ON THIS DAY: November 9, 2017

November 9th is

Chaos Never Dies Day

Microtia Awareness Day *

National Greek Yogurt Day

World Freedom Day *

International Tempranillo Grape Day *

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MORE! Ivan Turgenev, Erika Mann and Carl Sagan, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Azerbaijan – State Flag Day

Cambodia – Independence Day

Germany – Berlin Wall Opening Day *

Pakistan – Allama Muhammad Iqbal Day

Peru – Día de Camaná
(Camaná province anniversary)

Spain – Madrid: Virgen de la Almudena
(Virgin Mary celebration, Madrid’s patron)

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On This Day in HISTORY

694 – Egica, Visigoth King of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, and sentences all Jews to slavery

1620 – Pilgrims on the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod MA


Mayflower in riptide off Monomoy point, painted by Mike Haywood


1664 – Johann Speth born, German organist and composer



1697 – Claudio Casciolini born, Italian singer and composer



1732 – Julie de Lespinasse born, Frenchwoman who hosted an influential Salon during the Enlightenment; also noted for her love letters, published over 30 years after her death, first to the Marquis de Mora, son of the Spanish Ambassador to France, who died from tuberculosis in 1774, and then to the Comte de Guibert, whose marriage to another woman led to her downward spiral into depression and opium addiction, and death at 43

1801 – Gail Borden born, American inventor of condensed milk

1802 – Elijah P. Lovejoy born, American Presbyterian minister, newspaper editor and abolitionist, murdered by a pro-slavery mob in Alton IL during an attack on his press to destroy it and his abolitionist newspaper

1818 – Ivan Turgenev born, Russian author and playwright; Fathers and Sons



1851 – Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape, where he is convicted, and serves 15 years in prison

1853 – Stanford White, American architect, co-founder McKim, Mead & White; he was murdered in 1906 by Harry Thaw enraged and obsessed with White’s seduction of Thaw’s wife, Evelyn Nesbit Thaw, one of several teenage girls he seduced and raped; Nesbit had been a 16-year-old chorus girl (probably even younger, as she likely lied about her age to get work) prior to her marriage to Thaw

1854 – Maud Howe Elliott born, American writer, co-author with her sister of a biography of their mother, Julia Ward Howe, which won the 1917 Pulitzer Prize for Biography, the first year the prize was given in this category

1857 – The Atlantic Monthly is founded in Boston MA



1871 – Florence R. Sabin is born, pioneering woman in medical science; first female full professor at John Hopkins School of Medicine; first woman elected to the National Academy of Sciences; first female department head at Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research; Chaired the Colorado Governors’ Committee on Health, spear-heading campaign to pass health reform laws, named the ‘Sabin Health Laws’ in her honor, which drastically reduced tuberculosis cases in the state, expanded and improved hospital care, and became a blueprint for health reform in other states



1872 – The Great Fire of Boston begins, which would burn 65 acres of the city

1877 – Allama Muhammad Iqbal * is born, Pakistani poet, philosopher and politician

1880 – Giles Gilbert Scott born, English architect, designed the red telephone box



1887 – The U.S. gets rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

1902 – Anthony Asquith born, English film director and screenwriter

1905 – Erika Mann born, daughter of Thomas Mann, German anti-Nazi writer who moved to Switzerland in 1933, then in 1935 entered a marriage of convenience with W.H. Auden to obtain a British passport after her German citizenship was rescinded by the Nazis; her 1938 book, School for Barbarians, criticized the Nazi education system; worked for the BBC during WWII, broadcasting in German, and after D-Day was a war correspondent traveling with the Allied forces, also covered the Nuremberg trials; after the war, she moved to the U.S., but was branded a Communist by the McCarthy witchhunt, and moved back to Switzerland

1906 – Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting U.S. President to make an official trip outside the country, going to Panama to inspect progress on the Panama Canal



1907 – The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday

1911 – George Claude of Paris, France, applies for a patent on neon signs

1913 – The Great Lakes Storm of 1913 destroys 19 ships and kills over 250 people

1914 – Hedy Lamarr born in Austria, American film star, and inventor who developed a radio guidance system with composer George Antheil, which used spread spectrum and frequency hopping technology that was twenty years ahead of the time, and became the basis for modern Wi-Fi, CDMA, and Bluetooth technology



1916 – Martha Settle Putney born, American lieutenant and historian who served as one of the first black members of the WWII Women’s Army Corps, and chronicled the history of African Americans in the U.S. armed forces

