ON THIS DAY: February 26, 2018

February 26th is

Museum Advocacy Day

Levi Strauss Day *

Pistachio Day

Tell a Fairytale Day

_________________________________________

MORE! James O’Hara, Carter Woodson and Oprah Winfrey, click

_________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Kuwait – Liberation Day

Paraguay: National Heroes’ Day

Solomon Islands – Choiseul Province:
Choiseul Province Founding Holiday

_________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

747 BC – Epoch of Ptolemy’s Nabonrassar Era, starting point used to study the works of Ptolemy, which record the history of Assyria and Babylon; also an important source used by astronomers to date celestial events


Ptolemaic geocentric system, by Bartolomeu Velho, 1568


1361 – Wenceslas born, will be crowned Wenceslas IV, King of Bohemia

1564 – Christopher Marlowe born, English playwright, poet and translator



1616 – Galileo Galilei is formally banned by the Roman Catholic Church from teaching or defending the view that the earth orbits the sun



1802 – Victor Hugo born, French author, poet, and playwright



1808 – Honoré Daumier born, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor

The First-Class Carriage, by Honoré Daumier


1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba, begins 2nd conquest of France

1829 – Levi Strauss born, German-American clothing manufacturer, founder of Levi Strauss & Co

1905 advertisement


1842 – Camille Flammarion born, French astronomer and author



1846 – Buffalo Bill Cody born, American scout, hunter and showman



1848 – The second French Republic is proclaimed

1852 – John Harvey Kellogg born, developer of corn flakes as dry breakfast food

1857 – Emile Coue born, French pharmacist, autosuggestion advocate; repetition 15 to 20 times twice a day: “Every day, and in every way, I am becoming better and better”

1858 – Lavinia Lloyd Dock born, American nurse, feminist and social activist; contributing editor to the American Journal of Nursing; author of four-volume history of nursing and a pioneering nurse’s manual of drugs, which became the standard manual for many years 



1859 – Louise Bowen born, Chicago philanthropist, saved Hull House financially in 1935, funded the Woman’s Club building, demanded removal of health hazards from Pullman Company, obtained minimum wage for women at International Harvester Company and raised $12,000 for families of strikers

1863 – U.S. President Lincoln signs the National Currency Act, aka the National Banking Act, to create a single national currency, eliminating the problem of notes having varying values in different states, from issuing banks that are subject to regulation in some states but not in others; establishes federal banks backed by the U.S Treasury, and all paper money to be produced by the government; coins had been produced by the U.S. Mint since 1792

1869 – Fifteenth Amendment guaranteeing all male U.S. citizens the right to vote is sent to the states for ratification

1870 – NYC’s first pneumatic-powered subway line opens to the public, the Beach Pneumatic Transit



1876 – Japan and Korea sign a treaty granting Japanese citizens extraterritoriality  rights, opening three ports to Japanese trade, and ending Korea’s status as a tributary state  of Qing dynasty China

1877 – Rudolph Dirks born, American cartoonist, Katzenjammer Kids



1881 – S.S. Ceylon begins first round-the-world-cruise, from Liverpool, England

1884 – James O’Hara born, Irish-West Indian mulatto, taught free black primary schoolchildren, admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1873; Republican Congressman for North Carolina (1883-1887)



1893 – Dorothy Whipple born, English novelist and children’s author



1895 – Michael Joseph Owens patents an automatic glass blowing machine that could make multiple bottles at the same time

1902 – Vercors born as Jean Marcel Bruller, French novelist and artist

1907 – The U.S. Congress raises their own pay to $7500, from $5000 in 1874; by comparison, the average worker earns 22 cents an hour; an accountant makes about $2000 a year; a mechanical engineer about $5,000 a year. In 1907, there are 8,000 cars and 144 miles of paved roads in all of America; 90% of U.S. doctors had no college education, but attend “medical schools” frequently found to be “substandard”; average life expectancy is 47 years due to the high infant mortality rate – 95% of all births happen at home; just 6% of all adult Americans are high school graduates, and 20% of the population can’t read or write. Only 230 murders are reported in the entire U.S. that year, compared to 2016, when at least 11,000 people were murdered just with firearms

1908 – Leela Majumdar born, prolific Bengali Indian author



1909 – Kinemacolor, the first successful color motion picture process, is first shown to the public at the Palace Theatre in London

1909 – Fanny Cradock born as Phyllis Pechey, English television chef and author



1914 – HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland

1916 – Mutual Film Corporation signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract to make 12 two-reel comedies for the largest annual salary yet for a motion picture star: $670,000

1918 – Theodore Sturgeon born, American author and critic



1919 – President Woodrow Wilson signs into law an act of Congress establishing the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona

