ON THIS DAY: November 3, 2017

November 3rd is

Jellyfish Day

Cliché Day

Housewife’s Day

Public Broadcasting Day *

Sandwich Day

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MORE! Karl Baedeker, Oodgeroo Noonuccal and John Barry, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Dominica – Independence Day

Ecuador – Cuenca: Independence Day

Federated States of Micronesia –
Independence Day

Japan – Bunka no Hi
(culture day)

Laos – Ventiane:
That Luang Festival

Maldives – Victory Day

Myanmar – Thasaung Mong Full Moon
(festival of lights)

Panama – Separación de Panamá
de Columbia (Independence Day)

Samoa – Arbor Day

Sri Lanka – Ill Full Moon Poya Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

AD 39 – Lucan born, Roman poet

644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is assassinated by a Persian slave in Medina

1333 – Chronicler and banker Giovanni Villani records major damage in Florence Italy when the River Arno floods

1493 – Christopher Columbus first sights the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea

1500 – Benvenuto Cellini born, Italian master goldsmith, artist and sculptor


Perseus, by Benvenuto Cellini


1507 – Leonardo DaVinci is commissioned by Lisa Gherardini’s husband to paint her portrait, which will come to be known as the Mona Lisa


 


1534 – English Parliament passes the first Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Anglican Church, supplanting the pope and the Roman Catholic Church

1560 – Annibale Carracci born, Italian artist, a pioneer of the Baroque style


Self-portrait by Annibale Carracci (detail)


1631 – The Reverend John Eliot arrives in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first Protestant minister to dedicate himself to converting American Indians to Christianity

1689 – Jan Josef Ignác Brentner born, Czech composer



1783 – The American Continental Army is disbanded

1793 – French playwright, feminist and abolitionist Olympe de Gouges (Déclaration des droits de la femme et de la citoyenne – Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Citizeness – 1791) is guillotined for her opposition to the execution of Louis XVI, and a poster which demands a plebiscite so the people could choose between a unitary republic, a federalist government or a constitutional monarchy



1793 –Stephen F. Austin born, principle founder of Texas; Austin is named for him

1794 – William Cullen Bryant born, American poet; one of the first American poets to be well-known in Europe as well as at home; “Thanatopsis”

1801 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian opera composer, is born



1801 – Karl Baedeker born, German publisher whose guidebooks set the standard for reliably informing tourists on routes, transport, accommodation, restaurants, tipping, what sights to see, walks and prices; introduced the star rating system

1817 – The Bank of Montreal, Canada’s oldest chartered bank, opens in Montreal

1838 – The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language broadsheet daily is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce



1839 – The first Opium War between China and Great Britain erupts

1845 – Edward Douglass White born, American jurist; Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1910-1921); formulated the Rule of Reason standard of antitrust law

1856 – Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo born, Spanish scholar and historian, whose main interest was the history of ideas; nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in Literature

1867 – Giuseppe Garibaldi and his followers are defeated in the Battle of Mentana and fail to end the Pope’s Temporal power in Rome (they win 3 years later)

1868 – John Willis Menard, the first African American elected to the U.S. Congress, is never seated because of an electoral challenge

1892 – First automatic telephone, invented by Almon Strowger, goes into service in LaPorte, IN

1900 – First U.S auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in NY

1901 – Andre Malraux born, French novelist, first French Minister of Cultural Affairs (1959-1969);  La Condition Humaine (Man’s Fate)



1903 – With “encouragement” from the U. S., Panama separates from Colombia

1903 – Walker Evans born, American photographer known for his stark photos of America during the Great Depression


 Sharecroppers Tengle family, Hale County, AL – by Walker Evans 1936


1905 – Loïs Mailou Jones born, influential American artist and teacher, the African-American woman painter best-known in the 1930s-1940s outside the U.S.

Loïs Mailou Jones in her Paris studio, 1930s – Ubi Girl from Tai Region

1909 – James Reston born in Scotland, American journalist, correspondent, and columnist for the New York Times (1974-1987)



1911 – Louis Chevrolet, French racing driver and automotive engineer, founds the Chevrolet Motor Company with William C. Durant and several investors


Chevrolet Series C classic-six, 1911


1917 – Annapurna Maharana born, Indian pro-independence activist and prominent social and women’s rights advocate, a close ally of Gandhi

1918 – Elizabeth Paschel Hoisington born, U.S. Army office, one of the first two woman to attain the rank of brigadier general; director of the Women’s Army Corps (1965-1971)

1918 – Poland declares its independence from Russia

1918 – Oodgeroo Noonuccal, born Kath Walker, Australian poet, political activist and key figure in the movement to grant Aboriginal people full citizenship in the Australian Constitution; first Aboriginal Australian to publish a book of verse

1924 – Violetta Elvin born as Violetta Prokhorova, Russian prima ballerina with the Bolshoi, then Sadler’s Wells Ballet (now the Royal Ballet) in England



1930 – Mable John born, American blues vocalist; first woman signed by Berry Gordy for Motown’s Tamia label



1933 – John Barry born, English-American composer and conductor



1936 – President Franklin Roosevelt was re-elected in a landslide over Alf Landon

1941 – U.S. Ambassador to Japan John Grew warns that the Japanese may be planning a sudden attack on the U.S.

