ON THIS DAY: October 22, 2017

October 22nd is

Make a Difference Day *

National Knee Day *

National Nut Day

National Color Day

National Smart is Cool Day

International Stuttering Awareness Day *

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MORE! Franz Liszt, Doris Lessing and Jean-Paul Sartre, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Egypt – Abu Simbel Sun Fest

Peru – Censo Nacional de
Poblacíon (National Census)

United States – Salem, MA
Psychic Fair & Witchcraft Expo (til 10-31)

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On This Day in HISTORY

362 – The temple of Apollo at Daphne, near Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire

794 – Emperor Kanmu moves Japan’s capital from Nagaoka-kyō to Heian-k yō (now Kyoto)



1511 – Erasmus Reinhold born, influential German astronomer and mathematician; catalogues a large number of stars, and creates Prutenicae Tabulae (Prussian Tables), based on Copernican calculation methods, which become the foundation for calendar reform under Pope Gregory XIII in 1582

1575 – Aguascalientes is founded in North-Central Mexico by Juan de Montoro as a postal service rest stop between Zacatecas and Mexico City


North Tower, 18th century Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, Aquascalientes


1633 – Battle of Liaoluo Bay: On the southern coast of Kinmen Island, near the Chinese mainland, the Ming dynasty navy defeats the fleet of the Dutch East India Company, which is attempting to control all shipping in the Taiwan Strait

1730 – Construction is completed on the Ladoga Canal, linking the Neva and Svir Rivers, a project of Peter the Great to increase the safety and speed of transporting goods to St.Petersburg

1746 – The College of New Jersey, originally a school to train ministers, receives its charter, after moving to Princeton NJ, it is renamed Princeton University



1784 – Russia founds a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska

1797 – Andre-Jacques Gamerin makes the first recorded parachute jump, from about 3,000 feet (1,000 meters)

1811 – Franz Liszt born, Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso



1836 – Sam Houston is the inaugurated as first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas

1844 – Followers of William Miller face “The Great Disappointment” when Jesus Christ didn’t return to earth, nor does the world end, on the sixth date which Miller ‘predicted’

 1870 – Ivan Bunin, Russian author and poet, first Russian awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature (1933)

1879 – Thomas Edison conducts first successful experiments with high-resistance carbon filament

1882 – Edmund Dulac born in France, English book and magazine illustrator



1882 – N. C. Wyeth born, painter, and one of America’s greatest illustrators


Treasure Island: Jim Hawkins and Long John Silver by N C Wyeth 


1883 – In New York, the newly-organized National Horse Show Association of America hold the first national horse show in the U.S.; and the Metropolitan Opera House holds its grand opening (this building will be demolished in 1967)


The Old Metropolitan Opera House-1883


1887 – John Reed born, American radical journalist

1903 – George Wells Beadle born, American geneticist

1905 – Karl Guthe Jansky born, American physicist and pioneer of radio astronomy; discovers radio waves emanating from the Milky Way in 1931

1907 – Panic of 1907 begins as depositors withdraw money from many New York banks

1910 – Dr. Crippen is convicted at London’s Old Bailey of poisoning his wife, is sentenced to hang

1919 – Doris Lessing born, British novelist, poet, playwright, 2007 Nobel Prize in Literature; The Grass Is Singing, The Golden Notebook



1920 – Timothy Leary, American psychologist, author and advocate for psychedelic drug therapy; conducts experiments with LSD and psilocybin

1925 – Edith Kawelohea McKinzie born, Hawaiian genealogist, author, and hula expert

1925 – Robert Rauschenberg born, American painter and illustrator

Robert Rauschenberg in his studio


1927 – Nicolas Tesla introduces a motor with one-phase electricity

1929 – Dory Previn born, American singer-songwriter and guitarist



1931 – Ann Rule born, American true crime author

1934 – FBI agents kill bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd in a shoot-out in Ohio

1941 – WWII: French Resistance member Guy Môquet, and 29 communist prisoners turned over by the Vichy government, are executed by the Germans in retaliation for the assassination of a German officer

1942 – Bobby Fuller born, American singer-songwriter and guitarist



1943 – Catherine Deneuve born, French International film star; 1993 Oscar for Best
Actress for Indochine; UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for the Safeguarding of Film Heritage (1994-2003), also involved with Children of Africa,Voix de femmes pour la démocratie (Voice of women for democracy), and Amnesty International

1947 – Deepak Chopra born in British India, American alternative medicine advocate, author and public speaker

1952 – Julie Dash, American film producer-director-writer, her 1991 feature, Daughters of the Dust, is the first full-length film directed by an African-American woman to be in general theatrical release in the U.S.

1934 – Federal agents shoot to death bank robber “Pretty Boy” Floyd

1954 – Federal Republic of German is invited to join N.A.T.O.

1957 – Vietnam War: During a series of widespread Viet Minh guerrilla bombings and assassinations which begin in this month, over 400 South Vietnamese officials are killed by year’s end; on this day, the U.S. Army suffers its first casualties

1959 – Marc Shaiman born, American composer-lyricist for theatre, film and television



1962 – President Kennedy informs Americans that he has ordered U.S. forces to blockade Cuba, in response to discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island

1964 – Jean-Paul Sartre refuses to accept the Nobel Prize in Literature

1965 – The Rolling Stones release “Get Offa My Cloud” in the U.K.



1968 – Apollo 7 slashes down in the Atlantic Ocean, after 163 orbits of the Earth

1976 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration bans Red Dye #4 after it is discovered to cause tumors in dogs

1981 – The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization is decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August

1983 – New York’s Metropolitan Opera celebrates its 100th anniversary

1986 – President Reagan signs the Tax Reform Act of 1986 into law

1992 – First Make a Difference Day * started by USA Weekend Magazine, now sponsored by USA Today to encourage people to volunteer in their communities

1995 – The 50th anniversary of the United Nations is marked by a record number of world leaders gathering


1995 British pound coins stamps honoring the UN’s 50th anniversary


1996 – The first October 22 Coalition to Stop Police Brutality Day * organized to protest brutality and repression by law enforcement; the coalition also sponsors the Stolen Lives Project, which documents officer-involved killings

1998 – The first International Stuttering Awareness Day * is created and sponsored by International Stuttering Association

2010 – The International Space Station sets 3641 day record for longest continuous human occupation of space



2015 – The first National Knee Day * – love ‘em or hate ‘em, ya can’t get around very well without knees!

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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