1921 – Wilma S. Heide born, educator and women’s studies pioneer, president of NOW (1971- 72), spearheaded sex discrimination charges against ATT



1926 – Carter G. Woodson starts Negro History Week, which later becomes Black History Month



1928 – Fats Domino born, American singer-songwriter and pianist



1929 – U.S. President Coolidge signs a bill creating the Grand Teton National Park

1930 – New York City installs traffic lights

1933 – A ground-breaking ceremony is held at Crissy Field for the Golden Gate Bridge

1935 – Adolf Hitler orders the Luftwaffe re-formed, violating the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles

1935 – Robert Watson-Watt carries out a demonstration near Daventry which leads directly to the development of radar in the United Kingdom

1944 – Sue Dauser, of the nurse corps, is appointed as the first female U.S. Navy captain

1945 – A nationwide midnight curfew goes into effect in the U.S.

1948 – Sharyn McCrumb born, American Appalachian “Ballad” novelist; author of the Elizabeth MacPherson mystery series



1950 – Helen Clark born, first woman elected (not appointed) to the office of Prime Minister of New Zealand (1999-2008); first woman Administrator of the UN Development Programme (2009-2017) 



1952 – Prime Minister Winston Churchill announces Britain has an atomic bomb

1954 – U.S. Congresswoman Ruth Thompson (R-MI) introduces bill to ban mailing of “obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy” recordings, aimed at rock n’ roll

1957 – The Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award is established by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

1958 – Susan Helms born, U.S Air Force Lt. General and NASA Astronaut, crew member on five Space Shuttle missions and lived aboard the International Space Station for over five months in 2001; with Jim Voss, she is the co-holder of the international record for longest spacewalk, 8 hours and 56 minutes



1964 – Cassius Clay changes his name to Muhammad Ali as he accepts the Islamic faith


Muhammad Ali with Elijah Muhammad, who gave him his new name


1970 – The Beatles release “Hey Jude” in the U.S.



1970 – National Public Radio (NPR) is incorporated

1987 – The Tower Commission rebukes U.S. President Reagan for failing to control his national security staff in the wake of the Iran-Contra affair


John Tower, Ronald Reagan and Edmund Muskie


1987 – The U.S.S.R. conducts its first nuclear weapons test after a 19-month moratorium

1991 – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein announces on Baghdad Radio that Iraqi troops are being withdrawn from Kuwait

1993 – Six people are killed and more than a thousand injured when a van containing a bomb built by Islamic extremists explodes in the New York World Trade Center’s underground parking garage

1995 – Britain’s oldest investment banking firm, Barings PLC, collapses after a securities dealer loses more than $1.4 billion by gambling on Tokyo stock prices



1998 – A Texas jury rejects an $11 million lawsuit by Texas  cattlemen, blaming Oprah Winfrey for price drop after on-air comment about mad-cow disease



2001 – A U.N. tribunal convicts Bosnian Croat political leader Dario Kordic and military commander Mario Cerkez of war crimes, because they ordered systematic murder and persecution of Muslim civilians during the Bosnian war

2002 – Alanis Morissette’s third album “Under Rug Swept” is released



2008 – The NY Philharmonic performs in Pyongyang, North Korea; the first performance of its kind in North Korea

2009 – Former Serbian president Milan Milutinovic is acquitted of war crimes during the Kosovo War by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

2009 – The Pentagon reverses its 18-year policy of banning media from covering returning war dead, allowing some media coverage if the family approves

2012 – Trayvon Martin, age 17, is shot to death in Sanford FL during a confrontation with neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman



2013 – Pink’s single “Just Give Me a Reason” featuring Nate Ruess is released


____________________________________________

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 26, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    I think the Trayvon Martin murder case was an example of the most atrocious corruption of our courts that could be displayed. First you had the police covering up the crime, mostly because they had contributed to Zimmerman committing it. (They had received more than three valid community complaints about Zimmerman’s threatening racist conduct and they not only failed to restrain his behavior, but they escorted homeowners out of a meeting for attempting to get the Homeowners Association to act to admonish him.) Then the police and prosecutors covered up for him. Then the whole court, including the judge who presided over the trial AND the prosecutor’s office itself colluded to acquit the murderer who, remember, was allowed to keep all his guns. I think the Trayvon Martin murder case was the beginning of the final unraveling of our system.

    • Malisha says:

      OH and I forgot to mention that the press lied. Lied outright. I filed a FOIA and got documentation that proved that the Miami Herald’s initial report on the case (repeated verbatim over a thousand times in the next three days) was materially inaccurate. I contacted them and proved it and they never corrected or retracted.

      • wordcloud9 says:

        Thank you for trying to set the record straight – it was one of the worst travesties of justice I can remember, and there have been such a lot of them in my lifetime.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.