ON THIS DAY: December 24, 2017

December 24th is

Christmas Eve

Eggnog Day *

Silent Night Day * 

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MORE!  Franz Gruber, Noel Streatfeild and Gian Carlo Menotti, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity – Christmas Eve

Libya – Independence Day

Micronesia – Yap Constitution Day

Peru – Cusco: Santuranticuy
(Nativity scene market)

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On This Day in HISTORY

759 – Du Fu, prominent and prolific poet of the Tang dynasty, departs for a visit with fellow poet Pei Di, and stays for the next five years, a period of peace for him during a turbulent time of rebellion and famine

1679 – Domenico Sarro born, Italian composer



1731 – Julie von Bondeli born, Swiss intellectual who hosted a scientific salon that became the center of cultural life in Bern; as a child, she was given a comprehensive education in languages, mathematics and philosophy, very rare for a girl in her time; she corresponded regularly with Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Sophie von La Roche 

1761 – Jean-Louis Pons born, French astronomer, greatest naked-eye comet discoverer

1777 – James Cook finds Kiritimati, which he calls Christmas Island

1779? (exact year unknown) Eggnog Day * – George Washington writes down his Eggnog recipe, but forgets to say how many eggs he uses – other recipes from the period call for as many as a dozen eggs – Eggnog has been popular in the U.S. since colonial times, but beware! A single cup can have as many 400 calories, half of them from fat – a cup of Hot Mulled Apple Cider has 150-175 calories, and none of them are from fat



1809 – Kit Carson born, American frontiersman

1818 – Silent Night Day * – German composer Franz Gruber writes the music for “Stille Nacht” (Silent Night), a poem by Josef Mohr – performed that night at the Church of St. Nicholas in Oberndorf, Austria

1822 – Matthew Arnold born, English poet



1843 – Lydia Koidula born, pen name of Lydia Jannsen, Estonian poet and writer who, as a respectable young lady, had to publish her work anonymously in her father’s newspaper, the first Estonian language newspaper allowed  by the Russian Empire; her use of vernacular Estonian in her poetry had a major impact on Estonian letters

1851 – A fire devastates the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, destroying about 35,000 volumes

1865 – Several veterans of the Confederate Army form a private social club in Pulaski, TN, called the Ku Klux Klan

1868 – Emanuel Lasker born, German chess champion and mathematician



1869 – Henriette Roland Holst born, Dutch poet, writer and socialist; active in the Social-Democratic Party (SDP) which became the Communist Party of the Netherlands; was part of the Dutch Resistance during WWII

1871 – In Cairo, Egypt, Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Aida has its world premiere at the Khedivial Opera House



1877 – Sigrid Schauman born, Finnish artist and art critic


Self-Portrait, and Town View, by Sigrid Schauman


1881 – Charles Wakefield Cadman born, American composer



1895 – Noel Streatfeild born, English children’s author, best known for her book Ballet Shoes, the first of her Shoes series


Illustration from Ballet Shoes


1895 – Marguerite Williams born, American geologist; first African American to earn a doctorate in geology in the U.S., from Catholic University of America; chair of the Geology Department of Miner Teacher’s College (1923-1933)

1900 – Hawayo Hiromi Takata born, Japanese-American master of Reiki, who helped introduce the spiritual practice to Westerners, she formed the American Reiki Association with Dr. Barbara Weber Ray, later renamed the Radiance Technique Association

1903 –Ava H. Pauling born, American human rights activist; campaigned for women’s rights, racial equality, international peace, and particularly against nuclear proliferation;  married to Linus Pauling; she volunteered for the American Civil Liberties Union in opposing the internment of Japanese-Americans during WWII, giving employment to one of the released internees, in spite of criticism; served as the national vice president of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), helping to organize the “Women’s Peace March” in Europe

1905 – Howard Hughes born, American engineer-businessman-pilot

1906 – Reginald A. Fessenden is the first person to broadcast a music program over radio, from Brant Rock, MA

1906 – Franz Waxman born, German-American composer



1910 – Fritz Lieber born, American author of fantasy, horror and scifi; poet, actor, playwright and chess expert



1914 – The WWI ‘Christmas Truce’ begins, unofficial ceasefire started by the troops

1920 – Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance in Jacques Halevy’s La Juive at New York’s Metropolitan Opera



1924 – Albania becomes a republic

1927 – Mary Higgins Clark born, American author of suspense and mystery novels

1930 – Robert Joffrey born, American dancer-choreographer, founder of Joffrey Ballet

1931 – Ray Bryant born, American Jazz pianist and composer



1943 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt appoints Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces as part of Operation Overlord

1943 – Tarja Halonen born, Finnish politician; first woman elected as President of Finland (2000-2012)



1948 – A midnight Mass is broadcast for the first time on television, from St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York City

1950 – Dana Gioia born, American poet and critic, chair of the NEA (2003-2009)



1950 – Libby Larsen born, American orchestral composer; co-founder of the American Composers Forum



1951 – NBC’s first broadcast of Amahl and the Night Visitors, an opera written for television by Gian Carlo Menotti 



1965 – A meteorite weighing about 100 pounds lands in Leicestershire

1966 – Luna 13 lands on the moon

1966 – Tommy James records “I Think We’re Alone Now”



1968 – Three astronauts, James A. Lovell, William Anders and Frank Borman, reach the moon, orbiting it 10 times before coming back to Earth

1973 – District of Columbia Home Rule Act is passed, allowing residents of Washington DC to elect their own local government

1979 – Soviet troops invade Afghanistan in support its Marxist government

1989 – Ousted Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega takes refuge at the Vatican’s diplomatic mission in Panama City

2003 – Spanish police thwart an attempted bombing by the ETA, Basque separatist organization, in Madrid’s busy Chamartin Station


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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