1947 –Mazie Hirono born, American politician; U.S. Congresswoman (D-HI 2007-2013); U.S. Senator (D-HI) 2013 to present

1948 – Lulu, aka Marie Lawrie, Scottish pops singer, is born



1949 – Anna Wintour born in England, American journalist and editor; editor-in-chief of Vogue since 1988; a former personal assistant, Lauren Weisberger, wrote the 2003 best seller, The Devil Wears Prada

1954 – The first Godzilla movie is released

1956 –Cathy Jamieson born, Scottish Labour Party politician, MP for Kilmarnock & Loudon (2010-2015); Minister for Justice in the Scottish Executive (2003-2007)

1957 – The U.S.S.R. launches Sputnick 2, carrying the first animal to enter orbit, a stray dog named Laika – she died within hours from overheating, possibly caused by the failure of the central R-7 sustainer to separate from the payload, but the Soviets never planned for her survival

1960 – Land became the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was established by an Act of Congress after a year-long legal battle between local residents and Port Authority of New York and New Jersey officials wanting to build major regional airport for jet aircraft on the site

1964 – Washington D.C. residents are eligible to vote in a presidential election for the first time

1969 – Public Broadcasting Day * –  The Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) forms the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) to interconnect public television stations and distribute programming

1973 – NASA launches the Mariner 10 probe toward Mercury



1975 – Good Morning America premieres on ABC-TV

1978 – Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom

1979 – Greensboro massacre: Five Communist Workers Party members are shot dead and seven are wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis during a “Death to the Klan” rally in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States

1986 – Iran–Contra affair: The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the U.S. has been secretly selling weapons to Iran in order to secure the release of seven Americans held hostage by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon

1987 – China tells the U.S. it will stop selling arms to Iran

1992 – Carol Moseley-Braun is the first African-American woman elected as a U.S. senator (D-IL)



1997 – The U.S. imposes economic sanctions against Sudan in response to its human rights abuses of its own citizens and its material and political assistance to Islamic extremist groups across the Middle East and Eastern Africa

2002 – At Kai Tak Airport in Hong Kong, 777 people assembled a 58,435 square foot jigsaw puzzle with 21,600 pieces

2005 – Walt Disney Pictures releases Chicken Little, its first completely computer animated film

2010 – The Federal Reserve announces a plan to buy $600 billion in Treasury bonds over the next eight months in an attempt to boost lending and stimulate economy

2014 – The main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center, One World Trade Center, officially opens

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

8 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 3, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    National Cliche Day! HA! I, myself, would never use a cliche. Well, I did once but I’m starting now with a clean slate. It may be a tough row to hoe, but where there’s a will, there’s a way. I will avoid cliches like the plague. I really get bent out of shape when I read published works full of cliches. Not that I want to blow my own horn, but I can definitely do better than that! By hook or by crook, I will write in original prose without tired old cliches. Paragraphs full of old, tired expressions just can’t cut the mustard. Writing without them is easy as pie; I don’t want clarity of speech to fall by the wayside. Not to flog a dead horse, but for all intents and purposes, the use of cliches really gets my goat. I’m happy as a clam without them. And the icing on the cake is that concise, spare writing kills two birds with one stone: it leaves no stone unturned; and it sets the record straight. So I mean to take the bull by the horns and vow to never touch a cliche with a ten-foot pole. That’s my two cents’ worth for today.

  2. Terry Welshans says:

    You will need a keen eye to do that…..

  3. Malisha says:

    Benvenuto Cellini — I have a story for that too.
    When I was in high school, my father used to travel to a nearby city about once a month for business. Our little public library did not have the most exciting collection. At one point when he was preparing for his trip I asked if he could buy, and bring me back, Yevgeny Yevtushenko’s book “Precocious Autobiography.” I eagerly awaited it.
    He brought me a biography of Benvenuto Cellini. I was kind of shocked, and asked, “why did you get me this?” He answered, “Oh isn’t that what you asked for?”
    So I read it. Can’t remember a thing it said.

  4. When my granddaughter was 15 and in the tenth grade, she went with me to Barnes & Noble. As we went in, she asked, very shyly, if I would mind letting her buy a book. When I asked her what she wanted, she asked, “Have you heard of a writer named Frederich Nietzsche?”

    Full stop!

    Asked her to repeat the question. She said she wanted to read Beyond Good and Evil. I bought her that and she read it. In the tenth grade. By the time she finished tenth grade, she had read most of his important works.

    She has a collection of leather bound classics. Couple of years ago, I got her a copy of The Essays, by Michel de Montaigne. She is still working on that one.

    One might say she is intellectually curious. She hated high school.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      My husband and I were working our way through George Orwell’s “Collected Works” several years ago – in his letters, he wrote to a friend that he had just gotten the new P. G. Wodehouse Wooster and Jeeves book, and remarked, “I know he thinks Nietzsche is fundamentally unsound, but Jeeves is beyond good and evil.”

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