ON THIS DAY: January 17, 2018

January 17th is

Popeye the Sailor Day *

Cable Car Day *

Kid Inventors’ Day *

Hot Buttered Rum Day

No More Fad Diets Day

International Mentoring Day *

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MORE! Benjamin Franklin, Anne Brontë and Muhammad Ali, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bhutan – Traditional Day of Offering

Bulgaria – Antonovden
(St Anton’s name day)

Democratic Republic of the Congo –
Patrice Lumumba Day *

India – Tamil Nadu:
G. Ramachandran Birthday *

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On This Day in HISTORY

395 – Theodosius I, Roman Emperor, dies at the age of 48, leaving rule of the Roman Empire divided so his son Arcadius rules the eastern half, while his younger brother Honorius is to rule in the west, even though he is only 10 years old – the Empire was never again united

1377 – The Papal See moves back to Rome from Avignon, France


Palace of the Popes at Avignon


1524 – Giovanni da Verrazzano sets sail westward from Madeira to find a sea route to the Pacific Ocean

1562 – In France, Catherine de’ Medici promulgates the Edict of Saint-Germain to recognize the Huguenots, giving limited guarantees of freedom of conscience and private worship, but the Parlement of Paris made remonstrances to the crown concerning conflicts with previous laws, delaying its ratification until after the Massacre of Vassy: on March 1, 1562, 63 Huguenots armed only with stones, were killed and their place of worship burned, beginning the French Wars of Religion

1600 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca born, Spanish Baroque playwright and poet; La vida es sueño (Life is a Dream)



1648 – In response to hearing that Charles I entering an engagement with the Scots, England’s Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with the king, leading to the second phase of the English Civil War

1659 – Antonio Veracini born, Italian violinist and composer

1706 – Benjamin Franklin born, American statesman-scientist-inventor-author, U.S. ‘Founding Father’ – Kid Inventors’ Day * is celebrated on his birthday because Franklin invented the first swim flippers when he was 12 years old!



1734 – François-Joseph Gossec born, French composer and conductor



1773 – Captain James Cook’s expedition becomes first to sail south of Antarctic Circle

1795 – The Dudingston Curling Society is organized in Edinburgh, Scotland

1806 – James Madison Randolph, grandson of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, is the first child born in the Executive Mansion, now called the White House

1814 – Ellen Wood born, English novelist who published as Mrs. Henry Wood; several of her books became international bestsellers, including The Channings, and East Lynne, for which she is most remembered



1820 – Anne Brontë born, English author and poet, the youngest of the Brontë sisters; notable for Agnes Grey and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall



1829 – Catherine Booth born, co-founder of the Salvation Army

1852 – Great Britain signs the Sand River Convention, recognizing the independence of the South African Republic

1863 – David Lloyd George born, British Liberal politician, U.K. Prime Minister (1916-1922), spearheaded creation of Britain’s social welfare system; led U.K. during WWI

1863 – Constantin Stanislavski born, Russian director-actor; creator of the Stanislaski system of actor training, preparation and rehearsal technique; co-founder of the Moscow Art Theatre, where he directed several premieres of play by Anton Checkov and Maxim Gorky; author,  An Actor Prepares and Building a Character



1871 – Cable Car Day * – Andrew Smith Hallidie receives first cable car railway patent

1877 – May Gibbs born in England, Anglo-Australian children’s author, illustrator and cartoonist; her family moved to Australia when she was four; she studied art in England; noted for her “gumnut babies” and the book Snugglepot and Cuddlepie; while in England, drew cartoons for the Common Cause, published by the Suffragettes

1886 – Glenn Martin, American aviation pioneer, is born; his company, which produced the WWI MB-1 and MB-2 bombers, would later merge with Lockheed



1893 – Lorrin A. Thurston, along with the so-called Citizens’ Committee of Public Safety and American troops sent to “protect” them, leads the overthrow the Kingdom of Hawaii and the government of Queen Liliʻuokalani

1899 – Nevil Shute born, English engineer and novelist; On the Beach



1900 – Yaqui Indians in Texas proclaim their independence from Mexico

1905 – Peggy Gilbert born, American Dixieland saxophonist and bandleader



1912 – English explorer Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole, only to discover that Norwegian Roald Amundsen had beaten him there by a month. Scott and his party die during the return trip

1914 – William Stafford born, American poet and pacifist, the 20th Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (1970)



1917 – Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran * (dubbed MGR born, Indian actor and politician, Chief Minister of the Indian state Tamil Nadu (1977-1987)

1917 – The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands

1922 – Betty White born, American actress, TV personality and animal rights activist



