ON THIS DAY: February 1, 2018

February 1st is

Robinson Crusoe Day *

Change Password Day *

Freedom Day *

Get Up Day *

Baked Alaska Day *

Spunky Old Broads Day *

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MORE! Victor Herbert, Leila Denmark and Trygve Lie, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Celtic and Pagan – Imbolic (Northern Hemisphere) aka Brigid’s Day – Gaelic traditional spring festival, now observed by Celtic neopagans and Wiccans; Christianized as Saint Brigid’s Day or Candlemass

Pagan – Lammas (Southern Hemisphere)

Ireland – Feast of Brigid

Malaysia – Federal Territory Day

Mauritius –
Abolition of Slavery Commemoration

Monserrat – St. Brigid’s Day

Rwanda – National Heroes’ Day

South Africa – Capetown:
International Summer Music Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

484 – Vandal King Huneric, a fervent adherent to Arianism (lacking belief in the Holy Trinity, but in Jesus as the separate, subordinate son of God), organizes a meeting between Catholic and Arian bishops

1261 – Walter de Stapledon is born, Bishop of Exeter, founder of Exeter College, Oxford


Exeter College Chapel, Oxford


1327 – 14-year-old Edward III is crowned King of England after his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer depose his father, but Mortimer is the de facto ruler until three years later, when Edward leads a successful coup against him

1552 – Sir Edward Coke born, English barrister and judge; as Attorney General, he led the prosecution of Robert Devereux, Sir Walter Raleigh and the Gunpowder Plot conspirators; considered the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan–Jacobean period



1587 – Queen Elizabeth I signs the death warrant for Mary Queen of Scots

1635 – Marquard Gude born, German classical scholar and proto-archeologist, who collected Greek and Latin inscriptions and copied manuscripts during his travels

1662 – The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege of the Dutch colonists in Dutch Formosa

1671 – Francesco Stradivari born, Italian violin maker, son of Antonio Stradivari, master luthier

1690 – Francesco Maria Veracini born, Italian composer and violinist



1709 – Robinson Crusoe Day* – Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor who was put ashore on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez after a quarrel with his captain in September 1704, is finally rescued – his adventures are Daniel Defoe’s inspiration for Robinson Crusoe

1788 – Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patent the steamboat

1790 – The U.S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time in New York City

1814 – Lord Byron’s poem, The Corsair, sells 10,000 copies on the day of publication

1835 – Slavery is abolished in Mauritius

1836 – Emil Hartmann born, Danish organist and composer



1842 – The City Dispatch Post in NYC begins operations, the first company to offer adhesive postage stamps in the western hemisphere

1859 – Victor Herbert born, Irish-American cellist, composer, and conductor



1861 – Texas votes to secede from the Union, over Governor Sam Houston’s objections; he is removed from office when he refuses to swear loyalty to the Confederacy, but he also refuses a Union Army offer of help to put down the Confederate rebellion

1862 – Julia Ward Howe’s “The Battle Hymn of the Republic,” is first published in the Atlantic Monthly

1865 –  National Freedom Day * – President Abraham Lincoln signs the 13th Amendment outlawing slavery 



1866 – Agda Meyerson born, Swedish nursing pioneer, lecturer and advocate for improving the wages, education and working conditions of nurses; worked for the Swedish Red Cross (1898-1907); first deputy chair of the Swedish Nursing Association in 1910

1867 – U.S. bricklayers start working an 8-hour day

1867 – This may be (exact date not confirmed) the day that Charles Ranhofer, pastry chef and witty social commentator at the famed Delmonico’s Restaurant, finished his creation, originally called “Alaska, Florida” but now called Baked Alaska, * which is Ranhofer’s commentary on “Seward’s Folly” – the $7 million proposed U.S. purchase of Alaska

1873 – Joseph Allard born, Canadian fiddler and composer



1884 – The first volume, A to Ant, of the Oxford English Dictionary is published

1887 – Charles Nordhoff born, English-American lieutenant, pilot, and author



1893 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey

1895 – Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger

1896 – Puccini’s opera La Boheme premieres in Turin

1898 – Leila A. Denmark born, pioneering American pediatrician and medical researcher; co-developer of the pertussis vaccine (aka whooping cough), for which she receives the 1935 Fisher Award; she is the world’s oldest practicing pediatrician when she retires at age 103, after 73 years of practicing medicine



