ON THIS DAY: September 17, 2017

September 17th is

Citizenship Day

Constitution Day *

Monte Cristo Sandwich Day *

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MORE!  Frederick von Steuben, Harriet Tubman and Francis Chichester, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Angola – Heroes’ Day

Canada – Toronto ON:
Garlic Festival & Breath Contest

Germany – Munich:  Oktoberfest

Tonga – Birthday of Crown Prince
Tupouto’a ‘Ulukalala 

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On This Day in HISTORY

456 – Remistus, a Visigoth newly appointed as a Roman General under Western Roman Emperor Avitus (a Gaul), having clashed with the Roman Senate during the absence of Avitus from Italy, is captured by the Senate army and put to death. When Avitus returns, disliked for giving foreigners jobs usually filled by Romans, and the poor state of the Italian economy, is soon deposed

1394 – King Charles VI decrees all Jews are to be from expelled from France

1479 – Celio Calcagnini born, Italian humanist, scholar, scientist and astronomer; acquainted with Copernicus, and Erasmus; had a major impact on the literary and linguistic ideas of Rabelais

1577 – The Treaty of Bergerac, signed on September 14, 1577, between Henry III of France and Huguenot princes, is ratified by the Edict of Poitiers. The treaty restricts the Huguenots to practicing their faith in the suburbs of one town in each judicial district

1677 – Stephen Hales born, English physiologist and chemist, inventor of Forceps



1683 – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek sends a letter to the Royal Society describing ‘animalcules’ – the first known description of protozoa

1730 – Frederick von Steuben born, Prussian officer, then American major general who served as inspector general, head of training and Washington’s chief of staff; his Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, was the standard American drill manual until the Civil War

1743 – Nicolas de Condorcet, aka Marquis de Condorcet, born, French philosopher, mathematician and early political scientist; advocate for economic liberalism, free and equal public instruction, constitutionalism, and equal rights for women and people of all races; the Condorcet method of voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election



1776 – The Presidio Real de San Francisco is founded at the tip of San Francisco’s peninsula in what was then Alta California in New Spain

1778 – First treaty between U.S government and a tribe, the Delaware Nation

1787 – Constitution Day *- U.S. Constitution is adopted and signed by delegates on September 17 by the Constitutional Convention

1796 – President George Washington’s Farewell Address read before U.S. Congress

1802 – Mercy Jackson born, American physician; a pioneer in U.S. women’s acceptance in the field of medicine

1849 – Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery



1854 – David Dunbar Buick born in Scotland, American businessman, founder of the Buick Motor Company

1859 – Joshua A. Norton declares himself “Norton I, Emperor of the United States” in San Francisco, where he is tolerantly regarded as harmless eccentric, and “money” issued in his name is accepted at establishments where he is known

1862 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American military history, with 23,100 dead and wounded

1866 – Mary Burnett Talbert born, African-American orator, suffragist and reformer; worked to develop black women leaders and women’s clubs, early advocate of women of all colors working together for women’s rights



1867 – Vera Popova born, one of the first Russian female chemists; first Russian woman author of a chemistry textbook, and first to die in a laboratory explosion in 1896, while attempting to synthesize methylidynephosphane, which is not successfully synthesized until 1961 (prone to spontaneous combustion at room temperature)

1872 – Phillip W. Pratt patents a type of sprinkler system

1883 – William Carlos Williams born, American poet, short story writer, and essayist



1884 – Charles Tomlinson Griffes born, American composer

1901 – Francis Chichester born, English pilot and sailor, first person to sail single-handed around the world by the clipper route, and the fastest circumnavigator, in nine months and one day overall in 1966–67

1904 – Frederick Ashton born, English choreographer and director of the Royal Ballet

1907 – Elizabeth Enright born, American author and illustrator, won the Newbery Medal in 1938 for Thimble Summer; multiple O. Henry Award winner for short stories

1908 – The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as a passenger, crashes, killing Selfridge, who becomes the first airplane fatality

1910 – The exact date, who created it and at which Parisian café are all in dispute, but there’s no disputing that the diet-busting Monte Christo sandwich * is delicious!

1911 – C.P. Rogers takes off from New York on the first transcontinental airplane flight, which takes 82 hours before he lands in Pasadena CA

1916 – Mary Stewart, born Mary Florence Rainbow, British novelist and poet, pioneer in the romantic mystery genre; her Merlin series has elements of both historical and fantasy fiction



1922 – Agostinho Neto born, Angola’s preeminent poet as well as leader of the Angolan liberation movement; first President of Angola (1975-1979)

1923 – Hank Williams born, American country western singer-songwriter and guitarist



1930 – Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist and composer



1931 – RCA Victor demonstrates the long-playing (LP) phonograph record

1939 – Frank Sinatra and the Harry James Orchestra record “All or Nothing at All”



1944 – World War II: Allied Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as part of Operation Market Garden, the largest use by the Allies of airborne forces yet in WWII.  Market Garden, a massive and complex operation attempting to encircle the Ruhr, heart of the German war industry, ultimately fails, prolonging the war in Europe

1947 – James V. Forrestal, the last Cabinet-level U.S. Secretary of the Navy, is sworn in as the first U.S. Secretary of Defense, when the armed services are re-organized

1954 – Joël-François Durand born, French pianist and composer



1954 – William Golding’s classic novel Lord of the Flies is published

1965 – The Smothers Brothers Show debuts on CBS



1967 – The Doors appear on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing “Light My Fire” and “People Are Strange”



1972 – M.A.S.H. premieres on CBS-TV



1976 – NASA unveils its first space shuttle, the Enterprise

1978 – The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt

1980 – After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity is established

1985 – The Free Software Foundation is born, sponsor of Software Freedom Day *

1988 – The 1988 Summer Olympics open in Seoul, South Korea

1991 – The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet

2001 – The New York Stock Exchange reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression

2002 – Kelly Clarkson releases her first single “Before Your Love/A Moment Like This”



2011 – ‘Occupy Wall Street’ begins in New York City

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: September 17, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    Oh I loved M*A*S*H! Ir is the only TV show I regularly watched. When my kid was little and I never had any time to myself, the re-runs used to come on at 11 at night and I would relax for a half hour for the first time all day. What a great show!

    • wordcloud9 says:

      When I heard they were going to make a TV series out of it, I was very skeptical – the movie had been so irreverent and free-wheeling, and those were things you didn’t see much on television, and when you did, it usually died quickly in the ratings wars.

      So I tuned in, expecting some silly sit-com version. It was different from the movie, but it was GOOD. I watched every week, thinking it was doomed to last only one season. Normally, I am a very good predictor of the quick demise of TV shows – the more I like it, the faster it will go off the air. But for once, the American viewing audience agreed with me!

      And it just kept getting better. It was a great show, and holds up really well in re-runs, which comedy often doesn’t, because it is that combination of character-driven comedy and true-to-life drama. But I wonder how it would fare if it was a new show just starting now. It’s so full of all the things we’re missing in society these days – kindness, honesty, caring for others, reality, community, good humor, tolerance, HEART.

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