ON THIS DAY: September 27, 2017

September 27th is

Ancestor Appreciation Day

Chocolate Milk Day

Crush A Can Day (recycle)

World Tourism Day *

Gay Men’s HIV/AIDS Awareness Day *

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MORE!  Thomas Nast, Rachel Carson and Meat Loaf, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Belgium – French Community Day

Bhutan – Local Elections Day

Eritrea and Ethiopia – Meskel
(Discovery of the True Cross)

Madagascar – St. Vincent de Paul Day
(Patron saint)

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On This Day in HISTORY

1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail for England for the Norman Conquest. Tostig and Hardrada, allies of William, had already defeated the local Northumbrian forces at the Battle of Fulford


Battle of Hastings, on the Bayeux Tapestry


1389 – Cosimo de Medici born, Florentine ruler

1540 – A Papal Bull establishes the Society of Jesus, the Jesuits, as a religious order

1552 – Flaminio Scala born, stage name Flavio, major figure in Commedia dell’Arte, actor-manager, playwright, and producer-director; author of the first published collection of commedia scenarios, Il Teatro delle Favole Rappresentative, which inspired Lope de Vega, William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and Molière



1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history

1722 – Samuel Adams born, American philosopher and Founding Father



1777 – Lancaster, PA, becomes the American capital for one day when the British capture Philadelphia and the Continental Congress flees. The next day, the revolutionary government moved to York, PA, which became the capital for the next 9 months

1779 – John Adams is selected to negotiate peace terms with the British

1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces the successful transliteration of  Egyptian script on the Rosetta Stone



1824 – Benjamin Gould born, American astronomer, establishes The Astronomical Journal, a peer-reviewed scientific publication, and discovers the Gould Belt, a partial ring of stars in the Milky Way

1825 – George Stephenson operates the first locomotive to haul a passenger train, for the Stockton and Darlington Railway, in Britain

1840 – Thomas Nast born in Germany, American political cartoonist


 

1874 Thomas Nast Republican Elephant cartoon in Harper’s Weekly


1861 – Corinne Roosevelt Robinson born, American writer, poet, and public speaker; sister of Theodore and aunt of Eleanor Roosevelt; first woman called on to second a nomination of a Presidential candidate of a major U.S. political party, at 1920 Republican convention, for Leonard Wood, but he loses the nomination to Warren G. Harding; out of love and admiration for Eleanor, she does not campaign for Hoover in 1932 and votes for FDR



1871 – Grazia Deledda born, Italian author, Nobel Prize laureate

1874 – Myrtle Reed born, author, poet, journalist and philanthropist; published under pen-name Olive Green.

1879 – Cyril Meir Scott born, English composer, writer and poet



1886 – Wilhelmina (Minnie) Vautrin born, American missionary to China, who saves  lives of many women and girls when the Japanese invaded Nanjing in 1937

1894 – The Aqueduct Race Track opens in New York

1898 – Vincent Youmans born, American songwriter for Broadway and Hollywood; “Tea for Two,”  “More Than You Know,” “Flying Down to Rio,” “I Want to Be Happy” and many others, with a long list of lyricists as collaborators 



1905 – The physics journal Annalen der Physik receives Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” which introduces E= mc²

1908 – First production of a ‘Model T’ Ford at the Ford Motor plant in Detroit MI

1911 – Marcey Jacobson born, American photographer; a socialist and lesbian who did most of her best-known work in Mexico during the McCarthy era, photographing indigenous peoples of Chiapas, in Southern Mexico



Iglesia Chamula, Chiapas, Mexico, by Marcey Jacobson


1916 – Iyasu V is deposed as ruler of Ethiopia, his aunt becomes Empress Zewditu, the first female head of an internationally recognized state in 20th century Africa, and the last Empress regnant to date

1918 – Sir Martin Ryle born, English physicist and astronomer; develops revolutionary radio telescope systems, used for accurate location and imaging of weak radio sources

1924 – Earl “Bud” Powell born, American jazz pianist and composer



1928 – The U.S. announces its recognition of the Nationalist Chinese government

1928 – Margaret Rule born, British archaeologist, leader of the project to excavate and raise the Tudor warship Mary Rose in the 1980s


Margaret Rule in 1980 – project director for lifting the Mary Rose



1932 – Marcia Neugebauer born, American geophysicist whose work yielded the first direct measurements of the solar wind

1938 – The League of Nations brands the Japanese as aggressors in China

1938 – “Thanks for the Memory” is heard for the first time on radio’s Bob Hope Show

1938 – Artie Shaw records “Nightmare”



1939 – Warsaw, Poland, surrenders after weeks of resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II

1940 – Fatema Mernissi born, Moroccan sociologist and scholar, one of the founders of Islamic feminism



1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched, the first of over 2,700 Liberty ships

1947 – Meat Loaf  born as Marvin Aday, American singer-songwriter, record producer



1953 – Diane Abbott born, British Labour Party MP for Hackney North and Stoke Newington, the first black woman to hold a seat in the House of Commons


Shadow health secretary Diane Abbott at 2016 Labour conference


1954 – The “Tonight!” show debuts on NBC-TV with Steve Allen as host

1962 – Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring is published; in Sweden, their word for pesticides is changed to mean biocide because Carson argues that ‘insecticide’ is inaccurate as all living things are being poisoned through water and soil contamination



1964 – The Beach Boys perform “I Get Around” on the Ed Sullivan Show

1964 – The Warren Commission issues its report concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in assassinating President John F. Kennedy

1964 – Tracy Camp born, American computer scientist, noted for wireless network research, and her leadership in broadening participation in computer science; Association for Computing Machinery 2006 Distinguished Scientist, named an ACM Fellow in 2012

1966 – Stephanie D. Wilson born, American aerospace engineer and NASA astronaut; second African American woman in space

1968 – The Byrds release “Sweetheart of the Rodeo” in the UK



1968 – Mari Kiviniemi born, Finnish politician, second woman Prime Minister of Finland (2010-2011); since 2014, Deputy Secretary General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew insists he won’t resign after “no contest”  plea to change of tax evasion, but does resign October 10

1979 – U.S. Congress gives final approval to Department of Education Organization Act, establishing the federal agency

1980 – The U.N. World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) promotes the first World Tourism Day *

1986 – U.S. Congress passes Tax Reform Act to simplify the tax code, and eliminate several tax shelters and loopholes, but many of them were quickly restored again

1989 – Columbia Pictures Entertainment buys out Sony Corporation for $3.4 billion

1991 – The Senate Judiciary Committee deadlocks, 7-7, on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court



1991 – The U.S. eliminates all land-based tactical nuclear arms and calls on Soviet Union to do the same

1994 – The “Contract with America” signed by more than 300 Republican Congressional candidates is unveiled at a press conference: shrink government, cut spending, slash government assistance programs to restore “individual responsibility,” cut taxes and eliminate government regulations

1995 – Redesigned $100 bill features larger off-center portrait of Benjamin Franklin



1996 – The Taliban drives the government of Afghani President Burhanuddin Rabbani out of Kabul, captures Afghanistan’s capital and executes former leader Najibullah

2004 – North Korea announces it turned 8,000 spent nuclear fuel rods into nuclear weapons as a deterrent against U.S. “nuclear threats” and to “prevent” nuclear war in
northeast Asia. U.S. State Department issues statement that the U.S has no plans to attack North Korea

2007 – NASA launches the Dawn probe to study objects in the asteroid belt

2008 – National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA) launch Gay Men’s HIV/AIDS Awareness Day *


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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