ON THIS DAY: February 9, 2018

February 9th is

Bagel Day

Pizza Day

No One Eats Alone Day *

Read in the Bathtub Day

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MORE!  Alice Walker, Satchel Paige and Bernard Harris, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Thredbo NSW:
Kosciuszko Craft Beer Festival

Lebanon – Saint Maroun’s Day
(Patron saint of Lebanon)

Saint Helena –
RMS St Helena Voyage Day

South Africa – Cape Town:
Ultra South Africa Music Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

1267 – Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps

1555 – John Hooper, Anglican Bishop of Gloucester and Worcester, is burned at the stake for heresy during Queen Mary I’s reign after she restores Catholicism



1621 – Alessandro Ludovisi becomes Gregory XV, the last Pope to be elected by acclamation (voice vote)

1682 – Thomas Otway’s play Venice Preserved premieres in London, with Elizabeth Barry, one of the most highly regarded actresses of the day, playing the female lead



1741 – Henri-Joseph Rigel born in Germany, Classical composer who worked in France

1775 – British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion

1825 – After no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes in the US presidential election of 1824, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams as President of the United States

1849 – Laura Clay born, suffragist, orator, co-founder and first president of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association; her name was placed into nomination for the presidency at the 1920 Democratic National Convention

1854 – Aletta Jacobs born, Dutch physician, a leader of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance and an ardent pacifist, who went on a world speaking tour, meeting with feminists and pacifists around the world; first woman to officially attend a Dutch University and first woman physician in the Netherlands; a birth control advocate who set up the Netherlands’ first family planning centre, as a free clinic for poor women and prostitutes, also teaching hygiene, maternal care and childcare courses; advocated for social justice and labor rights, including breaks for women working 10 hour days on their feet in shops



1861 – Jefferson Davis elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of America by the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama

1863 – Anthony Hope born, English novelist-playwright; The Prisoner of Zenda


Frontispiece 1898 edition Prisoner of Zenda, illustrated
by Charles Dana Gibson, and a photo of Anthony Hope


1864 – Miina Härma born, Estonian woman composer and organist



1865 – Mrs. Patrick Campbell born, major English actor-manager, who made notable appearance in plays by Shakespeare and Shaw – her sharp wit enlivened the letters she exchanged with Shaw

1867 – Natsume Sōseki born, novelist widely considered the greatest modern Japanese writer; Kokoro, I Am a Cat



1870 – US President Grant signs a joint resolution of Congress establishing the U.S. Weather Bureau

1874 – Amy Lowell born, American poet; 1926 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry



1885 – Alban Berg born, Austrian Composer



1889 – US President Cleveland signs a bill elevating the U.S. Department of Agriculture to a Cabinet-level agency

1893 – Giuseppe Verdi’s last opera, Falstaff, premieres at La Scala 



1894 – Hershey’s Chocolate Company starts as a subsidiary of Milton Hershey’s Lancaster Caramel Company

1899 – Minnesota’s Record Low Temperature: – 59 degrees Fahrenheit at Leech Lake Dam

1910 – Jacques Monod born, French biologist, 1965 Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for cell research

1913 – A group of meteors, visible across much of the eastern seaboard of North and South America, lead astronomers to conclude the source is a small, short-lived natural satellite of the Earth

1920 – Under the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Arctic Archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized



1922 – Brazil becomes a signatory of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

1923 – Brendan Behan born, Irish author-political commentator

1934 – The Balkan Entente is formed by the Balkan Pact Treaty signed by Greece, Turkey, Romania and Yugoslavia, to maintain the geopolitical status quo of the post WWI years. All territorial disputes among the member nations are suspended.  Italy, Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and the Soviet Union refuse to sign.

1941 – Sheila Kuehl born, child actress, lawyer, gay rights activist, and politician; first openly gay legislator in the California State Assembly (1994-2000) and first woman named California Speaker pro Tempore; California State Senator (2000-2008); on the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors since 2014



1942 – Year-round Daylight saving time is instituted in the U.S. as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources

1942 – Carole King born, American singer-songwriter and pianist



1944 – Alice Walker born, American author and poet, 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Literature for The Color Purple



1945 – Carol Wood born, American mathematician who researched mathematical logic, model-theoretic algebra and theory of differentially closed fields; President of the Association for Women in Mathematics (1991-1993); served on board of trustees for the American Mathematical Society (2002-2007)

1947 – Carla Del Ponte born, prosecuting attorney and ambassador, Swiss attorney general (1994-1999); prosecutor for the International Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda (1999-2008); Switzerland’s Ambassador to Argentina (2008-2011)

1950 – McCarthy Red Witch Hunt: Senator Joseph McCarthy, in a speech at the Republican Women’s Club of Wheeling, West Virginia, claims to have a list of names of members of the Communist Party known to the Secretary of State who are nevertheless working and shaping policy in the U.S. Department of State – it was not illegal for an American to be a member of the Communist Party until the Communist Control Act of 1954 outlawed the Communist Party of the United States, and criminalizes membership in or support for the Party or “Communist-action” organizations. The Supreme Court never ruled on its constitutionality, and it hasn’t been enforced by any administration, but the provisions “outlawing” the Communist Party have never been repealed either

1954 – Jo Duffy born, comic book editor and writer; noted for her work for DC Comics and Marvel Comics, and several graphic novels



1959 – The R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile, becomes operational at Plesetsk, USSR

1960 – Peggy A. Whitson born, American biochemist, and NASA astronaut; first woman appointed as NASA Chief of the Astronaut Office (2009-2012); first woman commander of the International Space Station; holds women’s record for number of days in space, a total of 665 days accrued

1962 – Neil Sedaka’s first recording of “Breaking Up is Hard to Do”



1964 – The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a “record-busting” audience of 73 million viewers across the USA

1965 – U.S. Marine Corps sends a MIM-23 Hawk missile battalion to South Vietnam, the first American troops in-country without an official advisory or training mission

1971 – Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to be voted into the USA’s Baseball Hall of Fame



1971 – Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned Moon landing

1975 – The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth

1986 – Halley’s Comet appears in the inner Solar System

1991 – Voters in Lithuania vote for independence

1995 – Bernard Harris becomes the first African American NASA astronaut to take a spacewalk



1996 – Copernicium, a synthetic radioactive chemical element named after Nicolaus Copernicus, is created by Sigurd Hofman and Victor Ninov’s GSI group in Germany

2011 – Spain’s best-known judge Baltasar Garzón, known for issuing an international warrant to arrest Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet for alleged deaths and torture of Spanish citizens, is banned from the legal profession for 11 years, without appeal, for illegal wire-tapping.  He now serves as head of Wikileaks’ Julian Assange’s legal team

2012 – Hundreds of Texas A&M graduates form a human wall to keep Westboro Baptist Church members from picketing the funeral of fellow Aggie Lt. Colonel Roy Tisdale

2012 – No One Eats Alone Day * is started by Beyond Differences in a few middle schools in Northern California on the second Friday in February – this year, over a million students at 2,000 middle schools in all 50 states will participate

2014 – Attorney General Eric Holder announces a new Department of Justice memo instructing federal government lawyers to give same-sex marriages equal recognition, to “the greatest extent of the law” including joint bankruptcy filings and federal prison visitation rights for same-sex couples


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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