1921 – The Italian National Fascist Party is founded

1922 – Dorothy Dandridge born, first black American to be nominated for an Oscar for Best Actress, for her performance in the 1954 film Carmen Jones

1923 – James Schuyler born, American poet, playwright and novelist; Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his 1980 collection Morning of the Poem

1923 – Elizabeth Hawley born, American journalist, and chronicler of Himalayan expeditions since the early 1960s, even though she’s never climbed a mountain, she is respected by the international mountaineering community for her accurate and detailed records; Peak Hawley in Nepal is named for her

1928 – Anne Sexton born, American poet; 1967 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for her book Live or Die; co-authored four children’s books with poet Maxine Kumin

1934 – Carl Sagan born, American astrophysicist, cosmologist and popular author of Cosmos, and presenter on the TV series



1935 – The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) is founded in Atlantic City NJ, by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor (AFL)

1936 – Mary Travers born, singer-songwriter with Peter, Paul and Mary

1937 – Roger McGough born, English poet, author and playwright; one of the leading Liverpool poets of the 1960s

1938 – Nazis loot and burn synagogues and Jewish-owned stores and houses in Germany and Austria on Kristallnacht, the “night of broken glass”

1938 – Ti-Grace Atkinson born, American radical feminist and author; early member of the National Organization for Women, but left NOW over disputes over abortion and marriage inequalities; founder of  The Feminists(1968-1973), advocate of political lesbianism; author of Amazon Odyssey

1940 – The city of Warsaw is awarded Poland’s highest military honor, Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari, for heroism and courage in the face of the enemy

1941 – Tom Fogarty born, American guitarist with Creedence Clearwater Revival



1946 – Dame Marina Warner born, British novelist and historian whose non-fiction works frequently relate to feminism and myth; first woman elected president of the Royal Society of Literature since its founding in 1820

1948 – Jane Humphries born, American-British Professor of Economic History and Fellow of All Souls College at the University of Oxford; her field is economic growth and development and the industrial revolution; Gender and Economics, Childhood and child labour in the British Industrial Revolution

1953 – Cambodia gains independence from France

1960 – Robert McNamara becomes the first non-Ford family member to be named president of Ford Motor Company, but he resigns to join the Kennedy administration

1960 – Sara Franklin born, American anthropologist, who combines ethnographic methods and kinship theory with fieldwork on IVF, cloning, embryology and stem cell research, as well as leading major research studies addressing the cultural and social dimensions of new reproductive and genetic technologies

1962 – The Miracles release “You’ve Really Got a Hold on Me”



1965 – A series of blackouts leave the U.S. Northeast and parts of Canada in the dark

1967 – The first issue of Rolling Stone magazine is published



1970 – The U.S. Supreme Courts votes 6–3 against hearing a case to allow enforcement of a Massachusetts law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war

1973 – Billy Joel’s song “Piano Man” is released



1976 – U.N. General Assembly approves 10 resolutions against South African apartheid

1979 – NORAD computers detect a purported massive Soviet nuclear strike. After raw date is reviewed from satellites and early-warning radar is checked, alert is cancelled

1985 – Garry Kasparov, 22, of the Soviet Union becomes the youngest World Chess Champion by beating fellow Soviet Anatoly Karpov

1989 – Berlin Wall Opening Day * – East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall, allowing its citizens to travel to West Berlin



1994 – The chemical element Darmstadtium is discovered

1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences

2001 – First World Freedom Day * to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall

2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan

2011 – TAPAS, the Tempranillo Advocates, Producers and Amigos Society, holds its first International Tempranillo Grape Day * to celebrate this Spanish wine grape used in making the great Spanish reds, like Rioja and Ribera del Duero.

2011 – Penn State fires university president Graham Spanier and football coach Joe Paterno for their mishandling of child sex abuse allegations against former assistant coach Jerry Sandusky

2016 – The Ear Community Organization starts Microtia Awareness Day, * to bring attention to this birth defect that effects about 1 in every 9,000 children born, which causes deafness and ear deformity. The cause has not been discovered, and research is underfunded, but advancements in bio-ear technology can improve ear appearance.



2016 – Hillary Clinton wins the popular vote by 2,864,974 votes, but loses her bid to become the first woman president of the U.S. to Donald Trump in the Electoral College vote, 227-304

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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3 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 9, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    Chaos never ends day: who brought us that? I did a little research on Google and couldn’t find out. Any ideas anybody?

    • wordcloud9 says:

      I couldn’t find who started it either, but it seems to be very true these days, especially politically, so I included it.

  2. Chaos theory explained. Sort of. Even the simplest system is not completely predictable.
    The most complex system has a simple core.

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