Carpenter born, American activist, feminist, author, journalist, media adviser and speech writer; as a reporter covered presidents Franklin D Roosevelt through John F Kennedy



1923 – Kantō Earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, leaving 105,000 dead

1933 – Ann Richards born, American politician and feminist, 45th Governor of Texas, known for her quick-witted one-liners



1939 – General George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army

1939 – The Nazis invade Poland; in Germany, Adolf Hitler signs an order to systematically euthanize mentally ill and disabled people

1939 – The Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan head of the Swiss Armed Forces, and mobilizes them

1942 – A federal judge in Sacramento CA upholds the wartime detention of Japanese-American citizens as well as Japanese nationals


Japanese Internment Camp at Manzanar


1951 – The U.S., Australia and New Zealand sign the ANZUS treaty for mutual defense

1952 – Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea is published, which will win the Pulitzer Prize

1958 – Iceland expands its fishing zone overlapping the U.K. zone, starts the Cod Wars

1961 – The first conference of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is held in Belgium; NAM has 120 member countries, not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc; founding nations are Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt and Ghana; their declaration is known as “The Initiative of Five”

1972 – American Bobby Fischer defeats Russian Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, to become world chess champion

1977 – Generation X released their debut single “Your Generation”



1979 – Space probe Pioneer 11 passes Saturn at distance of 13,000 miles (21,000 km)

1985 – A joint U.S.-French expedition locates the wreckage of RMS Titanic

1991 – Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union

2003 – International Day of the Taiji Dolphins * is launched by the Dolphin Project to raise awareness of Japanese dolphin hunting season, which opens on September 1 each year. Hundreds of dolphins are slaughtered, but some are captured for sale to marine parks. Hunting permits are issued by the Japanese government

2005 – Richard Simpkin wanted to photograph and interview people he considered Australian Legends, so he wrote dozens of letters asking to meet them. He was always elated when he got a reply. By 2005, he had interviewed and photographed 80 people. This project inspired him to found World Letter Writing Day * on September 1 (not to be confused with U.S. National Letter Writing Day on December 7)

2009 – In Vermont, a law allowing same-sex marriage goes into effect

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

6 Responses to ON THIS DAY: September 1, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    WordCloud9, you’re scaring me!

  2. pete says:

    “What a lot we lost when we stopped writing letters. You can’t reread a phone call.”
    Liz Carpenter

    “Thank you text and e-mails.”
    Dept. Homeland Security

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Exactly Pete – and how is it that it’s a crime to open someone’s snailmail without a warrant, but it’s OK to troll through their emails and text messages?

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