ON THIS DAY: December 14, 2017

December 14th is

Bouillabaisse Day

Roasted Chestnuts Day *

World Monkey Day *

Yoga Day

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MORE! Tycho Brahe, Aphra Behn and Jimmy Doolittle, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bangladesh – Martyred Intellectuals Day *

Czech Republic – Praha:
Magnetic Music Festival

Taiwan – Guandu:
International Outdoor Sculpture Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

1009 – Atsunaga-shinnō born; in 1036, he will ascend the Chrysanthemum Throne of Japan as Emperor Go-Suzaku (Suzaku II)

1287 – The Zuiderzee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people


Landsat photo of the Zuiderzee in the 21st Century


1542 – James V of Scotland dies, and his six-day-old daughter, Princess Mary Stuart becomes Mary, Queen of Scots

1546 – Tycho Brahe born, Danish astronomer, chemist and writer, known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations

Unraniborg, Brahe’s astronomical observatory and laboratory


1631 – Anne Conway born, English philosopher; lifelong friend and correspondent of Henry More, of the Cambridge Platonist school; after she converted to Quakerism, and made her home a center for Quaker activity, she was persecuted and even imprisoned; author of Principia philosophiae antiquissimae et recentissimae (Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy)

1640 – Aphra Behn born, English playwright and author; one of the first women to earn a living as a writer



1730 – Capel Bond born, English organist-composer



1789 – Marianna Szymanowska born, Polish pianist-composer



1819 – Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state

1851 – Mary Tappan Wright born, American novelist and short story writer; her first novel,  Aliens (1902), a portrait of northerners in a racially tense Southern town, attracted much attention  

1856 – Louis Marshal born, American constitutional and civil rights lawyer; a founding member of the American Jewish Committee (AJC); he had a talent for languages:  German was his first language – he learned English when he went to school – but he also knew French, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Yiddish

1883 –Manolis Kalomiris born, Greek composer; founder of the Greek National School of Music



1883 – Jane Cowl born, American stage and silent film actress, who also co-authored several plays with playwright and screenwriter Jane Murfin, under the joint pen name Allan Langdon Martin; their biggest hit was Smilin’ Through (1919)

1896 – Glasgow District Subway Company opens the Glasgow Underground Railway

1896 – Jimmy Doolittle born, American pilot and general; recipient of the Medal of Honor for personal valor and leadership of the WWII Doolittle Raid on Tokyo



1897 – Margaret Chase Smith born, American politician; U.S. Representative (R-ME 1940-1949); U.S. Senator (R-ME 1949-1973); one first members of Congress to criticize the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in her speech, ‘The Declaration of Conscience’



1902 – Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable from San Francisco to Honolulu

1908 – Mária Szepes born, Hungarian author, screenwriter and philosopher; her first novel, The Red Lion (1946), was banned by the communist regime in Hungary

1911 – Roald Amundsen, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting become the first to reach the South Pole



1911 – Spike Jones born, American singer, bandleader and musical parodist



1916 – Shirley Jackson born, American author of eerie fiction; noted for her short story The Lottery



1917 – June Taylor born, American dancer and choreographer, founder of the June Taylor Dancers

1920 – Clark Terry born, American Jazz flugelhorn pioneer



1939 – The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations for invading Finland

1939 – Ann Cryer born, British nuclear disarmament activist and politician; MP for Keighley (1997-2010)

1940 – Plutonium (Pu-238) is first isolated at Berkeley, California

1941 – Ellen Willis born, American liberal political essayist, feminist, and the first pop music critic for the New Yorker; contributor to the Village Voice and Rolling Stone



1955 – Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Ceylon, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania and Spain join the United Nations.

1955 – Jill C. Pipher born, American mathematician; first director of the Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics(ICERM, 2011–2016); president of the Association of Women in Mathematics (2011-2013)

1962 – NASA’s Mariner 2 becomes the first spacecraft to fly by Venus; and  Bob Dylan’s first single “Mixed-Up Confusion” is released

1964 – Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States: The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously upholds Title II of the 1964 Civil Rights Act under the Commerce Clause powers granting Congress the power to regulate enterprises with “a direct and substantial relation to the interstate flow of goods and people,” including places of public accommodation

1968 – Kelley Armstrong born, Canadian fantasy novelist; noted for her series and trilogies, including Women of the Otherworld and Darkness Rising

1968 – Marvin Gaye’s I Heard It Through the Grapevine is #1 on the charts



1971 – Over 200 East Pakistani intellectuals are executed by the Pakistan Army and their local allies, commemorated in Bangladesh as Martyred Intellectuals Day *

1981 – Israel’s Knesset ratifies the Golan Heights Law, extending Israeli law to the occupied Golan Heights, seized by Israel from Syria in 1967

1985 – Wilma Mankiller takes office as the principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, the first woman to lead a major American tribe in modern times



1995 – Classified documents from the White House are released, revealing the FBI had spied on John Lennon and his anti-war activities during the early ’70s in a possible attempt to have Lennon deported

2000 – The Federal Communication Commission allows the $111 billion merger of American Online and Time Warner

2000 – World Monkey Day * started as a joke written on a friend’s calendar by Casey Sorrow, an art student at Michigan State University, but their friends decided to actually celebrate it – when he later included it in a cartoon series he worked on, the idea began to take off, and is now a truly international event that raises appreciation and awareness of primates, a number of them threatened species 

2004 – The Millau Viaduct, the tallest bridge in the world, is formally inaugurated near Millau, France



2012 – Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting: Twenty-seven people, including twenty children aged six to seven, are shot to death in Sandy Hook CT

2015 – Holiday Insights launches Roasted Chestnuts Day * on the first of the Twelve Days of Christmas

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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3 Responses to ON THIS DAY: December 14, 2017

  1. I am staying off that bridge. I hate high places.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      I shudder to think what it would be like in inclement weather, especially windy conditions!
      However, isn’t it a little odd that you hate “high places” but love to fly?

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