ON THIS DAY: November 11, 2017

November 11th is

World Origami Day *

Pocky Day *

National Sundae Day

National Numbered Highways Day *

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MORE! Dostoyevsky, Wealthy Babcock and Albert Einstein, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

In many countries:  Armistice /Remembrance Day/Veteran’s Day/Death-Duty Day – honoring soldiers, especially those who died in WWI

Angola – Independence Day

Bhutan – Constitution Day

Denmark – Mortens Day

Latvia –  Lāčplēša Day *

Maldives – Republic Day

Poland – Independence Day *

Switzerland –
Sursee: Cutting of the Goose *
Gansabhauet: Saint Martin’s Day *

Sint Maarten – Sint Maarten Day *

United States of America – Veteran’s Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

397 –St. Martin, Bishop of Tours, dies on November 8. November 11 is his feast day* Many eat goose on this date, because a honking goose revealed where he was hiding from clergy who wanted to make him Bishop. Old folklore holds that one can stand in the back of a church on Martinmas and see auras around the heads of congregants who will not be living by the next Martinmas



1215 – 4th Lateran Council defines the doctrine of transubstantiation, the belief that bread and wine used in Communion transforms into the body and blood of Christ

1493 – Paracelsus born, Swiss physician, alchemist, botanist and astrologer; the “father of toxicology”

1620 – The Mayflower Compact is signed by the male passengers of the Mayflower in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, establishing government based on male majority vote and allegiance to the crown.

1634 – Pressured by Anglican Bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes ‘An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.’ In 1640, Bishop Atherton and his steward are tried and executed for buggery.

1675 – Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German polymath, demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y=f (x)

1696 – Andrea Zani born, Italian violinist and composer



1744 – Abigail Adams born, politically influential First Lady, early advocate for women’s rights



1750 – Qing dynasty Ambans, commissioners sent to govern Tibet, are killed in a riot, along with the majority of Han Chinese and Manchus living in Lhasa, after the Tibetan regent is murdered. Qing Troops are sent, and quickly quell the rebellion.

1821 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky born, Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, and philosopher; Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov



1831 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged for inciting a violent slave uprising

1839 – The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) is founded in Lexington, Virginia

1851 – Alvan Clark patents a telescope

1865 – Bhutan cedes areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company in the Treaty of Sinchula

1868 – Édouard Vuillard born, French painter

La Comtesse Lanskoy, circa 1935, by Édouard Vuillard


1869 – The colony of Victoria, Australia passes the ‘Aborginal Protection Act’ giving extensive powers to its Board of Protection of Aborigines, including regulation of where they could live and work, and who they could marry.  While the Board did provide institutional care for some children fathered by white men and abandoned by their mothers (often the victims of sexual trafficking or rape), they also removed “half-caste” children, especially girls, from their Aboriginal families, creating the ‘Stolen Generation’

1887 – Four anarchist labor activists are executed for conspiracy to commit murder, even though there was no evidence that any of them were involved in the bombing at Haymarket Square. The ‘Haymarket Riot’ in Chicago’s Haymarket Square began as a peaceful rally supporting workers striking for an 8-hour day and mourning the police killing of six strikers. An unknown person threw a bomb at the policemen trying to disperse the public meeting, and the blast, combined with gunfire, resulted in the death of 7 police officers and at least 4 civilians, while scores of others were wounded.

1889 – The state of Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state

1895 – Wealthy Consuelo Babcock born, American mathematician, received a master’s in 1922 and a doctorate in 1926, both from the University of Kansas, where she taught for 30 years; the K.U. Wealthy Babcock Mathematics Library was named in her honor

1896 – Shirley Graham Du Bois born, African-American author, playwright, composer, and civil and human rights activist; director of the Chicago Negro Unit of the Federal Theatre Project of the WPA; member of Sojourners for Truth and Justice, which worked for global women’s liberation, and the American Communist Party. She married her second husband, W.E.B. Dubois, in 1951, and they emigrated to Ghana, where he died in 1963. After a coup d’état in 1967, she left, and later became a citizen of Tanzania. Noted for her novels, There Was Once a Slave, about Frederick Douglass, and Zulu Heart

1901 – F. Van Wyck Mason born, American historian and novelist; started by writing for the pulp fiction magazines, then wrote intrigue novels, many featuring Captain Hugh North, but concentrated more on historical fiction from the late 1930s on. Seeds of Murder, Saigon Singer, Three Harbors, Our Valiant Few, Guns for Rebellion 



1915 – Anna Jacobson Schwartz born, American economist, monetary expert and author

1918 – Fighting in World War I comes to an end with the signing of an armistice between the Allies and Germany

1918 – Józef Piłsudski is appointed Commander in Chief of Polish forces by the Regency Council – he proclaims an independent Polish state, celebrated as Poland’s Independence Day,* and in Austria, Emperor Charles I relinquishes power over both  Austria and Hungary without abdicating, hoping the people would vote to recall him, but after the election, he and his wife eventually go into exile

