ON THIS DAY: January 9, 2018

January 9th is

Apricot Day

Static Electricity Day

Balloon Ascension Day *

Law Enforcement Appreciation Day *

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MORE! Karel Čapek, Simone de Beauvoir and Rudolf Bing, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bosnia and Herzegovina –
Republic Day

India – Pravasi Bharatiya Divas *
(Non-Resident Indian Day)

Palau –
National Day of Mourning

Panama – Duelo Nacional
(Martyrs’ Day – 1964 *)

Philippines – Manila: Hesus Nazareno
(Procession of the Black Nazarene)

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On This Day in HISTORY

681 – Erwig, newly-crowned King of the Visigoths, opens the 12th Council of Toledo; confirms metropolitan archbishop of Toledo will consecrate all bishops appointed by the king including those outside his province, giving primacy to Toledo’s diocese; 28 anti-Semitic measures enacted


King Erwig at the Council of Toledo


1349 –  600 Jews in Basel Switzerland, believed by Catholics to be causing the ongoing Black Death, are rounded up and shackled inside a wooden barn, and burned to death – a few young orphans are allowed to live but forcibly converted to Catholicism, and Jews are banned from settling in Basil

1431 – Judges’ investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government

1674 – Reinhard Keiser born, German opera composer



1778 – Hammamizade İsmail Dede Efendi born, composer of classical Turkish music



1788 – Connecticut becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the U.S.

1793 – Balloon Ascension Day * – Jean Paul Blanchard, French aeronaut makes the first balloon ascension in North America in Philadelphia PA; President George Washington is an onlooker

1799 – British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces an income tax of two shillings to the pound to raise funds for Great Britain’s war effort during the Napoleonic Wars

1816 – Sir Humphry Davy tests his safety lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery in NE England



1822 – Portuguese Prince Pedro I of Brazil decides to stay in Brazil against the orders of Portuguese King João VI, beginning the Brazilian independence process

1839 – The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process

1858 – Elizabeth Knight Britton born, American botanist whose efforts contributed greatly to the founding of New York’s Botanical Gardens

1859 – Carrie Chapman Catt, American women’s rights activist; first woman school superintendent in Mason County Iowa (1885); first female reporter in San Francisco (1887); president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (1900-1904 and 1915-1920); campaigned for the 19th Amendment, which gave U.S. women the right to vote; founder of the League of Women Voters and International Alliance of Women



1861 – Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War

1890 – Karel Čapek born, Czech author and playwright, R.U.R.



1892 – Eva Kelly Bowring born, first woman U.S. senator from Nebraska (R-NE, 1954)

1894 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington MA

1901 – Chic Young born, American cartoonist, comic strip Blondie



1902 – Rudolf Bing born in Austria, American impresario, NYC Metropolitan Opera

1903 – Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the poet Alfred Tennyson, becomes second Governor-General of Australia

1908 – Simone de Beauvoir, French existentialist philosopher, social theorist, author and feminist; her treatise, The Second Sex, is a foundational tract of contemporary feminism; co-editor with Jean-Paul Sartre of the political journal, Les Temps moderns; also noted for novels, She Came to Stay, The Mandarins and The Blood of Others


 


1909 – Ernest Shackleton, leading the Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole, plants the British flag 97 nautical miles (180 km; 112 mi) from the South Pole, the farthest anyone had reached to that time

1915 – Gandhi’s return to India, arriving in Bombay from South Africa (see also 2003 entry)



1916 – Vic Mizzy born, American TV and film composer, The Addams Family

1923 – Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro flight

1940 – Ruth Dreifuss born, Swiss Social Democratic politician; first woman President of the Swiss Confederation (1999), and previously: Secretary of the Swiss Trade Union (1982-1993); Canton of Geneva representative to the Swiss Federal Council (1993-2002), the second woman and first person of Jewish heritage elected to the council;

1941 – Joan Baez born, American singer-songwriter and human rights- peace-social justice-environmental activist



1942 – Judy Malloy born, American poet and innovator of online interactive and collaborative fiction websites; Visiting Lecturer at Princeton University in Social Media Poetics and Electronic Literature (2013-2014)

1951 – Crystal Gayle born, American country-pop singer-songwriter and music producer



1954 – Philippa Gregory born in Kenya, English historical novelist; author of the controversial best-seller The Other Boleyn Girl

1955 – Michiko “Michi” Kakutani, American literary critic; The New York Times literary critic/chief book critic (1983-2017)

1956 – The first ‘Dear Abby’ column is published

1957 – British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden resigns from office following his failure to retake the Suez Canal from Egyptian sovereignty

1960 – Egyptian President Nasser opens Aswan Dam construction by detonating ten tons of dynamite, demolishing twenty tons of granite on the Nile’s east bank

1962 – Sam Cooke’s “Twistin’ the Night Away” is released



1964 – Martyrs’ Day * – Riots break out over Panama Canal Zone sovereignty; 21 civilians are killed

1967 – Dave Matthews, South African-born singer-songwriter, Dave Matthews Band



1987 – The White House releases a memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan in January 1986 which shows a definite link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon

1991 – Representatives from the U.S. and Iraq meet at the Geneva Peace Conference to try to find a peaceful resolution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait

1992 – The Assembly of the Serb People in Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaims the creation of Republika Srpska, a new state within Yugoslavia

2003 – Indian Ministry of External Affairs sponsors Pravasi Bharatiya Divas * to commemorate Gandhi’s return from South Africa in 1915, and celebrate overseas Indian communities’ contributions to India’s development

2005 – The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and the Government of Sudan sign the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to end the Second Sudanese Civil War

2006 – The Phantom of the Opera becomes the longest-running show in Broadway history, surpassing Cats, which ran for 7,485 performances



2007 – Apple CEO Steve Jobs introduces the original iPhone at a Macworld keynote in San Francisco

2015 –Perpetrators of the Charlie Hebdo shooting in Paris two days earlier are both killed after a hostage situation. Elsewhere, a second hostage situation, related to the Charlie Hebdo shooting, occurs at a Jewish market, Hypercacher, in Vincennes. There are mass gatherings of solumn demonstrators in Paris and other cities around the world

2016 – First Law Enforcement Appreciation Day * sponsored by C.O.P.S.

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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