1924 – Jewel Plummer Cobb born, great-granddaughter of a freed slave; American biologist, cancer researcher, professor, dean and academic administrator; earned a B.A. in biology in 1945, but had to fight for a fellowship for graduate study in biology; worked on finding a cure for melanoma as an independent researcher at Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory; advocate for women and students of color being admitted to universities and graduate school

1926 – Moira Shearer born, internationally renowned British ballet dancer; noted for her performance in the classic ballet film, The Red Shoes

1927 – Eartha Kitt born, American multi-talented performer, peace and civil rights activist, founder of a non-profit to help disadvantaged youths in Los Angeles; her career in the U.S. took a nosedive in 1968, after Ladybird Johnson asked her about the Vietnam War and she made frank anti-war statements before the press; she was falsely branded as a “sadistic nymphomaniac” and other slanders in a CIA dossier (discovered in 1975) and blacklisted; she left the U.S to make a living in Europe and Asia; when she stepped in as a replacement in London’s West End production of the musical Follies, she stopped the show singing “I’m Still Here”; made a triumphal return to the U.S starring on Broadway in Timbuktu! in 1978



1929 – Popeye the Sailor Day * – Popeye makes his first public appearance in Elzie Segar’s then 10-year-old comic strip, Thimble Theatre, which originally revolved around Olive Oyl’s family

1934 – Ferdinand Porsche submits design for a people’s car, a “Volkswagen,” to the new German Reich government

1935 – Ruth Ann Minner born, American Democratic politician and businesswoman; first woman governor of Delaware (2001-2009) after serving as Lieutenant Governor (1993-2001) and served in the Delaware General Assembly (1975-1982)

1942 –Muhammad Ali born as Cassius Clay, 1960 Olympic gold medalist; first fighter to be World Heavyweight Boxing Champion three separate times (1964, 1973, 1978); philanthropist, humanitarian and civil rights activist; 2005 Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient (see also 2016 entry)



1942 – Ita Buttrose born, Australian journalist and author; founding editor of Cleo (1972-1975),  magazine and editor of Australian Women’s Weekly (1975-1978); first female editor of a major Australian newspaper, the Daily Telegraph (1981-1984)

1944 – Ann Oakley born, distinguished English sociologist, author, and feminist; Founder-Director of the Social Science Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London; has published numerous academic works, but also several best-selling novels, including The Men’s Room

1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved thousands of Jews in Hungary from the Holocaust during WWII, is detained by SMERSH, Soviet Red Army counter-intelligence, on suspicion of espionage and disappears

1946 – The UN Security Council holds its first session

1949 – Anita Borg born, American computer scientist; pioneer in email communication; founder of Systers, the Institute for Women and Technology, and the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing



1957 – Ann Nocenti born, American comic book editor for Marvel Comics, journalist, writer and filmmaker; outspoken commentator on sexism, racism, nuclear proliferation and other societal issues

1964 – Michele Obama born, American lawyer and university administrator, first African-American First Lady



1961 –  U.S. President Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the “military–industrial complex” as well as the dangers of massive deficit spending

1961 – Patrice Lumumba * killed, independence leader, first democratically elected Congolese prime minister, arrested during a coup d’état, he was imprisoned, starved, beaten and tortured, then finally driven to an isolated location and shot to death with two others

1992 – During a visit to South Korea, Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa  apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II

1996 – The Czech Republic applies to the European Union for membership

1997 – An Irish court grants the first divorce in the Catholic country’s history

2001 – During an electricity crisis, California uses rolling blackouts, cutting power to hundreds of thousands

2007 – The Doomsday Clock is set at five minutes to midnight because of North Korea’s nuclear testing

2012 – Kelly Clarkson single “Stronger (What Doesn’t Kill You)” released in the U.S.



2016 – The first International Mentoring Day * is launched by the National Mentoring Partnership in partnership with the Muhammad Ali Center and Epicenter Community’s Mentoring for Change initiative to support and applaud mentors everywhere, raise awareness of the UN Sustainable Development Goals and honor the memory of Muhammad Ali

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: January 17, 2018

  1. Glenn Martin’s aircraft company was very much involved in WW2 design as well. They were responsible for the B-26 Marauder medium bomber. It was more streamlined than the B-25 Mitchell bomber which made the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo. Martin hung two huge 2,200 HP radial engines on an airframe with unusually small wings and a streamlined bullet shaped fuselage. They were fast, tough, and hard for antiaircraft gunners to hit.

    One which survived the war was “Flak Bait.” It flew 207 combat missions, more than any other American aircraft in WW2. When surplus aircraft were being scrapped after the war, General Hap Arnold ordered that “Flak Bait” be set aside for preservation because of its historical value. It is now being restored at the Smithsonian.

    My mom’s youngest brother was part of a Martin B-26 Marauder crew.

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