ON THIS DAY: November 25, 2017

November 25th is

National Parfait Day

Small Business Saturday

National Day of Listening

International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women *

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MORE! Alfred Nobel,  Peg Lynch and Garth Brooks, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Canberra ACT
Spilt Milk Festival

Bosnia-Herzegovina – Statehood Day

France – St. Catherine’s Day

Peru – Anniversary of Moquegua
(city founding in 1541)

Suriname – Republic Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

885 – Three hundred Viking longships sail the Seine River to Paris to lay siege to the city

1120 – The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, only legitimate son and heir of King Henry I of England, and his half-siblings Matilda and Richard. William Adelin’s death leads to a succession crisis and civil war in England known as ‘The Anarchy’



1487 – Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen consort of England

1491 – The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, ends with the Treaty of Granada, which provided a short truce, and guaranteed a set of rights to the Moors, including religious tolerance and fair treatment in return for their surrender and capitulation – but the subsequent Catholic policy inviting them to convert or be expelled triggered the Moorish uprising of 1500


La Rendición de Granada (The Capitulation of Granada) by F. Pradilla


1562 –Lope de Vega born, Spanish playwright and poet, a key figure in the Spanish Golden Century of Baroque literature

1666 – Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Guarneri is born, Italian violin maker


3 views of 1732 Guarneri del Gesu Ferni violin

 


1715 – Sybilla Thomas Masters, American inventor, becomes the first American colonist to be granted an English patent,  for cleaning and curing maize (Indian corn)

1778 – Mary Anne Schimmelpennick born, British author and abolitionist

1783 – The last British troops leave from New York, three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War

1835 – Andrew Carnegie born, Scottish-American ‘Robber Baron’ turned philanthropist



1844 – Karl Benz born, German engineer, founder of Mercedes-Benz

1846 – Carrie Nation born, American radical temperance advocate, famous for demolishing barrooms with a hatchet

1864 – Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan start fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City

1865 – Kate Gleason is born, first woman enrolled to study engineering at Cornell University, first woman elected to full membership in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, philanthropist and suffragist, friend of Susan B. Anthony; left much of her estate for libraries and parks in her hometown of Rochester NY, and to the Rochester Institute of Technology, which named its college of engineering for her

1867 – Alfred Nobel patents dynamite

1874 – The U.S. Greenback Party, an anti-monopoly party (1874-1889), is established by farmers and others affected by the Panic of 1873



1876 – In retaliation for the U.S. Army defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, troops sent by General George Crook sack the sleeping Cheyenne village of  ‘Morning Star’ (Chief Dull Knife) at the headwaters of the Powder River, scattering their horses,  burning everything in the village, and killing 40 Cheyenne. That night, when the temperature plunges to 30 below zero, 11 babies freeze to death

1880 – Elsie Oxenham, born Elsie J. Dunkerly, author of brooks for girls and young women, who published 87 titles, 38 of them in her Abbey series

1882 – Gilbert and Sullivan’s Iolanthe premieres at the Savoy Theatre in London



1884 – Swiss-born J.B. Meyenberg patents sterilization process for condensed milk

1895 – Helen Hooven Sanymyer born, American novelist and librarian; active in the struggle for women’s rights as a Wellesley student; earned a B.Litt. degree from Oxford University for her thesis on 17th century women writers, and wrote poetry and two novels, but then focused on earning a living, in positions as an educator and librarian until her retirement in 1959; best known for “…And Ladies of the Club”  first published in 1982, when she was 86, then picked up and republished in 1984 by Putnam, when it became a best-seller; she died in 1986, at 90 years of age

1896 – Virgil Thomson born, one of the pioneers of the ‘American Sound’ in orchestral music, awarded a National Medal of Arts (1988)



1900 – Helen Gahagen Douglas born, actor, politician; first woman Democrat elected as a U.S. Congressional representative from California (1944-1950). She ran against Richard Nixon for Senate in 1950, who claimed she was “pink down to her underwear,” termed worst the “red-smear” campaign in American politics; Gahagan Douglas coined the nickname “Tricky Dick” for Nixon



1906 – Alice Ambrose born, American philosopher, logician and author; professor at Smith College (1937-1972 when she became Professor Emeritus); editor of the Journal of Symbolic Logic (1953-1968), and co-author with her husband, Morris Lazerowitz, of  Fundamentals of Symbolic Logic, and several other works

