ON THIS DAY: December 9, 2017

December 9th is

Official Lost & Found Day *

National Pastry Day

Weary Willie Day *

International Anti-Corruption Day *

International Day of Veterinary Medicine *

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MORE! John Milton, Grace Hopper and Lech Walesa, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Antigua & Barbuda: Vere Cornwall Bird Sr. Day
(1st Prime Minister after independence)

Australia – Melbourne VC:
The Pleasure Garden Music Festival

England – London:
Old Truman Brewery Renegade Craft Fair

Mexico – Cholula: Festival Catrina

Tanzania – Republic Day

Thailand – Pak Chong:
Big Mountain Music Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

730 – Second Arab-Khazar War, Battle of Marj Ardabil: in northwestern Iran, a Khazar army led by Barjik defeats the Umayyad forces under General al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah, who is killed during the battle

1508 –Jemme, aka Gemma, Frisius born, Dutch physician, mathematician, cartographer, astronomer and instrument maker; improved mathematical instruments used in surveying and navigation; created notable globes, terrestrial in 1536, and celestial in 1537


Portrait of Gemma Frisius by Maarten van Heemskerck


1531 – The Virgin of Guadalupe first appears at the hill of Tepeyac, Mexico City, to Juan Diego, the first indigenous Catholic saint from the Americas

1608 – John Milton born, major English poet and philosopher



1617 – Richard Lovelace born, English poet and cavalier



1745 – Maddalena Laura Sirmen born in Venice, Italian violinist and composer



1748 – Claude-Louis Berthollet born, French chemist; first to demonstrate the bleaching action of chlorine gas, and to develop a solution of sodium hypochlorite as a modern bleaching agent

1779 – Tabitha Babbit born, American Shaker toolmaker and inventor who improved the spinning wheel head, and developed refinements of the circular saw

1783 – In London, the first executions at Newgate Prison take place

1793 – New York City’s first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster



1803  The 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed by the U.S. Congress, and sent to the states for ratification. It directs Electors to vote for a President and for a Vice-President rather than for two choices for President

1805 – The first Lost and Found Office opens in Paris in the spring – still looking for connection to December 9th

1848 – Joel Chandler Harris is born in Georgia, American writer, Uncle Remus stories



1851 – The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Canada

1854 – Alfred Lord Tennyson’s poem, “The Charge of the Light Brigade,” is published in England

1870 –Dr. Ida S. Scudder born, third-generation American missionary in India; dedicates her life to fighting bubonic plague, cholera and leprosy, treating India’s women who were not allowed to receive medical treatment from male doctors, and training Indian women as doctors and nurses; founder at the turn of the century of the Christian Medical College and Hospital in Vellore, India, still one of the foremost teaching hospitals in India

1872 – In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first African-American governor of a U.S. state



1882 – Joaquín Turina born, Spanish-French composer



1883 – Joseph Pilates born, German-American fitness expert, developed Pilates

1884 – Levant M. Richardson patents the ball-bearing roller skate

1886 – Clarence Birdseye born, American ‘father of the modern frozen food industry

1892 – Widowers’ Houses, George Bernard Shaw’s first play, opens in London



1897 – After covering the 1896 Congrès Féministe International (International Feminist Congress) for the leading French newspaper Le Figaro, newly converted women’s rights activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper La Fronde in Paris


Feminist poster of Marguerite Durand, using a lion’s tail to past up notices



1898 – ‘Weary Willie’ * aka Emmett Kelly born, American circus clown

1905 – The French Chamber of Deputies passes Concernant la séparation des Églises et de l’État, a law separating church and state

1905 – Dalton Trumbo born, American novelist and screenwriter; one of the Hollywood Ten, blacklisted by the motion picture industry after he refused to testify before the  House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in 1947; he worked clandestinely under other author’s names, winning two Academy Awards for the screenplays for Roman Holiday and The Brave One under fake names

1906 – Grace M. Hopper, American navy officer and computer scientist, developed computer programming language COBOL



1907 – Christmas Seals go on sale for the first time, in a Delaware post office; the proceeds go to fight tuberculosis

1912 – Thomas “Tip” O’Neill born, American politician, U.S. Representative (D-MA 1953-1987), and Speaker of the House (1977-1987)



