ON THIS DAY: January 23, 2018

January 23rd is

Handwriting Day

Into the Deep Day *

National Pie Day *

Snowplow Mailbox Hockey Day

__________________________________________

MORE! Edouard Manet, Gertrude Elion and Django Reinhardt, click

__________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

India – Orissa & West Bengal:
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti
(Hindustani nationalist leader)

Pitcairn Islands – Bounty Day

Spain – Valencia: St. Vincent’s Day
(Patron saint of Valencia)

__________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

971 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han is soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song dynasty troops

1264 – English barons are on the brink of civil war in 1263 with King Henry III over high taxes and the influence of foreigners at court, so both parties agree to submit the matter to arbitration by French King Louis IX, who is a firm believer in royal prerogative, and rules in favor of Henry, leading to the Second Barons’ War – The First Baron’s War (1215-1217) was against King John because he refused to abide by the Magna Carta)


King Henry III and King Louis IX  


1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that will last for three centuries

1546 – After eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel

1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000

1570 – James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, becomes the first person assassinated by a firearm in recorded history

1571 – The Royal Exchange, the centre of commerce for the City of London, opens in London, founded by merchant Thomas Gresham on a site provided by the City of London Corporation and the Worshipful Company of Mercers

The Royal Exchange, London – by R. White, 1671


1656 – Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales

1719 – The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire

1753 – Muzio Clementi born in Italy, British composer-musician-conductor



1795 – After an extraordinary charge across the frozen Zuiderzee, the French cavalry captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns, in a rare occurrence of a battle between ships and cavalry


Capture of the Dutch Fleet at Texel by French hussars 1795– by Eugène Leliepvre


1813 – Camilla Collett born, Norwegian writer, an early contributor to Norwegian literary realism, and a pioneer in Nordic feminism; Amtmandens Døtre (The District Governor’s Daughters) is her only novel; her marriage was a happy one, but only lasted 10 years before her husband died unexpectedly, leaving her with four young sons, and plunging her into near-poverty for the rest of her life; after his death, she wrote essays, literary criticism, polemics and her memoirs; her polemics call for social and political change to expand women’s education and opportunities, opposing bringing up girls to be reticent and self-sacrificing

1832 – Edouard Manet born, French Impressionist painter


Banks of the Seine at Argenteuil, by Edouard Manet


1845 – The U.S. Congress established the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as the day for all national elections

1846 – Slavery in Tunisia is abolished

1862 – Agoston Haraszthy de Mokcsa brings 1,400 varieties of grapevines from Europe to California, and plants the first large vineyard in California in the Sonoma Valley. After the phyloxera blight destroyed much of Europe’s vineyards, some of these same vines, now on resistant American root stock, helped save the European wine industries

1878 – Rutland Boughton born, English composer, established the Glastonbury Festivals (1914-1926); best known for his opera, The Immortal Hour



1879 – In the Anglo-Zulu War, the second day of the Battle of Rorke’s Drift ends with the Zulus leaving – 150 British and colonial troops had defended the Rorke’s Drift mission station for hours against an intense assault by over 3,000 Zulu warriors

1897 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky born, first female student at Vienna’s arts school,  Kunstgewerbeschule, and first woman Austrian architect; designed affordable council housing for the working classes; she also collaborated with Adolf Loos on settlements for WWI invalids and veterans, and worked for the Austrian Association for Settlements and Small Gardens; the city council of Frankfurt am Main hired her for the Frankfurt Project, for which she designed the Frankfurt Kitchen, a prototype for the built-in kitchen, one of her most notable achievements; was a communist activist during WWII in the German resistance to the Nazis


The Frankfurt Kitchen and a caricature of Schütte-Lihotzky from 1927, by Lina Salini


1898 – Freda Utley born, English author and pro-labor activist; married a Russian in 1928 and moved to Moscow; she escaped with their son after her husband’s arrest in 1936 – she used all her British contacts to try to find her husband and secure his release, not learning he had died in 1938 until 1956 – became virulently anti-communist

1899 – After the ‘Malolos’ Constitution is enacted, Emilio Famy Aguinaldo, a revolutionary leader, becomes the first President of the Philippines

