ON THIS DAY: September 14, 2017

September 14th is

Cream-Filled Donut Day

Eat a Hoagie Day

Galactic Space-Time Ripple Day *

Live Creative Day

RAINN Day (Rape-Abuse-Incest National Network)

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MORE! Luigi Cherubini, Alice Stone Blackwell and Larry Collins, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity – Exaltation of the Holy Cross/Holy Cross Day/Holy Rood Day *

Bolivia – Día de Cochabamba
(Cochabamba uprising)

Japan – Ibaraki: Tabanka Matsuri
(Temple fire extinguished celebration)

Nicaragua – San Jacinto Day
(National war battle)

Turkey – Istanbul:
Contemporary Istanbul Art Fair

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On This Day in HISTORY

AD 81 – Domitian, younger son of Vespasian, is acclaimed Emperor of the Roman Empire by the Praetorian Guard upon the death of his brother Titus – bad news for the Roman Senate, as he is adept at keeping the affection of the army and the people in an era of prosperity while severely curtailing their power – when Domitian is assassinated in AD 96, the Senate condemns his memory to oblivion



326 – Helena of Constantinople discovers the ‘True Cross’ * and ‘Holy Sepulchre’ in Jerusalem

786 – “Night of the three Caliphs”: Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi, and al-Rashid’s son al-Ma’mun is born the same night

1180 – Genpeo War: Battle of Ishibashiyama is won by forces of the Taira clan led by Oba Kegechika against a much smaller force of the Minamoto clan under by Minamoto no Yoritomo, who will become Shogun less than a decade later



1607 – End of the Nine Years War and the Old Gaelic Order: ‘The Flight of the Earls’ – Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone and Rory O’Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, with some ninety followers. leave Ulster, Ireland, for exile in Spain and Italy

1682 – Founding of Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest in Wales

1728 – Mercy Otis Warren born, American author, poet and historian, wrote one of the earliest histories of the American Revolution: History of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the American Revolution



1741 – George Friedrich Handel completes his Messiah for an orphan’s charity concert



1752 – First day in the British Empire under the Gregorian calendar

1760 – Luigi Cherubini born in Italy, French composer of opera and sacred music



1769 – Alexander von Humboldt born, German naturalist, geographer and explorer; laid foundations for fields of biogeography and geomagnetic and meteorological monitoring; his multi-volume treatise Kosmos helped form a holistic view of the Universe as a single interacting entity; first scientist to describe effects of human-induced climate change he observed in 1800 and 1831; the Humboldt Current, numerous geographic features, flora and fauna are named in his honor



1791 – The Papal States lose Avignon to Revolutionary France

1812 –As Napoleon’s army occupies the city, Moscow blazes for four days, destroying almost 75% of the buildings. Cause is disputed, but incendiarists interrogated by the French say they were under orders to burn “everything”



1829 – The Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, ending the Russo-Turkish War

1854 – Julia Magruder born, American novelist; several of her stories were serialized in the Ladies Home Journal; recipient of an award from the Académie Française

1857 – Alice Stone Blackwell born, suffragist, journalist and human rights activist; daughter of suffragist Lucy Stone (who pioneered keeping maiden name after marriage) and Henry Blackwell, abolitionist, and advocate for women’s equality and suffrage



1866 – George K. Anderson patents the typewriter ribbon

1867 – Charles Dana Gibson born, American artist and illustrator


The Greatest Game in the World – His Move by Charles Dana Gibson


1879 – Margaret Sanger born, American birth control activist, sex educator, and nurse; popularized the term birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the U.S.; founded organizations that evolve into Planned Parenthood Federation of America



1882 – Winnifred Mason Huck born, investigative journalist exposing abuses in the prison system; also a politician, third woman to be elected to the US Congress (R-IL 1922-1923) in a special election to take her father’s seat after his death

1887 – Karl Compton born, American physicist; president of M. I. T. (1930-48)

1897 – Margaret Rudkin born, American businesswoman, founder of Pepperidge Farm

1901 – U.S. President William McKinley dies of assassination gunshot wounds, and Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President

1902 – Alice Tully born, American operatic soprano, music promoter and philanthropist; on the boards for the New York Philharmonic, the Metropolitan Opera and the Juilliard School; recipient of the Handel Medallion

1910 – Rolf Lieberman born, Swiss composer, and Artistic Director of the Hamburg State Opera (1959-1973) and the Paris Opera (1973-1980)



1915 – Carl Muench patents the first sound-absorbing material, made from cellulose fibers, for use as wall board

1917 – Russia is declared a republic

1921 – Constance Baker Motley born, American lawyer, judge, politician and civil rights activist, first female attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, wrote original complaint in Brown v. Board of Education, first African American woman to argue before the U.S. Supreme Court, first African American woman to be appointed as a federal court judge, recipient of the Presidential Citizens Medal and the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP

1929 – Larry Collins born, American journalist, historian, and author; Newsweek Paris bureau; co-author with Dominique Lapierre, Is Paris Burning?,  Or I’ll Dress you in Mourning and Freedom at Midnight

1930 – Allan D. Bloom born, American philosopher and classicist; champion of the Great Books idea of education; author of the controversial book, The Closing of the American Mind, in which he protests the ousting of the classics of literature and philosophy from the curriculum

1934 – Sarah Kofman born, French philosopher, author and educator, wrote books on Nietzsche and Freud

1934 – Kate Millett born, American author, artist and activist, wrote the influential book Sexual Politics, advocate for women’s rights and mental health reform



1938 – First flight of the VS-300, its design based on Igor Silorsky patents

1940 – Congress passes Selective Service Act, the first U.S. peacetime draft

1948 – Groundbreaking ceremony in NYC for United Nations world headquarters


 


1951 – Arrigo Barnabé born, Brazilian experimental musician-composer



1959 – Soviet space probe Luna II is first man-made object on the moon when it crashes

1960 – OPEC founded by agreement between core members Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela

1969 – The first day of the U.S. military Draft Lottery

1972 – TV series The Waltons premieres on CBS

1975 – Pope Paul VI declares Mother Seton a saint, the first saint born in the U.S.

1978 – Mork and Mindy premieres on ABC-TV



1983 – Metallica’s first public performance of “Disposable Heroes” at German festival



1984 – Joe Kittenger completes first solo balloon flight across the Atlantic Ocean

1985 – The longest bridge in Malaysia, Penang Bridge opens, connecting the island to the mainland

1999 – Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations

2000 – Microsoft releases Windows ME (millennium edition)

2001 – The FBI releases the names of the nineteen hijackers  involved in the 9-11 terrorist attacks

2015 – Galactic Space-Time Ripple Day * – In Livingston, LA, and Hanford, WA, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detected gravitational waves * for the first time


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: September 14, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    All day I have had the feeling that I have forgotten somebody’s birthday.
    September 14 September 14 September 14. WHO IS IT?

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