1915 – Eloise Jarvis McGraw born, American author of books for children and young adults; won the Newbery award for her novels Moccasin Trail (1952), The Golden Goblet (1962), and The Moorchild (1997)

1917 – WWI: British Field Marshal Allenby captures Jerusalem, in Palestine

1922 – Hydroelectric engineer Gabriel Narutowicz is elected as Poland’s first president

1926 – The United States Golf Association legalizes the use of steel-shafted golf clubs

1933 – Ashleigh Brilliant born, Anglo-American author and cartoonist; I May Not Be Totally Perfect, but Parts of Me Are Excellent, and Other Brilliant Thoughts

1934 – Dame Judi Dench born, highly regarded English theatre and film actress; in companies of the National Theatre and the Royal Shakespeare; a seven-time Oscar nominee and one-time winner, and six-time British Academy Film Award winner

1937 – Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing

1942 – Aram Khachaturian’s ballet “Gayane” is first performed by the Kirov Ballet



1943 – Joanna Trollope born, English historical and romance novelist (sometimes under pen name Caroline Harvey), playwright, and author of the non-fiction Britannia’s Daughters: Women of the British Empire

1946 – The “Subsequent Nuremberg trials” begin with the “Doctors’ trial”, prosecuting physicians and officers alleged to be involved in Nazi human experimentation and mass murder under the guise of euthanasia

1946 – Sonia Maino Gandhi born in Italy, Indian politician; Member of the Indian Parliament 1999 to present; Leader of the Opposition 1998-2004; President of the Indian National Congress 1998-2004

1948 – The UN General Assembly adopts the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, currently ratified by 143 countries – naming December 9 the International Day of Commemoration and Dignity of the Victims *



1948 – Marleen Gorris born, Dutch writer-director and outspoken feminist and LGBT rights supporter; became the first woman director whose film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1995 for Antonia’s Line

1950 – Joan Armatrading born, British singer-songwriter



1953 – General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company

1958 – The extreme anti-communist John Birch Society is founded in Indianapolis IN

1959 – International Day of Veterinary Medicine * – although the first international meeting of veterinarians took place in 1863, there wasn’t a formal international organization until 1959, when the World Veterinary Association was formed. This day is a salute to all the organizations like the WVA that provide connections and support for veterinarians, and to all the wonderful vets who care for our animal friends



1960 – Sperry Rand Corporation unveils the Univac 1107 computer

1960 – Caroline Lucas born, British politician, co-leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, and her party’s first elected MP, for Brighton Pavilion since 2010

1961 – Tanganyika becomes independent from Britain

1962 – The Petrified Forest National Park is established in Arizona

1962 – David Lean’s film of Lawrence of Arabia starring Peter O’Toole has its world premiere in London



1964 – The John Coltrane Quartet records “A Love Supreme”



1965 – A Charlie Brown Christmas, first in a series of Peanuts television specials, debuts on CBS



1968 – Douglas Engelbart gave what became known as “The Mother of All Demos” publicly debuting the computer mouse, hypertext, and the bit-mapped graphical user interface using the oN-Line System (NLS)

1974 – George Harrison releases his album Dark Horse



1975 – President Gerald Ford signs a $2.3 billion seasonal loan authorization to prevent New York City from defaulting

1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first human disease driven to extinction

1990 – Lech Walesa wins Poland’s first direct presidential election in the country’s history, and Slobodan Milosovic was elected president in Serbia’s first free elections in 50 years

1991 – European Community leaders agree to begin using a single currency in 1999

1992 – American troops land in Somalia for Operation Restore Hope

1993 – The U.S. Air Force destroys the first of 500 Minuteman II missile silos that were marked for elimination under an arms control treaty

1993 – Astronauts aboard the space shuttle Endeavor completed repairs to the Hubble Space Telescope

2000 – The U.S. Supreme Court, with a 5-4 vote split on strictly party lines, stops the presidential election vote-counting in Florida, handing the election to George W. Bush

2002 – United Airlines files the biggest bankruptcy in aviation history after losing $4 billion in the previous two years

2003 – The UN General Assembly adopts the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), and declares December 9 is International Anti-Corruption Day *



2004 – Canada’s Supreme Court rules that same-sex marriage is constitutional

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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