ON THIS DAY: February 15, 2018

February 15th is

International Angelman Day *

Gumdrop & Chewing Gum Day

Remember the Maine! Day *

Singles Awareness Day *

Susan B. Anthony Day *

____________________________________________

MORE! Sarah Roberts, Shadrach Minkins and Duke Ellington, click

____________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Mahayana Buddhism – Parinirvana Day (Buddha’s death/nirvana-after-death)

Pagan – Feast of Lupercalia (honoring Lupercus/Faunus/Pan, god of fertility, shepherds and wild places, and in Ancient Rome, it also honored Lupa, the she-wolf who suckled the infant twins, Romulus and Remus, mythic founders of the city) 

Afghanistan – Liberation Day

Canada – Flag Day

China, Macau and Taiwan –
Spring Festival (Lunar New Year’s Eve)

Mongolia – Bituun

New Zealand – National Lamb Day *

Serbia – Sretenje (National day)

South Korea – Seol-Nal
(Lunar New Year’s Eve)

Vanuatu – Tanna: John Frum Day
(American “cargo cult” mythical figure)

____________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

590 – Persian Khosrau II, last Great King of the Sasanian Empire, is crowned

706 – Byzantine Emperor Justinian II regains his throne, has the usurper Leontios and his overthrower Tiberios III publicly executed in the Hippodrome of Constantinople



1113 – Pope Paschal II sanctions the establishment of the Order of Hospitallers, a religious and military order charged with care and defense of the Holy Land

1493 – Aboard the Niña, Christopher Columbus writes a letter describing his discoveries and unexpected items he found in the ‘New World’

1564 – Galileo Galilei born, Italian polymath, scientist, inventor, philosopher and artist



1571 – Michael Praetorius born, German composer and music theorist; his Syntagma musicum (1614–20) is a principal source of knowledge about 17th-century music


1748 – Jeremy Bentham born, English Utilitarian philosopher and economist

1760 – Jean-Francois Le Sueur born, French composer; his motet Tu es Petrus played at Napoleon’s coronation as emperor



1764 – The city of St. Louis is established in Spanish Louisiana (now Missouri)

1797 – Henry Steinway born in Germany, American master piano builder


1864 Steinway Concert Grand Piano


1799 – Printed ballots are authorized for use in elections in the state of Pennsylvania

1809 – Cyrus McCormick born, developed the first mechanical reaper

1812 – Charles Lewis Tiffany born, jeweler, founder of NY’s Tiffany & Co, father of Louis Comfort Tiffany

1820 – Susan B. Anthony born, American abolitionist, tireless women’s rights activist, co-leader with Elizabeth Cady Stanton (and “face”) of the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for equal rights for women and people of color.  She and Cady Stanton founded the women’s rights newspaper The Revolution, and the National Woman Suffrage Association, which later merged into the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) where Anthony spearheaded the fight until her retirement in 1900 at the age of 80



1836 – Sarah Fuller born, educator, promotes teaching deaf children speech techniques developed by Alexander Bell, and founds the Home for Little Deaf Children

1848 – When five-year-old Sarah Roberts is refused admittance to a white school in her Boston neighborhood because she is black, her father, Benjamin Roberts, files the first school integration lawsuit, Roberts v. City of Boston, citing the poorer quality of education at the black school and the much greater distance Sarah will have to travel to go there, but the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules in favor of Boston; the case is later cited in Plessy v. Ferguson, which established the “separate but equal” standard; however, in 1855, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts bans segregated schools in the state, the first law prohibiting segregated schools in the U.S.



1851 – Lewis Hayden and other black abolitionists invade a Boston courtroom and rescue Shadrach Minkins, who had escaped from slavery in Virginia in 1850, but is arrested by federal officers under the new Fugitive Slave Law; Minkins is spirited away to Canada by the Underground Railroad, where he marries, has a family, and lives until his death


Lewis Hayden, one of the rescuers of Shadrach Minkins 


1857 – Robert Fuchs born, Austrian composer, noted for chamber music and serenades



1861 – Alfred North Whitehead born, English mathematician and philosopher

1874 – Ernest Shackleton born in Ireland, British polar explorer

1879 – President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States

1882 – New Zealand National Lamb Day * – William Davidson and Thomas Brydone send off their the first shipment of frozen sheep meat from Port Chalmers aboard the Dunedin, bound for London

1883 – Sax Rohmer born as Arthur Sarsfield Ward, English author of the Fu Manchu mystery series

1898 – It might have been an underwater mine, but more likely spontaneous combustion in a coal bunker on board the ship, which sinks the battleship USS Maine in Cuba’s Havana harbor, killing over half its American crew; but it is widely assumed in the U.S. to be the work of Spanish saboteurs; Remember the Maine! * becomes the battle-cry leading to the Spanish-American War (April-December 1898)



1903 – Morris and Rose Michtom, Russian immigrants, introduce the first teddy bear in America