1919 – Latvians defeat the Freikorps (mostly German mercenaries) at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence, celebrated as Lāčplēša Day *

1921 – U.S. President Harding dedicates the ‘Tomb of the Unknowns’ at Arlington National Cemetery

1922 – Kurt Vonnegut born, American novelist and short story writer; Cat’s Cradle, Slaughterhouse-Five, Breakfast of Champions



1926 – The United States Numbered Highway System * is established, coordinated by the American Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials

1930 – Albert Einstein and Leó Sziláed patent their invention, the Einstein refrigerator

1934 – The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Australia is opened

1938 – Kate Smith sings Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America” for the first time on network radio

1940 – The Jeep makes its debut



1960 – A military coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam is crushed

1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait

1965 – In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence

1966 – NASA launches Gemini 12

1966 – Pocky Day * – Japan’s Ezaki Glico launches the Pocky,  a chocolate-coated biscuit stick

1967 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to “new left” antiwar activist Tom Hayden

1972 – The U.S. Army turns over its base at Long Binh to the South Vietnamese army, symbolizing the end of direct U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War.

1975 – Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam, appoints Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister and announces a general election to be held in early December

1975 – Independence of Angola

1980 – The Friends of The Origami Center of America (now OrigamiUSA) is founded, sponsors of World Origami Day

1981 – Antigua & Barbuda joins the United Nations

1984 – The USS Ohio, the first Trident class submarine, is commissioned

1987 – Vincent Van Gogh’s Irises is sold for a record $53.9 million



1992 – The General Synod of the Church of England votes to ordain women priests

1993 – A sculpture honoring American women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.



1997 – Metallica releases its single “The Memory Remains”



1999 – The House of Lords Act is given Royal Assent, restricting membership of the British House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage

2000 – Republicans go to court seeking an order to block manual recounts from continuing in Florida’s presidential election

2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington

2006 – Queen Elizabeth II unveils the New Zealand War Memorial in London, UK, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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5 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 11, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    That painting of irises is so beautiful! Although I generally can “take or leave” paintings of flowers, for some reason that one really speaks to me. When my son was a young adult he lived in a single-wide trailer in a trailer park (he had purchased it to start building equity to become a homeowner at some point). We had about a thousand deep purple irises growing (and multiplying each year) right out front of the ugly little hovel. The gardens in the rest of the park were well tended but had no such gorgeous proliferation of glory.
    Soon my son became a kind of “weird guy” in the park. One neighbor on the left wanted to chat and be friendly and was fascinated by “what” we might be. (“Where are you guys out of?” “Originally? New York.” “No I meant — I mean — um” “Oh, you mean are we Jewish? YES!” “Oh that’s what I tole Mary; I said, ‘I bet they’s Eye-talians!'” “Aha [laughing]” “Yup.”) He insisted on mowing our lawn for us. He wouldn’t accept pay and insisted, “I love to mow the lawn!” I’d buy him a six-pack from time to time.
    This neighbor did not like our neighbor on the OTHER side, because he was Black. Admitted it, too. So once when I cleared up sticks from my other neighbor’s lawn that my son’s dog had dragged there, this chatty neighbor took issue with me and said I shouldn’t be cleaning up the neighbor’s lawn. I answered, “But I like both my neighbors, and you do US favors; besides, it was OUR dog who made the mess so it’s my responsibility.” He looked at me kind of fiercely but didn’t speak.
    When my son bought a piece of land and prepared to move out, I went over to my chatty neighbor and said, “Help me dig up half these purple irises for your own yard, OK?” and he eagerly grabbed his garden tools and joined me in the project. He was delighted. I observed, “they spread like wildfire; next year you’ll have twice as many!” He nodded. Then there was a thoughtful moment. Then he said, “I speck you’ll be givin’ d’other half to HIM!” pointing to the other trailer.” “Yes!” I said, and they’ll double over there too! Just watch!” Later he told my son, “I’ll be sad to see you guys gone out of here.”

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Great story – thank you so much for sharing it.

      Irises are my favorite flowers!

      The 1984 Olympics here in Los Angeles are a glowing memory for me – not only did we get the Olympics (and less traffic, because so many Angelenos, fearing gridlock, took vacations then), but there were so many special cultural events – the city just shone. The highlight for me was the exhibition of Impressionists at the L.A. County Art Museum – the first time in over half a century that so many of the paintings had been in the same place at the same time – a number of them on loan from private collections.

      But ‘Irises’ was the one that just overwhelmed me. No reproduction can begin to show the depth of color, the passion of the brushstrokes, or the feeling of LIFE that floods out of this painting at the viewer.

      Anyone who says that the Arts don’t matter, that they don’t change anything, simply doesn’t have eyes to see, or ears to hear. I pity them – they are half-dead already.

  2. It is Armistice Day. A poem for the day.
    Leonard Cohen recites the poem, “In Flanders Fields,” by Lt. Col. John McCrae, MD.

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