ON THIS DAY: September 24, 2017

September 24 is

Bluebird of Happiness Day

Cherries Jubilee Day *

Punctuation Day *

International Day of the Deaf

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MORE!   John Marshall, Bhikaiji Cama and Jim Henson, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Austria – Saint Rupert

Bolivia – Pando: Santa Cruz Day

Cambodia – Constitutional Day

Canada – Peterborough, Ontario:
Purple Onion Festival

Dominican Republic – Our Lady of Mercy

Guinea Bissau – National Day

New Caledonia – Féte de la Citoyenneté
(New Caledonia Day)

Peru – Virgen de la Merced

South Africa – Heritage Day

Trinidad and Tobago – Republic Day

Togo – Failed Attack on Lomé Anniversary

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On This Day in HISTORY

622 – Muhammad and his followers complete their Hijrah from Mecca to Medina

787 – Second Council of Nicaea restores the use and veneration of icons which had been banned by Byzantine Emperor Constantine V

1755 – John Marshall born, American politician and jurist; influential fourth U.S. Supreme Court chief justice


 


1780 – Benedict Arnold flees to the British lines when his plot to surrender West Point is exposed

1789 – President Washington signs the Judiciary Act into law after it was passed by Congress, creating the office of U.S. Attorney General, federal trial courts in each state and setting up the Supreme Court with a Chief Justice and five Associate Justices who would have exclusive jurisdiction over all civil actions between states, or between a state and the federal government, as well as appellate jurisdiction over the decisions of the lower federal courts and the state courts

1825 – Frances Ellen Watkins Harper born, African-American abolitionist, lecturer, poet and author



1837 – Mark Hanna born, American business man and politician; uses his wealth and influence on McKinley’s presidential campaign, and pushes for the canal to be built in Panama instead of other proposed sites in Central America

1852 – Henri Giffard’s airship, the first powered by a steam engine. travels 17 miles (27 km) from Paris to Trappes

1859 – Julius Klengel born, German composer and cellist



1861 – Bhikaiji Cama born, Indian independence activist; after leaving India for medical treatment, the British government refuses to let her return because of her activism, until shortly before she died in 1936



1869 – “Black Friday” panic caused by speculators Jay Gould and James Fisk, in collusion with financier Abel Corbin, trying to corner the gold market on the New York Gold Exchange. Abel Corbin, President Ulysses S. Grant’s brother-in-law, is involved in the scandal, which, combined with improprieties and scandals connected to Grant appointees to office, undermines the stability of Grant’s administration

1890 – A.P. Herbert born, English novelist, humorist, playwright and legal reform activist; wrote several musical librettos and for Punch; elected MP for Oxford (1935-1939) and pushed for the Matrimonial Causes Act of 1937, which expanded grounds for divorce beyond adultery and shortened the length of the process



1890 – Woodruff Manifesto: Under pressure from the U.S government, Wilford Woodruff, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, issues an authoritative and binding” statement renouncing plural marriage

1896 – Queen Victoria surpasses George III as Britain’s longest-reigning monarch, but her Diamond Jubilee is celebrated on the anniversary of her coronation, June 28, 1897.  Auguste Escoffie created Cherries Jubilee * in honor of the occasion 

1896 – F. Scott Fitzgerald born, famed American Jazz Age novelist; The Great Gatsby, Tender Is the Night



1898 – Charlotte Moore Sitterly born, American astronomer, known for extensive spectroscopic studies of the Sun and chemical elements; her tables of data are known for their reliability and still in use today



1900 – Stephen Bechtel born, American construction engineer; Bechtel Corporation

1915 – Douglas Fairbanks appears in his first starring role when the silent film The Lamb premieres in New York City



1923 – ‘Fats’ Navarro born, American jazz trumpeter; pioneer in bebop



1932 – The Poona Pact: B. R. Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi sign an agreement that there shall be seats reserved for the Depressed Classes out of the general electorate in the provincial legislatures, which ends Gandhi’s fast in protest of separate electorates for Dalits (untouchables)

1936 – Jim Henson born, American puppeteer; creator of the Muppets



1938 – Valentina Grizodubova, Marina Raskova and Paulina Ossipenko begin their flight to set an international women’s record for straight-line distance, flying nonstop from Moscow to Siberia


L to R: Grizodubova, Ossipenko and Raskova


1946 – Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong

1957 – U.S. President Eisenhower sends federal troops to Little Rock AR to enforce school integration

1960 – The USS Enterprise, the first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, is launched in Newport News VA

1961 – The Bullwinkle Show premieres in prime time on NBC-TV, after being on ABC in the afternoon as Rocky and His Friends



1967 – President Lyndon B. Johnson issues Executive Order 11246 prohibiting sex discrimination in employment by the federal government and by federal contractors

1968 –The Vogues get a gold record for “Turn Around Look at Me”



1968 – 60 Minutes debuts on CBS-TV

1976 – Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst is sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery

1977 – Styx releases “Come Sail Away”



1982 – U.S., UK, Italian and French peacekeeping troops arrive in Lebanon

1991 – Nirvana releases their Nevermind album



1994 – The National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and supporters to resist the dictatorship in Myanmar

1996 – U.S. President Clinton and other world leaders sign a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty to end testing and development of nuclear weapons

2004 – Jeff Rubin, The Newsletter Guy, starts Punctuation Day *



2007 – The Big Bang Theory premieres on CBS television



2007 – United Auto Workers walk out of GM plants in the first nationwide strike during auto contract negotiations since 1976; a tentative pact ends the walkout 2 days later

2012 – Disputes over the Diaoyu Islands, claimed by Japan, Taiwan and China, escalate as rumors circulate that the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Press and Publication has instructed publishers not to release books relating to Japan or by Japanese authors, and Beijing bookstores pull Japanese books from their shelves; several Japanese firms had already closed their offices in the Chinese capitol and some diplomatic events cancelled

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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