1905 – Harold Arlen born, American composer and arranger



1910 – Irena Sendler born, Polish nurse and social worker, head of children’s section of Żegota, an underground resistance organization; she and other members smuggle about 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto, providing them with false identity papers and homes, saving them from the Holocaust

1921 – The Suffrage Monument, depicting Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott, sculpted by Adelaide Johnson, is dedicated at the U.S. Capitol


Suffrage Monument: Cady Stanton (left), Anthony and Mott (right)


1921 – Radha Krishna Choudhary born, Indian historian and writer

1923 – Yelena Bonner born, human rights activist in former Soviet Union, married to Andrei Sakharov

1932 – George Burns and Gracie Allen debut on radio’s “The Guy Lombardo Show”

1933 – U.S. President-elect Franklin Roosevelt escapes an assassination attempt in Miami; Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak is mortally wounded in the attack

1935 – Susan Brownmiller born, American journalist and author; Against Our Will: Men, Women, and Rape 



1937 – Gregory MacDonald born, American mystery writer, Fletch novels

1941 – Duke Ellington and his orchestra first record “Take the “A” Train”



1954 – Matt Groening born, cartoonist, creator of The Simpsons



1957 – Harry Belafonte’s single “The Banana Boat Song” (Day-O) hits #1 on the charts



1958 – “The Dick Clark Show” debuts on ABC-TV

1965 – Canada officially adopts its red and white flag with a red maple leaf in the center



1965 – The Beatles release their single “Eight Days a Week”



1967 – The band Chicago is formed

1968 – Henry Lewis, formerly a double-bassist and assistant conductor with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, becomes the first black symphony orchestra leader in the U.S. when he is hired as conductor and musical director of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra; makes his debut as a guest conductor at the Metropolitan Opera in 1972



1971 – Great Britain goes to a decimal money system; the pound now equal to 100 pence instead of 240 pence

1982 – Agatha Barbara takes office as Malta’s first woman President



1985 – The Center for Disease Control reported that half of all nine-year-olds in the U.S. showed no sign of tooth decay

1989 – After nine years of intervention, the Soviet Union announces that the last of its troops are out of Afghanistan

1991 – The leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland sign the Visegard agreement, for cooperation in transforming their countries to free-market economies

2002 – U.S. President George W. Bush approves Nevada’s Yucca Mountain as a site for long-term disposal of radioactive nuclear waste

2010 – Singles Awareness Day * is made famous when Dustin Barnes writes a tongue-in-cheek story about his memories of celebrating S.A.D. with friends in HS who felt left out on Valentine’s Day, then gets many calls wanting interviews from U.S. news outlets

201 1 – After Wisconsin’s Governor Scott Walker proposes cutbacks in benefits and bargaining rights for public employees, protesters swarm the capitol in Madison

2011 – Representative Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) introduces the Susan B. Anthony  * Birthday Act, to make Susan B. Anthony’s birthday a U.S. national holiday, but it has never been enacted. California, Florida, New York, and Wisconsin have the day listed on their state calendars, but only Florida has made it a legal holiday. West Virginia marks it on Election Day in February, and Massachusetts celebrates Susan B. Anthony Day each year on August 26, the date in 1920 when the 19th Amendment is ratified, giving women the right to vote; also August 26, annual Susan B. Anthony Festival in Rochester NY


2013 – The Angelman Syndrome Foundation launches International Angelman Day * to educate parents and healthcare professionals about AS, a neuro-genetic disorder occurring once in every 15,000 live births; often misdiagnosed as cerebral palsy or autism due to lack of awareness; AS characteristics include developmental delays, speech disorders, seizures, walking and balance disorders. Individuals with Angelman syndrome will require life-long care. https://www.angelman.org


____________________________________________

 

 

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 15, 2018

  1. The battleship Maine was an 1886 design, and was obsolescent by the time she was commissioned in 1895. She sank in Havana harbor three years later, in 1898. The cause was blamed on a Spanish mine.

    The Maine was refloated in 1912. Between being so badly damaged, and completely obsolete by that time, she was towed out to sea and scuttled in 3,500 feet of water.

    Later investigations offered conflicting results. The Navy still hangs onto their original claim of a mine going off under the keel of the ship. However, in my eyes, the most credible investigation findings are the ones which suggest a probable coal dust explosion. It has been suggested the explosion was a ‘false flag’ operation to draw the US into a war with Spain. I doubt it was a ‘false flag.’ I think it was a coal dust explosion, as some marine accident reconstructionists contend. Old photos of the damage show steel plating of the hull bent outwards, not inwards.

    Dust of almost any kind in the air is a hazard when near an open flame or hot spark. That was brought home to me in school, when a shop teacher demonstrated what happens if you throw even a pinch of fine sawdust into a flame. In this demonstration, compressed air is used to spray a fine mist of coal dust into the air, which is then ignited by a spark on the machine.

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    Thanks Chuck!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.