1907 – Charles Curtis (R-KS), whose mother was of the Kaw Nation, becomes the first American Indian U.S. Senator; in March 1929, he leaves the Senate to be sworn in as Herbert Hoover’s Vice President



1909 – The White Star line passenger ship RMS Republic collides with the SS Florida off the coast of Massachusetts, and sends the first CQD (predecessor to SOS) distress signal – six people are killed, but 1500 lives are saved before the ship sinks the next day

1909 – Tatiana Proskouriakoff born in Russia, American archaeologist and scholar who prepared reconstructive drawings of Mayan buildings that are now in ruins, and contributed significantly to the deciphering of Mayan hieroglyphs, the writing system of pre-Columbian Maya civilization, by demonstrating that the hieroglyphs on monumental stela and buildings were historical records of Maya rulers’ births, accessions and deaths rather than imagistic prophecy, then demonstrating a sequence of seven rulers over a 200 year span



1910 – “Django” Reinhardt born in Belgium; Jazz guitarist and songwriter of Romani heritage, co-founder of the band, Quintette du Hot Club de France; his song “Nuages” became an anthem of Paris during the Nazi occupation

1912 – The International Opium Convention, the first international drug control treaty, is signed at The Hague in the Netherlands

1918 – Gertrude B. Elion born, American pharmacologist, co-recipient of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Medicine for development of drugs to treat leukemia, gout and malaria, as well as drugs used in organ transplants to help prevent transplant rejection



1918 – Florence Rush born, American psychiatric social worker, feminist theorist, author and organizer; noted for introducing the “Freudian Coverup” in her paper “The Sexual Abuse of Children: A Feminist Point of View,” which challenged Freudian theories of children having erotic fantasies or seducing adults rather than being victims of sexual abuse; published The Best Kept Secret: The Sexual Abuse of Children in 1980; co-founder of Women Against Pornography; member of the New York State Psychiatric Institute’s Advisory Committee on the Treatment of Sexual Aggressors

1925 – Marty Paich born, American composer-arranger-record producer



1930 – Derek Walcott born, Saint Lucia poet and playwright; 1992 Nobel Prize for Literature; Dream on Monkey Mountain



1941 – Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler

1941 – Artie Shaw and his orchestra record “Moonglow”



1941 – Lady in the Dark, a musical with lyrics by Moss Hart and music by Kurt Weill, debuts on Broadway

1943 – Duke Ellington and his orchestra play Carnegie Hall for the first time

1950 – The Knesset resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel

1957 – American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which renames it the “Frisbee”

1960 – Into the Deep Day * – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean



1963 – Three million gallons of soybean oil flooded streets in Mankato, Minnesota when a storage tank ruptured. Eventually the oil ended up in the Mississippi River. In the spring, more than 10,000 ducks were found dead in the wetlands along the river.

1973 – The Exorcist opens, with Mike Oldfield’s “Tubular Bells” playing during the opening credits

1975 – Barney Miller debuts on ABC-TV

1978 – Sweden becomes the first country to ban aerosol sprays because of environmental damage

1980 – Prince releases his single, “Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad”



1985 – The proceedings of the House of Lords are televised for the first time

1986 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley

1986 – National Pie Day * is first celebrated by the American Pie Council to commemorate Crisco’s 75th anniversary

2008 – The California Coastal Commission argues in Federal Court that President George W. Bush violated the U.S. Constitution’s separation-of-powers doctrine when he issued an Executive Order directly contradicting a federal judge’s court order restricting the Navy’s use of a type of sonar linked to the death of marine mammals within 12 miles of the coast or around Santa Catalina and San Clemente Islands

__________________________________________

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to ON THIS DAY: January 23, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    A friend of a friend, a policeman for 40 years, was asked what police show on television was the most realistic. He answered, “Barney Miller.”

    • wordcloud9 says:

      I can easily believe that!

    • He was right.
      Outlaws and creeps make the news, and TV dramas make up impossible scenarios and equipment. Truth is, officers are regular people with a tough job, kids to worry about, and bills to pay. They are not above having fun when they can.

      This is a career officer signing off after 39 years of service. Keep a tissue handy.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s