1916 – Peg Lynch born, American actress and producer-scriptwriter; the first woman to create, write, own and star in her own radio and television sitcoms, Ethel and Albert, The Couple Next Door and The Little Things in Life, retaining ownership through her life, and writing nearly 11,000 scripts

1924 – Sybil Bailey Stockdale born, became an activist when her husband, a U.S. Navy pilot, became a prisoner of war during Vietnam, co-founding the National League of Families, a nonprofit organization working on behalf of the families of Missing in Action and POW members of the U.S. military; awarded the Navy Distinguished Public Service Award, the highest honor given by the U.S. Department of the Navy to a civilian not employed by the department

1928 – Etta Jones born, American jazz singer



1929 – Judith Feiner born, American television news and documentary producer; the first woman producer for CBS Reports, where she produced “The Nuclear Battlefield,” which won three Emmy Awards; moving to ABC Close-Up, she produced the award-winning Oh, Tell the World What Happened, and a profile of Franklin Delano Roosevelt; executive producer of American Experience (1987-1996), winning 6 Peabody Awards, and 7 Emmy Awards. President Clinton presented her with the National Humanities Medal in 2000

1936 – In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, agreeing to consult on measures “to safeguard their common interests” in event of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation

1936 – Trisha Brown born, American choreographer and dancer, co-founder of the Judson Dance Theatre

1936 – Phoebe S. Leboy born, American biochemist and advocate for women in science; her work on nucleic acid modifications and bone-forming adult stem cells placed her at the forefront of epigenetics and regenerative medicine

1940 – First flights of the de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder


Martin B-26 Marauder


1945 – Gail Collins born, American journalist, op-ed columnist; first woman Editorial Page Editor for the New York Times (2001-2007)

1947 – New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom

1947 – Movie studio executives meeting in New York agreed to blacklist the “Hollywood 10,” who were cited a day earlier and jailed for contempt of Congress when they failed to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities Committee

1951 – Charlaine Harris born, American mystery and urban fantasy novelist; Aurora Teagarden and Sookie Stackhouse series



1952 – Agatha Christie’s murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London, beginning the longest continuous run of a play in theatre history

1952 – Crescent Dragonwagon born (birthname Ellen Zolotow), prolific American fiction writer; co-founder of the Writer’s Colony at Dairy Hollow in Arkansas; her book, Half a Moon and One Whole Star, won 1986 Coretta Scott King Book Award

1955 – The U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission bans racial segregation on interstate trains and buses

1957 – U.S. President Eisenhower suffers a stroke

1958 – Naomi Oreskes born, American science historian; Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University since 2013

1958 – French Sudan becomes a self-governing member of the French Community

1960 – “Las Mariposas” (the butterflies) – three of the four Mirabal sisters, Patria, Minerva and Maria Teresa, leaders of the Movement of the 14th of June opposing Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo’s regime are assassinated, making them martyrs to both the populist and feminist causes. (See 1999 entry below)



1963 – President John F. Kennedy’s body is interred at Arlington National Cemetery

1973 – Greek President George Papadopoulos is ousted in a military coup

1984 – Thirty-six top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid’s “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia



1986 – U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese announces profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the Nicaraguan anti-communist Contra rebels. National Security Advisor John Poindexter resigns, and Oliver North is fired

1990 – Poland holds its first popular presidential election

1996 – Metallica release their single, “Mama Said”



1997 – Garth Brooks releases his album, Sevens



1998 – Britain’s highest court rules that former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, whose extradition is being sought by Spain, cannot claim immunity from prosecution for the crimes he committed during his rule

1999 – The U.N. General Assembly recognizes and supports a campaign started in the Dominican Republic to honor the three Mirabal sisters, who were political activists  ordered killed by dictator Rafael Trujillo in 1960, which has grown into an international campaign to stop violence against women. The General Assembly designates November 25 as International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, *  the first of the U.N. campaign “16 Days of Activism” leading up to Human Rights Day

2002 – President George W. Bush signs legislation creating the Department of Homeland Security

2003 – The Senate gives final congressional approval to Medicare legislation combining a new prescription drug benefit with measures to control costs before the baby boom generation reaches retirement age

2006 – Israel and the Palestinians agree to a cease-fire to end a five-month Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip and the firing of rockets by Palestinian militants into the Jewish state


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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