ON THIS DAY: December 29, 2017

December 29th is

Pepper Pot Day *

Tick Tock Day
(only 2 days left!)

YMCA USA Day *

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MORE! Pablo Casals, Ellen Terry and Sun Yat-sen, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Jamaica – Portmore:
Portmore Music Fest

Mongolia –
National Independence Day

Myanmar – Kayin State:
Kayin New Year

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On This Day in HISTORY

875 – Charles the Bald, King of the Franks, is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor Charles II in Italy

1170 – Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated by followers of Henry II, King of England, because of his conflict with the king over the rights and privileges of Church vs. the authority of the Monarchy



1709 – Elizabeth Petrovna born, Empress Elizabeth I of Russia, who strengthened the nobles dominance in local government, reconstituting the senate, which her predecessor had abolished, encouraged the establishment of the University of Moscow and the Imperial Academy of Arts, and also spent exorbitant sums of money on the Winter Palace and the Smolny Cathedral; after she was brought to power in a bloodless coup staged by the Imperial Guard in 1741, she vowed as Empress, she would not sign a single death sentence, a vow she kept all the way to her death in 1762


Empress Elizabeth, by Ivan Argunov


1766 – Charles Macintosh born, Scottish chemist, inventor of waterproof fabric

1777 – During the harsh winter at Valley Forge, the Continental Army was low on food. Christopher Ludwick, a baker with the army, gathered whatever food he could find: tripe, scraps of meat, and peppercorns. These he turned into a hot spicy soup now called Pepper Pot * but which the soldiers at Valley Forge called “the soup that won the war”


Valley Forge Winter – by Philip Howe


1800 – Charles Goodyear born, American inventor, commercial rubber use

1808 – Andrew Johnson born in North Carolina, future 17th U.S. President, and first president to be impeached

1809 – William Gladstone born, British statesman; four-time Prime Minister



1812 – Beethoven’s Violin Sonata No. 10 in G major, Opus 96 – first performance



1835 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed in Georgia by representatives of the U.S. government and members of a minority Cherokee political faction, the Treaty Party, which ceded all Cherokee Nation territory in the southeast to the U.S. and committed the Cherokee people to moving to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). This treaty was not approved by the Cherokee Nation Council or signed by Principal Chief John Ross, but after the U.S. Senate amended and ratified it in March 1836, it was used as the legal basis for the forcible removal of all the Cherokee by the U.S. Army in what became known as the Trail of Tears

1844 – Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee born, first Indian National Congress president



1845 – The U.S. annexes the Republic of Texas, admits as the 28th U.S. state

1848 – President James K. Polk turns on the first gas light at the White House

1851 – The first YMCA * in the U.S. is organized in Boston MA



1876 – Pablo Casals born, Spanish-Catalan cellist and conductor



1888 – Opening night at New York’s Lyceum Theatre of Henry Irving’s production of Macbeth, starring Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth and Henry Irving in the title role

Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth, by John Singer Sargent


1890 – The U.S. Seventh Cavalry massacres at least 160 Lakota men, women and children at Wounded Knee Creek SD on the Lakota Pine Ridge Reservation; after they disarmed most of the Lakota warriors, there was a scuffle with a single Lakota man who was deaf, and tried to hold on to his rifle when ordered to surrender his weapon; the regiment opened massive fire with rifles, and four Hotchiss mountain howitzers, firing indiscriminately on women and children; after a three-day blizzard, civilians were hired to bury the frozen Lakota dead in a mass grave

1895 – The Jameson Raid from Mafikeng into the Transvaal by British colonial “police” under Leander Starr Jameson, an attempt to overthrow Kruger’s Boer government, fails to incite an uprising by British workers, but becomes a factor leading to the Second Boer War

1911 – Sun Yat-sen becomes the first president of a republican China, and Mongolia gains its independence



1913 – The first serial motion picture, The Unwelcome Throne, is released by Selig’s Polyscope Company

1916 – Gregory Rasputin, monk who wielded powerful influence over the Russian court, is murdered by a group of noblemen

1916 – A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the first novel by James Joyce, is published in America

1919 – Roman Vlad born, Bukovinan-Italian composer



1923 – Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat born, French mathematician and physicist; proved the local existence and uniqueness of solutions to the vacuum Einstein Equations; pioneer in mathematical study of supergravity; first woman elected to the Académie des Sciences Française (French Academy of Sciences); a Grand Officer of the Légion d’honneur

1934 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930

1940 – Germany begins dropping incendiary bombs on London

1941 – Ray Thomas born, English flautist-songwriter, The Moody Blues



1943 – “San Fernando Valley” is recorded by Bing Crosby



1946 – Marianne Faithfull born, English singer-songwriter



1952 – The first transistorized hearing aid is offered for sale by Sonotone Corporation

1952 – Gelsey Kirkland born, American ballerina and choreographer; soloist and principle with the New York City Ballet (1968-1974) and the American Ballet Theatre (1974-1984); danced Clara in Baryshnikov’s 1977 televised production of The Nutcracker; her biography, Dancing On My Grave, sent shockwaves through the dance world because of her detailed chronicle of struggles with anorexia, bulimia, and drug addiction; co-director of the Gelsey Kirkland Academy of Classical Ballet and the Gelsey Kirkland Ballet Company



1963 – The Weavers give their farewell concert at Orchestra Hall in Chicago IL



1996 – The Guatemalan government and leaders of the leftist Guatemalan National Revolutionary Union sign a peace accord ending a civil war that lasted 36 years

1997 – Hong Kong begins killing 1.25 million chickens, the entire population, for fear of the spread of ‘bird flu’

1998 – Khmer Rouge leaders apologize for the 1970s genocide that claimed 1 million Cambodian lives

2003 – The last known speaker of Akkala Sami dies in Russia’s Kolas Peninsula region

2011 – Samoa and Tokelau move from east of the International Date Line to the west, and skip from December 29 right to December 31


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: December 29, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    Wordcloud9, I just woke up (after having returned, demoralized, to sleep twice, after my alarm notified me of the status of the world) and began reading “On this Day,” and my thought was: I was overwhelmed with gratefulness for what you have given me this year. I know very little about most things, and each day I get a taste of Renaissance-Man education first thing in the morning. Your skill at organizing the material and choosing the content is remarkable. What talent, what artistry! What an incalculable moral, intellectual and emotional offering you have made to me in this year. O Wordcloud9, live forever, be well and happy, shine, go from strength to strength, Happy New Year!

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Dearest Malisha –

      Awww – I’m blushing – thank you so much for your kind words. – I have an insatiable curiosity about our human race, past and present, so these daily reports are part of my hunt for knowledge, but I’m so delighted that you find them worthwhile.

      Your comments have added greatly to my enjoyment as well – I look forward to seeing what you and Chuck and Terry pick to focus on – and chuckle at pete’s comments, and the occasional comments from others as well.

      Very Best Wishes for a great year in 2018!
      We ALL deserve a much better one than 2017.
      Thanks – Nona

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