1900 – Eastman Kodak Co. introduces the $1 Brownie box camera

1902 – Langston Hughes born, American poet-author-playwright, major figure in NY’s Harlem Renaissance


1904 – S.J. Perelman born, American satirist and humorist

1907 – Camargo Guarnieri born, Brazilian pianist and composer

1913 – NYC’s Grand Central Station opens. the world’s largest train station at the time

1918 – Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar

1918 – Muriel Spark born, Scottish playwright and poet, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie



1921 – Renata Tebaldi born, Italian Spinto soprano



1921 – Patricia Robins born, British author of children’s books, historic novels and fiction series; during WWII, was a Women’s Auxiliary Air Force officer using her knowledge of German, acquired as a student in Switzerland and Germany; then tracked Nazi bombers with Britain’s early radar system; Frost in the Sun, trilogies Women of Fire Saga and The Rochford Trilogy

1924 – The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR

1924 – Richard Hooker born, American novelist,  M*A*S*H*

1927 – Galway Kinnell born, American poet; 1982 Pulitzer Poetry Prize and co-winner of National Book Award; Vermont’s Poet Laureate (1989- 1993)



1930 – The Times publishes its first crossword puzzle

1934 – Bob Shane born, American folksinger, Kingston Trio



1936 – Azie Taylor Morton born, first African American and 8th woman appointed as U.S. Treasurer (1977-1981); also served on President Kennedy’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity

1939 – Fritjof Capra, born in Austria, American physicist, author, The Tao of Physics

1939 –  Martha Tilton, Benny Goodman and his orchestra record “And the Angels Sing”



1939 – Ekaterina Maximova born, Soviet Bolshoi ballet star (1958-1980); named a People’s Artist of the USSR in 1973



1942 – Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government

1942 – Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers

1946 – Trygve Lie of Norway is chosen to be the first United Nations Secretary-General



1946 – The Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic

1947 – Jessica Savitch born, American TV journalist; one of the first women to anchor an evening network news broadcast alone on NBC Nightly News; original host of the PBS public affairs documentary program Frontline until she was killed an automobile accident in October, 1983

1951 – The first telecast of an atomic explosion

1954 – The Secret Storm debuts on CBS-TV

1960 – Four black students stage the first Greensboro NC sit-ins at a lunch counter

1964 – The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with “I Want to Hold Your Hand”



1965 – The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill

1967 – Meg Cabot born, American young adult author and screenwriter; The Princess Diaries; has teamed with the Make-A-Wish Foundation to mentor seriously ill children, and held a Tiara Auction to benefit the New York Public Library’s teen programs

1968 – Canada’s three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces

1972 – Leymah Roberta Gbowee born, Liberian activist, leader of grassroots women’s peace movement against the Second Liberian Civil War, recipient of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize



1979 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after nearly 15 years of exile

1982 – Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia

1992 – The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive for failing to appear in the Bhopal disaster case

1998 – Lillian E. Fishburne becomes the first female African American Rear Admiral in the U.S. Navy



2005 – Spunky Old Broads Day * is part of Dr. Gayle Carson’s launch of her book, How To Be An S.O.B. – A Spunky Old Broad Who Kicks Butt

2009 – The first cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is formed in Iceland, making her the country’s first female prime minister and the world’s first openly LGBT head of state



2012 – Change Password Day * was created by Gizmodo and Lifehacker as an annual day to help keep your online data secure by changing your passwords – remember, once somebody gets the dates of your family’s birthdays, or the names of your children or pets, it’s an easy hack to get into your private information, so be creative and pick something less obvious

2013 – The Shard, the tallest building in the European Union, is opens in London



2017 – U.S. Figure Skating founds National Get Up Day * to inspire everyone to Get Up when we stumble and fall, and they are collecting stories of perseverance in adversity to share at #GetUpDay


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 1, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    By National Get Up Day in 2019, may we all be able to begin recovering after the fall of our federal government, amen.

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    I failed to add that today is the first day of Black History Month – apologies. I was too busy trying to remember to change over everything to February, and wondering how January disappeared so fast.

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