ON THIS DAY: November 13, 2017

November 13th is

National Indian Pudding Day

World Kindness Day *

World Orphans Day

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MORE! Edwin Booth, Eva Zeisel and Elton John, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Chippendale NSW:
Chippendale Radical Film Festival

Cayman Islands – Grand Cayman:
Pirate Week Festival

Columbia – Cartagena
Independence Holiday

Myanmar – National Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

354 – Saint Augustine born, Roman bishop and theologian



1715 – Dorothea Erxleben born, first woman medical doctor in Germany, instructed from an early age by her father, she was inspired when Italian scientist Laura Bassi became a university professor to fight for her right to practice medicine. In 1742, she published a tract arguing that women should be allowed to attend university. She became the first German woman to receive a PhD in 1754. After being admitted to study by a dispensation of Frederick the Great, Erxleben received her M.D. from the University of Halle. She went on to analyze the obstacles preventing women from studying, among them housekeeping and children



1732 – John Dickinson, American lawyer and politician, was a member of both the first and second Continental Congresses, and wrote the first draft of the 1776-77 Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania (1782-85)

1789 – Benjamin Franklin, in a letter to a friend, writes: “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”

1792 – Edward Trelawny born, English author and adventurer; friend of Percy Bysshe Shelley and Lord Byron; Adventures of a Younger Son is a memoir of his youth 

1805 – Johann George Lehner, a Viennese butcher, invents a sausage, naming it the “frankfurter”

1833 – Edwin Booth born, American Shakespearean actor, noted for his performances of Hamlet; his career is blighted by his brother’s assassination of Abraham Lincoln


Edwin Booth as Hamlet, circa 1879


1841 – James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnotism

1850 – Robert Louis Stevenson born, Scottish author and poet; Treasure Island


1856 – Louis Brandeis born, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice (1916-1939)



1869 – Helene Stöcker born in Germany, head of the Bund für Mutterschutz (League for
The Protection of Mothers), a pioneering reproductive rights organization that advocates equality under the law for illegitimate children, homes for unwed mothers, sex education, access to contraceptives, legalization of abortion, and the right to divorce. In 1908 it was renamed Bund für Mutterschutz und Sexualreform (adding Sexual Reform)

1869 – Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams born in Russia, liberal politician, writer and feminist; was a leading campaigner for the All-Russian Union for Women’s Equality; left Russia in 1920, and lived in the UK and the U.S., founding the Russian Liberation Committee, and raising money for Russian orphans

1886 – Mary Wigman born Marie Wiegmann, German choreographer and dancer, a pioneer of modern dance and dance therapy



1887 – ‘Bloody Sunday’ in London during a march protesting unemployment, the British Coercion Acts in Ireland, and demanding the release of William O’Brien, MP for Mallow, who was under arrest for drafting the ‘No Rent Manifesto’ urging poor Irish tenant farmers to withhold rent to force the end of landlordism, especially aimed at English and Protestant landlords. Violent clashes took place between the police and demonstrators, many “armed with iron bars, knives, pokers and gas pipes” – 400 protesters were reported arrested and 75 persons badly injured, including many police, two policemen being stabbed and one protester bayoneted

1906 – Eva Zeisel born in Hungary, American industrial ceramics designer whose worker is included in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum, the British Museum, and many other museums around the world



1920 – Guillermina Bravo born, Mexican ballet dancer, choreographer and director, co-founder of Academia de la Danza Mexicana

1927 – The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic, the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City




1933 – The first sit-down labor strike in America takes place in Austin, MN

1937 –NBC starts the first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio broadcasting, conducted for its first 17 years by Arturo Toscanini



1942 –FDR signs a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18

1956 – The U.S. Supreme Court declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott

1961 – The Tokens release “The Lion Sleeps Tonight”



1966 – Susanna Haapoja born, Finnish politician, who served two terms as a Centre Party MP (2003-2009) before her death from a cerebral hemorrhage at age 42

1968 – The Beatles’ animated movie Yellow Submarine U.S. premiere



1969 – Over 45,000 Anti-Vietnam War protesters in Washington, D.C. stage a symbolic ‘March Against Death’

1971 – Three Dog Night releases “Old Fashioned Love Song”



1974 – Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., is killed in a suspicious car crash

1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans

1985 –Xavier Suárez is sworn in as Miami’s first Cuban-born mayor

1986 – The Compact of Free Association becomes law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands independence from the United States

1992 – The High Court of Australia rules in Dietrich v The Queen that although there is no absolute right to have publicly funded counsel, in most circumstances a judge should grant any request for an adjournment or stay when an accused is unrepresented

1994 – Swedish voters pass a referendum to join the European Union

1995 – The Rolling Stones release their acoustic album, Stripped



1997 – The Lion King musical opens on Broadway



1998 – First World Kindness Day * started by the World Kindness Movement

2000 – Elton John releases his live album One Night Only



2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals to try any foreigners captured with connections to the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. It was the first time since World War II that a president had taken such action.

2002 – Saddam Hussein’s government agrees to the return of international weapons inspectors to Iraq

2003 –A judicial ethics panel throws Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore off the bench for refusing to comply with an injunction to remove a Ten Commandments monument from the state courthouse



2009 – NASA announced that water had been discovered on the moon by the planned impact on the moon of the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS)

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 13, 2017

  1. pete says:

    1805 – Johann George Lehner, a Viennese butcher, invents a sausage, naming it the “frankfurter”

    Let me guess, some butcher from Frankfurt invented the Vienna sausage.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      LOL –

      A Vienna sausage (German: Wiener Würstchen, Wiener; Viennese/Austrian German: Frankfurter Würstel or Würstl; Swiss German Wienerli; Swabian: Wienerle or Saitenwurst) is a kind of sausage that is traditionally made from pork and beef. The word Wiener means Viennese in German. In Austria the term “Wiener” is uncommon for this food item, which instead is usually called Frankfurter Würstl.

      The pictures of “Frankfurter Würstl” look more like a long skinny hot dogs than the “Vienna Sausages” in cans that are on the shelves of American supermarkets.

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